Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  September
2022
October
2022
Standard error1 September to October 2022 October 2021 to October 2022 September to October 2022 October 2021 to October 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 185.2 185.5 ... 0.3 3.3 0.2 1.8
Labour force 122.7 122.6 1.0 -0.1 5.6 -0.1 4.8
Employment 116.5 115.4 1.0 -1.1 5.9 -0.9 5.4
Unemployment 6.2 7.2 0.5 1.0 -0.3 16.1 -4.0
Participation rate 66.3 66.1 0.5 -0.2 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.9 0.4 0.8 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 62.9 62.2 0.5 -0.7 2.1 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 395.7 397.2 ... 1.5 14.8 0.4 3.9
Labour force 263.9 264.6 1.5 0.7 7.5 0.3 2.9
Employment 250.7 250.1 1.5 -0.6 9.6 -0.2 4.0
Unemployment 13.2 14.5 0.8 1.3 -2.1 9.8 -12.7
Participation rate 66.7 66.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.5 0.3 0.5 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 63.4 63.0 0.4 -0.4 0.1 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 139.1 139.7 ... 0.6 5.1 0.4 3.8
Labour force 90.2 91.1 0.9 0.9 -4.2 1.0 -4.4
Employment 85.0 86.0 0.9 1.0 -2.5 1.2 -2.8
Unemployment 5.2 5.1 0.5 -0.1 -1.8 -1.9 -26.1
Participation rate 64.8 65.2 0.6 0.4 -5.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.6 0.5 -0.2 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 61.6 0.7 0.5 -4.2 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 113.2 113.5 ... 0.3 2.7 0.3 2.4
Labour force 69.2 70.7 0.9 1.5 2.4 2.2 3.5
Employment 64.3 66.1 0.9 1.8 3.6 2.8 5.8
Unemployment 4.9 4.6 0.4 -0.3 -1.2 -6.1 -20.7
Participation rate 61.1 62.3 0.8 1.2 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.1 6.5 0.6 -0.6 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 58.2 0.8 1.4 1.8 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 135.5 135.5 ... 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Labour force 83.0 81.5 1.2 -1.5 4.3 -1.8 5.6
Employment 79.6 77.6 1.1 -2.0 4.3 -2.5 5.9
Unemployment 3.4 4.0 0.3 0.6 0.1 17.6 2.6
Participation rate 61.3 60.1 0.9 -1.2 3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.9 0.4 0.8 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 58.7 57.3 0.8 -1.4 3.2 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 693.7 694.5 ... 0.8 5.4 0.1 0.8
Labour force 456.3 456.0 3.8 -0.3 -3.9 -0.1 -0.8
Employment 444.1 442.9 3.8 -1.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1
Unemployment 12.2 13.1 1.3 0.9 -3.6 7.4 -21.6
Participation rate 65.8 65.7 0.5 -0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.7 2.9 0.3 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 64.0 63.8 0.6 -0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 191.2 191.5 ... 0.3 2.7 0.2 1.4
Labour force 114.9 115.9 1.2 1.0 -2.5 0.9 -2.1
Employment 111.4 112.9 1.2 1.5 -0.8 1.3 -0.7
Unemployment 3.5 3.0 0.4 -0.5 -1.7 -14.3 -36.2
Participation rate 60.1 60.5 0.6 0.4 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.0 2.6 0.4 -0.4 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 59.0 0.6 0.7 -1.2 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 137.9 138.0 ... 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.6
Labour force 80.2 80.7 1.1 0.5 -0.3 0.6 -0.4
Employment 77.2 77.2 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Unemployment 3.1 3.5 0.3 0.4 -0.3 12.9 -7.9
Participation rate 58.2 58.5 0.8 0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.3 0.4 0.4 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 56.0 55.9 0.8 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,681.1 3,685.7 ... 4.6 39.0 0.1 1.1
Labour force 2,450.7 2,459.5 9.1 8.8 34.3 0.4 1.4
Employment 2,331.5 2,344.3 9.2 12.8 76.7 0.5 3.4
Unemployment 119.2 115.2 5.4 -4.0 -42.4 -3.4 -26.9
Participation rate 66.6 66.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.7 0.2 -0.2 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 63.3 63.6 0.3 0.3 1.4 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,239.9 1,242.1 ... 2.2 25.4 0.2 2.1
Labour force 830.7 833.1 5.3 2.4 32.2 0.3 4.0
Employment 796.7 797.7 5.5 1.0 37.0 0.1 4.9
Unemployment 34.0 35.3 2.2 1.3 -4.9 3.8 -12.2
