Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in July 2022 and July 2023, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in July 2022 and July 2023, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2022 31,744.5 21,042.5 19,991.6 1,050.9 66.3 5.0 63.0
2023 32,448.8 21,589.7 20,416.4 1,173.4 66.5 5.4 62.9
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2022 448.1 268.3 242.5 25.8 59.9 9.6 54.1
2023 455.0 268.0 244.4 23.6 58.9 8.8 53.7
Avalon Peninsula              
2022 239.5 155.2 144.1 11.1 64.8 7.2 60.2
2023 245.1 152.7 142.1 10.6 62.3 6.9 58.0
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2022 121.1 60.8 52.5 8.3 50.2 13.7 43.4
2023 121.5 61.7 54.6 7.1 50.8 11.5 44.9
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2022 87.5 52.3 45.9 6.4 59.8 12.2 52.5
2023 88.3 53.6 47.7 5.9 60.7 11.0 54.0
Prince Edward Island              
2022 139.2 95.4 90.3 5.1 68.5 5.3 64.9
2023 144.5 99.2 92.9 6.4 68.7 6.5 64.3
Nova Scotia              
2022 838.8 527.5 495.0 32.5 62.9 6.2 59.0
2023 862.7 539.1 504.7 34.3 62.5 6.4 58.5
Cape Breton              
2022 109.8 61.4 55.5 5.9 55.9 9.6 50.5
2023 111.8 56.0 51.0 5.0 50.1 8.9 45.6
North Shore              
2022 128.8 75.6 69.6 6.0 58.7 7.9 54.0
2023 130.7 75.0 70.9 4.1 57.4 5.5 54.2
Annapolis Valley              
2022 108.2 66.1 62.7 3.4 61.1 5.1 57.9
2023 110.6 68.6 65.8 2.8 62.0 4.1 59.5
Southern              
2022 99.3 56.0 51.7 4.3 56.4 7.7 52.1
2023 100.5 57.8 54.5 3.2 57.5 5.5 54.2
Halifax              
2022 392.6 268.4 255.6 12.8 68.4 4.8 65.1
2023 409.2 281.7 262.5 19.2 68.8 6.8 64.1
New Brunswick              
2022 662.7 411.3 384.8 26.4 62.1 6.4 58.1
2023 682.4 421.6 397.0 24.6 61.8 5.8 58.2
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2022 131.8 72.9 66.2 6.8 55.3 9.3 50.2
2023 133.6 77.5 70.9 6.5 58.0 8.4 53.1
Moncton–Richibucto              
2022 195.0 125.9 119.6 6.3 64.6 5.0 61.3
2023 202.9 133.7 126.4 7.3 65.9 5.5 62.3
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2022 149.3 92.9 86.6 6.3 62.2 6.8 58.0
2023 153.3 91.6 86.9 4.7 59.8 5.1 56.7
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2022 121.5 80.2 75.2 5.0 66.0 6.2 61.9
2023 126.3 80.2 76.0 4.1 63.5 5.1 60.2
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2022 65.1 39.3 37.3 2.1 60.4 5.3 57.3
2023 66.3 38.7 36.8 1.9 58.4 4.9 55.5
Quebec              
2022 7,150.9 4,648.2 4,461.3 187.0 65.0 4.0 62.4
2023 7,249.4 4,762.0 4,565.8 196.2 65.7 4.1 63.0
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2022 76.4 39.3 36.8 2.4 51.4 6.1 48.2
2023 76.6 44.1 42.4 1.7 57.6 3.9 55.4
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2022 165.6 94.5 91.4 3.1 57.1 3.3 55.2
2023 166.0 97.0 93.0 4.0 58.4 4.1 56.0
Capitale-Nationale              
2022 628.3 417.0 404.9 12.0 66.4 2.9 64.4
2023 634.4 418.9 406.9 12.0 66.0 2.9 64.1
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2022 359.0 241.4 238.2 3.2 67.2 1.3 66.4
2023 362.0 235.4 229.6 5.9 65.0 2.5 63.4
Estrie              
2022 281.3 167.0 162.3 4.7 59.4 2.8 57.7
2023 285.3 163.4 158.0 5.4 57.3 3.3 55.4
Centre-du-Québec              
