Table 2 
Employment by class of worker and industry, seasonally adjusted 

Employment by class of worker and industry, seasonally adjusted
  September
2023
October
2023
Standard error1 September to October 2023 October 2022 to October 2023 September to October 2023 October 2022 to October 2023
  thousandsthousandsthousands change in thousandschange in thousands % change% change
Class of worker              
Employees 17,585.1 17,604.2 35.2 19.1 454.1 0.1 2.6
Public sector employees 4,291.7 4,310.6 19.1 18.9 100.7 0.4 2.4
Private sector employees 13,293.4 13,293.6 34.4 0.2 353.3 0.0 2.7
Self-employed 2,685.1 2,683.4 22.8 -1.7 47.1 -0.1 1.8
Total employed, all industries 20,270.1 20,287.6 30.7 17.5 501.2 0.1 2.5
Goods-producing sector 4,115.9 4,123.4 19.1 7.5 15.9 0.2 0.4
Agriculture 254.9 259.3 5.6 4.4 -4.4 1.7 -1.7
Natural resources2 331.0 331.7 5.8 0.7 6.3 0.2 1.9
Utilities 153.7 151.9 3.7 -1.8 -3.3 -1.2 -2.1
Construction 1,556.3 1,579.3 13.0 23.0 2.4 1.5 0.2
Manufacturing 1,820.0 1,801.2 13.1 -18.8 14.9 -1.0 0.8
Services-producing sector 16,154.2 16,164.2 30.6 10.0 485.3 0.1 3.1
Wholesale and retail trade 2,998.3 2,976.6 17.0 -21.7 48.6 -0.7 1.7
Transportation and warehousing 1,049.0 1,052.3 10.3 3.3 88.1 0.3 9.1
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing 1,381.3 1,373.2 10.7 -8.1 -8.3 -0.6 -0.6
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,893.9 1,899.0 13.5 5.1 45.2 0.3 2.4
Business, building and other support services 688.7 685.5 10.8 -3.2 -12.6 -0.5 -1.8
Educational services 1,520.3 1,522.9 12.0 2.6 64.2 0.2 4.4
Health care and social assistance 2,684.8 2,693.7 13.1 8.9 60.4 0.3 2.3
Information, culture and recreation 831.6 852.5 11.6 20.9 61.4 2.5 7.8
Accommodation and food services 1,145.8 1,140.3 12.7 -5.5 49.1 -0.5 4.5
Other services (except public administration) 781.2 782.9 9.3 1.7 67.2 0.2 9.4
Public administration 1,179.2 1,185.2 8.5 6.0 21.8 0.5 1.9
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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