Participation rate 67.0 67.1 0.4 0.1 1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.2 0.3 0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 64.2 0.4 -0.1 1.7 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 290.8 291.2 ... 0.4 3.9 0.1 1.4
Labour force 194.4 194.4 1.6 0.0 8.5 0.0 4.6
Employment 186.5 186.1 1.6 -0.4 7.2 -0.2 4.0
Unemployment 7.9 8.3 0.6 0.4 1.4 5.1 20.3
Participation rate 66.9 66.8 0.6 -0.1 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.3 0.3 0.2 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 64.1 63.9 0.5 -0.2 1.6 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 949.1 950.9 ... 1.8 21.5 0.2 2.3
Labour force 636.2 638.7 5.0 2.5 23.6 0.4 3.8
Employment 610.2 611.7 5.2 1.5 29.9 0.2 5.1
Unemployment 26.1 27.0 2.1 0.9 -6.3 3.4 -18.9
Participation rate 67.0 67.2 0.5 0.2 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.2 0.3 0.1 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 64.3 0.6 0.0 1.7 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 148.7 149.0 ... 0.3 3.8 0.2 2.6
Labour force 94.9 95.9 0.9 1.0 8.4 1.1 9.6
Employment 90.1 90.8 1.0 0.7 9.6 0.8 11.8
Unemployment 4.8 5.2 0.4 0.4 -1.1 8.3 -17.5
Participation rate 63.8 64.4 0.6 0.6 4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.4 0.5 0.3 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 60.6 60.9 0.7 0.3 5.0 ... ...
Belleville, Ontario              
Population 102.0 102.1 ... 0.1 7.8 0.1 8.3
Labour force 64.2 63.1 3.2 -1.1 11.6 -1.7 22.5
Employment 60.0 59.5 3.2 -0.5 11.5 -0.8 24.0
Unemployment 4.2 3.7 0.8 -0.5 0.2 -11.9 5.7
Participation rate 62.9 61.8 2.7 -1.1 7.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 5.9 1.7 -0.6 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 58.3 2.7 -0.5 7.4 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 114.7 114.8 ... 0.1 1.3 0.1 1.1
Labour force 72.4 71.0 1.7 -1.4 1.7 -1.9 2.5
Employment 68.3 67.6 1.7 -0.7 3.3 -1.0 5.1
Unemployment 4.0 3.4 0.6 -0.6 -1.5 -15.0 -30.6
Participation rate 63.1 61.8 1.5 -1.3 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 4.8 0.9 -0.7 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 58.9 1.5 -0.6 2.2 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 352.1 352.5 ... 0.4 5.7 0.1 1.6
Labour force 237.4 236.7 2.2 -0.7 5.5 -0.3 2.4
Employment 224.0 223.6 2.4 -0.4 9.7 -0.2 4.5
Unemployment 13.4 13.1 1.1 -0.3 -4.3 -2.2 -24.7
Participation rate 67.4 67.1 0.6 -0.3 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.5 0.5 -0.1 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 63.6 63.4 0.7 -0.2 1.7 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,670.8 5,680.0 ... 9.2 96.1 0.2 1.7
Labour force 3,758.8 3,744.0 12.4 -14.8 -57.3 -0.4 -1.5
Employment 3,534.4 3,512.6 12.4 -21.8 29.0 -0.6 0.8
Unemployment 224.4 231.4 7.7 7.0 -86.3 3.1 -27.2
Participation rate 66.3 65.9 0.2 -0.4 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.2 0.2 0.2 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 61.8 0.2 -0.5 -0.6 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 673.9 674.4 ... 0.5 6.2 0.1 0.9
Labour force 441.7 443.9 3.6 2.2 -0.2 0.5 -0.0
Employment 421.5 422.3 3.7 0.8 5.5 0.2 1.3
Unemployment 20.2 21.6 1.6 1.4 -5.7 6.9 -20.9
Participation rate 65.5 65.8 0.5 0.3 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.9 0.4 0.3 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.5 62.6 0.6 0.1 0.2 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 376.6 377.0 ... 0.4 3.4 0.1 0.9
Labour force 223.6 226.2 2.7 2.6 -1.1 1.2 -0.5
Employment 209.9 211.7 2.9 1.8 2.2 0.9 1.1
Unemployment 13.7 14.5 1.2 0.8 -3.3 5.8 -18.5
Participation rate 59.4 60.0 0.7 0.6 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.4 0.5 0.3 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 55.7 56.2 0.8 0.5 0.1 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 510.5 511.4 ... 0.9 9.6 0.2 1.9
Labour force 354.9 354.2 2.7 -0.7 8.2 -0.2 2.4
Employment 334.7 333.4 2.7 -1.3 9.9 -0.4 3.1
Unemployment 20.2 20.8 1.3 0.6 -1.7 3.0 -7.6
Participation rate 69.5 69.3 0.5 -0.2 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.9 0.4 0.2 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 65.6 65.2 0.5 -0.4 0.7 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 120.8 120.9 ... 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 82.0 83.8 1.0 1.8 4.6 2.2 5.8