2022 209.4 137.7 135.2 2.5 65.8 1.8 64.6
2023 211.6 130.2 128.0 2.3 61.5 1.8 60.5
Montérégie              
2022 1,331.3 875.6 843.7 31.9 65.8 3.6 63.4
2023 1,350.5 881.1 845.3 35.8 65.2 4.1 62.6
Montréal              
2022 1,770.7 1,205.0 1,134.0 71.0 68.1 5.9 64.0
2023 1,807.5 1,254.0 1,182.9 71.0 69.4 5.7 65.4
Laval              
2022 369.4 233.3 220.6 12.7 63.2 5.4 59.7
2023 374.0 255.9 241.8 14.2 68.4 5.5 64.7
Lanaudière              
2022 431.4 302.5 291.7 10.7 70.1 3.5 67.6
2023 436.7 292.1 279.2 13.0 66.9 4.5 63.9
Laurentides              
2022 534.3 333.8 320.3 13.6 62.5 4.1 59.9
2023 543.4 368.9 357.7 11.2 67.9 3.0 65.8
Outaouais              
2022 333.0 219.9 212.8 7.1 66.0 3.2 63.9
2023 337.5 219.4 211.5 7.9 65.0 3.6 62.7
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2022 118.4 78.1 76.0 2.1 66.0 2.7 64.2
2023 118.7 74.5 71.9 2.6 62.8 3.5 60.6
Mauricie              
2022 227.9 121.4 117.2 4.2 53.3 3.5 51.4
2023 229.2 131.8 128.6 3.3 57.5 2.5 56.1
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2022 228.9 131.5 127.9 3.7 57.4 2.8 55.9
2023 229.7 139.7 135.4 4.3 60.8 3.1 58.9
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2022 85.8 50.3 48.2 2.1 58.6 4.2 56.2
2023 86.3 55.6 53.7 1.8 64.4 3.2 62.2
Ontario              
2022 12,507.8 8,295.7 7,843.6 452.1 66.3 5.4 62.7
2023 12,784.2 8,523.6 8,016.9 506.7 66.7 5.9 62.7
Ottawa              
2022 1,220.0 813.3 778.5 34.8 66.7 4.3 63.8
2023 1,246.0 854.6 815.6 38.9 68.6 4.6 65.5
Kingston–Pembroke              
2022 401.7 251.2 240.5 10.6 62.5 4.2 59.9
2023 407.7 241.7 227.3 14.4 59.3 6.0 55.8
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2022 353.1 199.1 188.8 10.3 56.4 5.2 53.5
2023 358.0 215.2 206.1 9.1 60.1 4.2 57.6
Toronto              
2022 5,910.2 4,045.4 3,791.6 253.8 68.4 6.3 64.2
2023 6,065.5 4,171.1 3,887.3 283.7 68.8 6.8 64.1
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2022 1,238.9 850.9 812.0 38.8 68.7 4.6 65.5
2023 1,269.5 906.4 860.3 46.1 71.4 5.1 67.8
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2022 1,293.4 833.1 796.4 36.7 64.4 4.4 61.6
2023 1,315.3 823.8 779.9 43.9 62.6 5.3 59.3
London              
2022 620.8 419.1 394.4 24.7 67.5 5.9 63.5
2023 635.6 413.1 388.7 24.3 65.0 5.9 61.2
Windsor–Sarnia              
2022 564.5 326.5 307.3 19.1 57.8 5.8 54.4
2023 574.6 356.0 335.7 20.3 62.0 5.7 58.4
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2022 268.7 175.5 167.7 7.8 65.3 4.4 62.4
2023 272.2 163.6 156.4 7.1 60.1 4.3 57.5
Northeast              
2022 462.4 275.8 264.8 11.0 59.6 4.0 57.3
2023 464.4 268.2 254.8 13.4 57.8 5.0 54.9
Northwest              
2022 174.1 106.1 101.7 4.4 60.9 4.1 58.4
2023 175.4 110.2 104.7 5.4 62.8 4.9 59.7
Manitoba              
2022 1,063.1 715.2 685.2 30.0 67.3 4.2 64.5
2023 1,086.9 738.8 702.9 35.9 68.0 4.9 64.7
Southeast              
2022 101.0 67.9 64.9 3.0 67.2 4.4 64.3
2023 103.4 72.7 70.2 2.5 70.3 3.4 67.9
South Central and North Central              
2022 92.4 61.0 59.2 1.8 66.0 3.0 64.1
2023 94.3 67.0 64.0 3.0 71.0 4.5 67.9
Southwest              
2022 91.0 60.5 58.3 2.2 66.5 3.6 64.1