Employment 78.7 79.8 1.0 1.1 6.4 1.4 8.7
Unemployment 3.4 4.0 0.4 0.6 -1.8 17.6 -31.0
Participation rate 67.9 69.3 0.8 1.4 3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.8 0.5 0.7 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 66.0 0.9 0.9 4.5 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 143.4 143.6 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.8
Labour force 99.3 100.1 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Employment 95.3 95.1 1.4 -0.2 0.9 -0.2 1.0
Unemployment 3.9 5.0 0.6 1.1 -0.1 28.2 -2.0
Participation rate 69.2 69.7 0.9 0.5 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 5.0 0.6 1.1 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 66.2 1.0 -0.3 -0.6 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 477.1 477.9 ... 0.8 8.3 0.2 1.8
Labour force 315.0 314.3 2.7 -0.7 4.6 -0.2 1.5
Employment 295.0 294.0 2.8 -1.0 5.7 -0.3 2.0
Unemployment 20.0 20.3 1.3 0.3 -1.1 1.5 -5.1
Participation rate 66.0 65.8 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.5 0.4 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.5 0.6 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 309.2 309.5 ... 0.3 3.7 0.1 1.2
Labour force 179.5 185.1 2.5 5.6 0.1 3.1 0.1
Employment 164.0 169.3 2.6 5.3 1.3 3.2 0.8
Unemployment 15.5 15.8 1.2 0.3 -1.2 1.9 -7.1
Participation rate 58.1 59.8 0.8 1.7 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 8.5 0.6 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 53.0 54.7 0.8 1.7 -0.2 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 184.2 184.4 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.4
Labour force 128.7 127.7 2.0 -1.0 2.9 -0.8 2.3
Employment 122.8 121.5 2.1 -1.3 3.5 -1.1 3.0
Unemployment 5.9 6.2 1.1 0.3 -0.6 5.1 -8.8
Participation rate 69.9 69.3 1.1 -0.6 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.9 0.9 0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 66.7 65.9 1.2 -0.8 1.0 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 146.0 146.1 ... 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.3
Labour force 87.6 87.8 1.1 0.2 -0.9 0.2 -1.0
Employment 83.8 83.7 1.0 -0.1 1.1 -0.1 1.3
Unemployment 3.8 4.1 0.4 0.3 -2.0 7.9 -32.8
Participation rate 60.0 60.1 0.7 0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.7 0.5 0.4 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.4 57.3 0.7 -0.1 0.6 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 106.6 106.6 ... 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2
Labour force 64.1 63.4 0.7 -0.7 -2.4 -1.1 -3.6
Employment 60.7 60.1 0.6 -0.6 -1.3 -1.0 -2.1
Unemployment 3.4 3.3 0.3 -0.1 -1.1 -2.9 -25.0
Participation rate 60.1 59.5 0.6 -0.6 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.2 0.4 -0.1 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 56.4 0.6 -0.5 -1.3 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 715.1 716.3 ... 1.2 11.4 0.2 1.6
Labour force 480.9 483.6 1.6 2.7 5.3 0.6 1.1
Employment 458.8 459.1 1.7 0.3 10.3 0.1 2.3
Unemployment 22.0 24.4 0.9 2.4 -5.1 10.9 -17.3
Participation rate 67.2 67.5 0.2 0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 5.0 0.2 0.4 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.2 64.1 0.2 -0.1 0.4 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 220.8 221.4 ... 0.6 5.1 0.3 2.4
Labour force 143.0 144.7 1.1 1.7 -3.9 1.2 -2.6
Employment 136.8 137.4 1.2 0.6 -2.2 0.4 -1.6
Unemployment 6.2 7.3 0.6 1.1 -1.7 17.7 -18.9
Participation rate 64.8 65.4 0.5 0.6 -3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 5.0 0.4 0.7 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 62.1 0.5 0.1 -2.4 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 281.5 282.4 ... 0.9 7.9 0.3 2.9
Labour force 199.4 197.2 1.3 -2.2 8.8 -1.1 4.7
Employment 191.1 189.2 1.3 -1.9 14.0 -1.0 8.0
Unemployment 8.3 8.0 0.6 -0.3 -5.1 -3.6 -38.9
Participation rate 70.8 69.8 0.5 -1.0 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.1 0.3 -0.1 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 67.9 67.0 0.5 -0.9 3.2 ... ...
Lethbridge, Alberta              
Population 108.0 108.3 ... 0.3 2.7 0.3 2.6
Labour force 70.6 71.4 1.1 0.8 4.0 1.1 5.9
Employment 67.4 68.5 1.1 1.1 4.5 1.6 7.0
Unemployment 3.2 2.9 0.5 -0.3 -0.5 -9.4 -14.7
Participation rate 65.4 65.9 1.0 0.5 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.1 0.7 -0.4 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.4 63.3 1.0 0.9 2.7 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,302.4 1,306.6 ... 4.2 36.1 0.3 2.8
Labour force 941.3 938.3 5.4 -3.0 37.3 -0.3 4.1
Employment 892.3 888.8 5.6 -3.5 59.1 -0.4 7.1
Unemployment 49.0 49.5 3.2 0.5 -21.8 1.0 -30.6
Participation rate 72.3 71.8 0.4 -0.5 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.3 0.3 0.1 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 68.5 68.0 0.4 -0.5 2.7 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,237.6 1,241.8 ... 4.2 35.6 0.3 3.0
Labour force 846.4 846.7 4.9 0.3 1.8 0.0 0.2
Employment 805.6 802.7 5.2 -2.9 24.4 -0.4 3.1
Unemployment 40.8 44.1 2.7 3.3 -22.5 8.1 -33.8
Participation rate 68.4 68.2 0.4 -0.2 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.2 0.3 0.4 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 64.6 0.4 -0.5 0.1 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 189.1 189.4 ... 0.3 4.3 0.2 2.3
Labour force 114.0 113.3 1.9 -0.7 -3.1 -0.6 -2.7
Employment 109.2 108.5 2.0 -0.7 -2.8 -0.6 -2.5
Unemployment 4.7 4.9 0.8 0.2 -0.2 4.3 -3.9
Participation rate 60.3 59.8 1.0 -0.5 -3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.3 0.7 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 57.3 1.1 -0.4 -2.8 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 174.5 174.7 ... 0.2 2.8 0.1 1.6
Labour force 118.6 118.7 1.2 0.1 4.3 0.1 3.8
Employment 111.3 112.3 1.2 1.0 7.0 0.9 6.6
Unemployment 7.3 6.4 0.5 -0.9 -2.7 -12.3 -29.7
Participation rate 68.0 67.9 0.7 -0.1 1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 5.4 0.5 -0.8 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 64.3 0.7 0.5 3.0 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,395.4 2,397.7 ... 2.3 37.0 0.1 1.6
Labour force 1,614.8 1,618.3 6.6 3.5 -5.4 0.2 -0.3
Employment 1,542.3 1,546.7 6.6 4.4 25.3 0.3 1.7
Unemployment 72.5 71.6 3.9 -0.9 -30.7 -1.2 -30.0
Participation rate 67.4 67.5 0.3 0.1 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.4 0.2 -0.1 -1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.4 64.5 0.3 0.1 0.1 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 355.8 356.3 ... 0.5 7.4 0.1 2.1
Labour force 224.1 225.6 2.2 1.5 10.3 0.7 4.8
Employment 213.5 216.0 2.3 2.5 10.6 1.2 5.2
Unemployment 10.6 9.6 0.8 -1.0 -0.2 -9.4 -2.0
Participation rate 63.0 63.3 0.6 0.3 1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.0 60.6 0.6 0.6 1.7 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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