2023 92.3 61.4 58.2 3.2 66.5 5.2 63.1
Winnipeg              
2022 647.3 445.0 425.7 19.3 68.7 4.3 65.8
2023 663.6 454.6 430.4 24.3 68.5 5.3 64.9
Interlake              
2022 77.2 47.6 44.9 2.6 61.7 5.5 58.2
2023 78.5 47.3 45.6 1.7 60.3 3.6 58.1
Parklands and North              
2022 54.2 33.3 32.1 1.2 61.4 3.6 59.2
2023 54.9 35.8 34.5 1.3 65.2 3.6 62.8
Saskatchewan              
2022 898.8 620.6 595.3 25.3 69.0 4.1 66.2
2023 922.9 626.9 598.2 28.8 67.9 4.6 64.8
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2022 279.6 190.9 183.4 7.5 68.3 3.9 65.6
2023 288.3 201.1 191.6 9.5 69.8 4.7 66.5
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2022 82.8 54.6 52.3 2.3 65.9 4.2 63.2
2023 83.9 49.9 48.2 1.7 59.5 3.4 57.4
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2022 318.4 232.4 222.4 10.0 73.0 4.3 69.8
2023 329.4 235.9 225.5 10.3 71.6 4.4 68.5
Yorkton–Melville              
2022 61.4 39.8 38.7 1.1 64.8 2.8 63.0
2023 61.9 39.9 38.2 1.7 64.5 4.3 61.7
Prince Albert and Northern              
2022 156.5 103.1 98.6 4.4 65.9 4.3 63.0
2023 159.4 100.3 94.6 5.6 62.9 5.6 59.3
Alberta              
2022 3,609.1 2,549.0 2,416.5 132.5 70.6 5.2 67.0
2023 3,748.3 2,644.0 2,491.1 152.9 70.5 5.8 66.5
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2022 242.2 158.0 151.7 6.3 65.2 4.0 62.6
2023 249.5 161.9 152.4 9.5 64.9 5.9 61.1
Camrose–Drumheller              
2022 162.5 109.5 103.8 5.6 67.4 5.1 63.9
2023 165.9 109.1 105.0 4.2 65.8 3.8 63.3
Calgary              
2022 1,383.6 1,008.2 957.1 51.1 72.9 5.1 69.2
2023 1,441.4 1,040.8 977.5 63.2 72.2 6.1 67.8
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2022 277.4 196.4 184.7 11.7 70.8 6.0 66.6
2023 285.2 202.2 191.9 10.3 70.9 5.1 67.3
Red Deer              
2022 179.1 110.3 105.1 5.2 61.6 4.7 58.7
2023 185.0 117.6 111.0 6.7 63.6 5.7 60.0
Edmonton              
2022 1,259.1 886.1 838.2 47.8 70.4 5.4 66.6
2023 1,313.5 933.0 878.0 54.9 71.0 5.9 66.8
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2022 105.3 80.5 75.8 4.7 76.4 5.8 72.0
2023 108.0 79.4 75.2 4.1 73.5 5.2 69.6
British Columbia              
2022 4,425.8 2,911.3 2,777.0 134.3 65.8 4.6 62.7
2023 4,512.5 2,966.4 2,802.5 163.9 65.7 5.5 62.1
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2022 762.8 456.0 438.7 17.4 59.8 3.8 57.5
2023 777.3 460.9 439.3 21.6 59.3 4.7 56.5
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2022 2,736.9 1,860.1 1,771.4 88.7 68.0 4.8 64.7
2023 2,796.0 1,910.3 1,801.8 108.5 68.3 5.7 64.4
Thompson–Okanagan              
2022 516.9 330.4 314.1 16.3 63.9 4.9 60.8
2023 526.1 333.9 317.1 16.7 63.5 5.0 60.3
Kootenay              
2022 140.8 87.3 84.4 2.9 62.0 3.3 59.9
2023 142.5 87.0 82.1 4.8 61.1 5.5 57.6
Cariboo              
2022 143.0 96.8 91.0 5.8 67.7 6.0 63.6
2023 144.8 92.0 84.6 7.4 63.5 8.0 58.4
North Coast and Nechako              
2022 69.7 41.8 40.4 x 60.0 x 58.0
2023 69.8 44.2 41.3 2.9 63.3 6.6 59.2
Northeast              
2022 55.6 38.9 37.0 1.9 70.0 4.9 66.5
2023 56.0 38.2 36.2 2.0 68.2 5.2 64.6
x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
Source(s):
Date modified: