Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  July
2022
August
2022
Standard error1 July to August 2022 August 2021 to August 2022 July to August 2022 August 2021 to August 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 184.5 184.9 ... 0.4 3.0 0.2 1.6
Labour force 126.4 125.3 1.0 -1.1 11.7 -0.9 10.3
Employment 118.8 118.7 1.0 -0.1 12.6 -0.1 11.9
Unemployment 7.6 6.6 0.5 -1.0 -0.9 -13.2 -12.0
Participation rate 68.5 67.8 0.5 -0.7 5.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 5.3 0.4 -0.7 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 64.4 64.2 0.5 -0.2 5.9 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 392.6 394.1 ... 1.5 13.8 0.4 3.6
Labour force 266.2 265.6 1.5 -0.6 9.1 -0.2 3.5
Employment 253.2 251.4 1.5 -1.8 13.8 -0.7 5.8
Unemployment 13.1 14.3 0.8 1.2 -4.6 9.2 -24.3
Participation rate 67.8 67.4 0.4 -0.4 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.4 0.3 0.5 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 64.5 63.8 0.4 -0.7 1.3 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 138.1 138.6 ... 0.5 4.6 0.4 3.4
Labour force 90.0 89.2 0.9 -0.8 -5.7 -0.9 -6.0
Employment 85.9 84.6 0.9 -1.3 -4.0 -1.5 -4.5
Unemployment 4.1 4.6 0.5 0.5 -1.7 12.2 -27.0
Participation rate 65.2 64.4 0.6 -0.8 -6.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 5.2 0.5 0.6 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 61.0 0.7 -1.2 -5.1 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 112.6 112.9 ... 0.3 2.4 0.3 2.2
Labour force 68.8 69.2 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.9
Employment 63.4 64.2 0.9 0.8 1.9 1.3 3.0
Unemployment 5.4 5.0 0.4 -0.4 -1.3 -7.4 -20.6
Participation rate 61.1 61.3 0.8 0.2 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.8 7.2 0.6 -0.6 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.3 56.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 135.4 135.4 ... 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Labour force 81.4 82.0 1.2 0.6 5.7 0.7 7.5
Employment 78.7 79.1 1.1 0.4 6.6 0.5 9.1
Unemployment 2.7 2.8 0.3 0.1 -1.0 3.7 -26.3
Participation rate 60.1 60.6 0.9 0.5 4.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.3 3.4 0.4 0.1 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 58.4 0.8 0.3 4.9 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 692.4 693.0 ... 0.6 4.9 0.1 0.7
Labour force 457.8 458.0 3.8 0.2 1.8 0.0 0.4
Employment 444.6 445.3 3.8 0.7 8.7 0.2 2.0
Unemployment 13.2 12.7 1.3 -0.5 -7.0 -3.8 -35.5
Participation rate 66.1 66.1 0.5 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.9 2.8 0.3 -0.1 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 64.2 64.3 0.6 0.1 0.8 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 190.6 190.9 ... 0.3 2.6 0.2 1.4
Labour force 111.3 112.8 1.2 1.5 -6.0 1.3 -5.1
Employment 107.3 109.4 1.2 2.1 -3.6 2.0 -3.2
Unemployment 4.0 3.4 0.4 -0.6 -2.4 -15.0 -41.4
Participation rate 58.4 59.1 0.6 0.7 -4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.6 3.0 0.4 -0.6 -1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 56.3 57.3 0.6 1.0 -2.7 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 137.7 137.8 ... 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.6
Labour force 78.6 79.2 1.1 0.6 -4.3 0.8 -5.1
Employment 76.2 76.6 1.0 0.4 -2.8 0.5 -3.5
Unemployment 2.5 2.7 0.3 0.2 -1.4 8.0 -34.1
Participation rate 57.1 57.5 0.8 0.4 -3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.2 3.4 0.4 0.2 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 55.3 55.6 0.8 0.3 -2.4 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,672.5 3,676.7 ... 4.2 34.9 0.1 1.0
Labour force 2,438.6 2,448.2 9.1 9.6 -7.3 0.4 -0.3
Employment 2,322.7 2,328.2 9.2 5.5 43.6 0.2 1.9
Unemployment 116.0 120.0 5.4 4.0 -50.9 3.4 -29.8
Participation rate 66.4 66.6 0.2 0.2 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.9 0.2 0.1 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 63.2 63.3 0.3 0.1 0.6 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,236.0 1,237.9 ... 1.9 25.3 0.2 2.1
Labour force 826.1 819.3 5.3 -6.8 -3.7 -0.8 -0.4
Employment 796.9 791.4 5.5 -5.5 15.1 -0.7 1.9
Unemployment 29.2 27.9 2.2 -1.3 -18.8 -4.5 -40.3
Participation rate 66.8 66.2 0.4 -0.6 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.4 0.3 -0.1 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 64.5 63.9 0.4 -0.6 -0.1 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 290.0 290.4 ... 0.4 3.7 0.1 1.3
Labour force 195.0 194.3 1.6 -0.7 6.4 -0.4 3.4
Employment 188.2 187.5 1.6 -0.7 8.6 -0.4 4.8
Unemployment 6.8 6.9 0.6 0.1 -2.1 1.5 -23.3
Participation rate 67.2 66.9 0.6 -0.3 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.6 0.3 0.1 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.9 64.6 0.5 -0.3 2.2 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 946.0 947.5 ... 1.5 21.6 0.2 2.3
Labour force 631.1 624.9 5.0 -6.2 -10.2 -1.0 -1.6
Employment 608.7 603.9 5.2 -4.8 6.5 -0.8 1.1
Unemployment 22.4 21.0 2.1 -1.4 -16.7 -6.3 -44.3
Participation rate 66.7 66.0 0.5 -0.7 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.4 0.3 -0.1 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 63.7 0.6 -0.6 -0.8 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 148.1 148.5 ... 0.4 3.8 0.3 2.6
Labour force 92.9 94.7 0.9 1.8 8.2 1.9 9.5
Employment 87.9 90.0 1.0 2.1 9.9 2.4 12.4
Unemployment 5.0 4.7 0.4 -0.3 -1.6 -6.0 -25.4
Participation rate 62.7 63.8 0.6 1.1 4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.0 0.5 -0.4 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.4 60.6 0.7 1.2 5.2 ... ...
Belleville, Ontario              
Population 98.7 100.6 ... 1.9 8.1 1.9 8.8
Labour force 63.2 63.4 3.2 0.2 13.0 0.3 25.8
Employment 61.0 60.2 3.2 -0.8 13.2 -1.3 28.1
Unemployment 2.3 3.2 0.8 0.9 -0.2 39.1 -5.9
Participation rate 64.0 63.0 2.7 -1.0 8.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.6 5.0 1.7 1.4 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 59.8 2.7 -2.0 9.0 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 114.5 114.6 ... 0.1 1.4 0.1 1.2
Labour force 72.5 71.0 1.7 -1.5 3.1 -2.1 4.6
Employment 68.1 66.8 1.7 -1.3 3.1 -1.9 4.9
Unemployment 4.4 4.2 0.6 -0.2 0.0 -4.5 0.0
Participation rate 63.3 62.0 1.5 -1.3 2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 5.9 0.9 -0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 58.3 1.5 -1.2 2.0 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 351.3 351.7 ... 0.4 6.0 0.1 1.7
Labour force 239.2 237.9 2.2 -1.3 13.9 -0.5 6.2
Employment 227.8 225.5 2.4 -2.3 19.6 -1.0 9.5
Unemployment 11.4 12.3 1.1 0.9 -5.9 7.9 -32.4
Participation rate 68.1 67.6 0.6 -0.5 2.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.2 0.5 0.4 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.8 64.1 0.7 -0.7 4.5 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,655.9 5,663.1 ... 7.2 93.4 0.1 1.7
Labour force 3,807.2 3,793.4 12.4 -13.8 46.5 -0.4 1.2
Employment 3,582.2 3,570.7 12.4 -11.5 168.1 -0.3 4.9
Unemployment 224.9 222.8 7.7 -2.1 -121.4 -0.9 -35.3
Participation rate 67.3 67.0 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.9 0.2 0.0 -3.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.3 63.1 0.2 -0.2 2.0 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 673.1 673.5 ... 0.4 6.6 0.1 1.0
Labour force 436.3 438.2 3.6 1.9 -2.5 0.4 -0.6
Employment 417.5 419.5 3.7 2.0 9.5 0.5 2.3
Unemployment 18.8 18.7 1.6 -0.1 -12.0 -0.5 -39.1
Participation rate 64.8 65.1 0.5 0.3 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.3 0.4 0.0 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 62.3 0.6 0.3 0.8 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 376.2 376.4 ... 0.2 3.3 0.1 0.9
Labour force 229.7 226.1 2.7 -3.6 4.9 -1.6 2.2
Employment 218.5 213.0 2.9 -5.5 15.4 -2.5 7.8
Unemployment 11.2 13.1 1.2 1.9 -10.4 17.0 -44.3
Participation rate 61.1 60.1 0.7 -1.0 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.8 0.5 0.9 -4.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 56.6 0.8 -1.5 3.6 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 509.0 509.7 ... 0.7 9.3 0.1 1.9
Labour force 353.3 356.1 2.7 2.8 12.5 0.8 3.6
Employment 335.2 337.0 2.7 1.8 16.0 0.5 5.0
Unemployment 18.1 19.1 1.3 1.0 -3.4 5.5 -15.1
Participation rate 69.4 69.9 0.5 0.5 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.4 0.4 0.3 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.9 66.1 0.5 0.2 2.0 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 120.6 120.7 ... 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 79.5 81.2 1.0 1.7 2.7 2.1 3.4
Employment 76.7 78.0 1.0 1.3 3.9 1.7 5.3
Unemployment 2.7 3.1 0.4 0.4 -1.3 14.8 -29.5
Participation rate 65.9 67.3 0.8 1.4 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.4 3.8 0.5 0.4 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 63.6 64.6 0.9 1.0 2.4 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 143.0 143.2 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.8
Labour force 100.4 98.1 1.3 -2.3 -1.8 -2.3 -1.8
Employment 97.2 95.2 1.4 -2.0 2.6 -2.1 2.8
Unemployment 3.2 3.0 0.6 -0.2 -4.3 -6.3 -58.9
Participation rate 70.2 68.5 0.9 -1.7 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.2 3.1 0.6 -0.1 -4.2 ... ...
Employment rate 68.0 66.5 1.0 -1.5 0.7 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 475.9 476.5 ... 0.6 8.2 0.1 1.8
Labour force 314.2 313.3 2.7 -0.9 5.3 -0.3 1.7
Employment 294.9 292.7 2.8 -2.2 7.9 -0.7 2.8
Unemployment 19.3 20.6 1.3 1.3 -2.6 6.7 -11.2
Participation rate 66.0 65.8 0.6 -0.2 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.6 0.4 0.5 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.4 0.6 -0.6 0.6 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 308.6 308.9 ... 0.3 3.6 0.1 1.2
Labour force 181.8 178.7 2.5 -3.1 -5.1 -1.7 -2.8
Employment 169.9 165.3 2.6 -4.6 0.7 -2.7 0.4
Unemployment 11.8 13.4 1.2 1.6 -5.8 13.6 -30.2
Participation rate 58.9 57.9 0.8 -1.0 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 7.5 0.6 1.0 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 55.1 53.5 0.8 -1.6 -0.4 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 183.9 184.0 ... 0.1 2.5 0.1 1.4
Labour force 128.9 127.8 2.0 -1.1 4.3 -0.9 3.5
Employment 121.9 121.4 2.1 -0.5 6.9 -0.4 6.0
Unemployment 7.0 6.4 1.1 -0.6 -2.6 -8.6 -28.9
Participation rate 70.1 69.5 1.1 -0.6 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.0 0.9 -0.4 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 66.3 66.0 1.2 -0.3 2.9 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 146.0 146.0 ... 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.3
Labour force 89.2 88.3 1.1 -0.9 -0.2 -1.0 -0.2
Employment 85.3 84.8 1.0 -0.5 3.9 -0.6 4.8
Unemployment 4.0 3.5 0.4 -0.5 -4.1 -12.5 -53.9
Participation rate 61.1 60.5 0.7 -0.6 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.0 0.5 -0.5 -4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 58.1 0.7 -0.3 2.5 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 106.6 106.6 ... 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2
Labour force 65.3 64.3 0.7 -1.0 -0.7 -1.5 -1.1
Employment 62.3 61.2 0.6 -1.1 0.1 -1.8 0.2
Unemployment 3.0 3.1 0.3 0.1 -0.9 3.3 -22.5
Participation rate 61.3 60.3 0.6 -1.0 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.8 0.4 0.2 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 57.4 0.6 -1.0 0.0 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 713.2 714.2 ... 1.0 10.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 478.7 479.7 1.6 1.0 2.5 0.2 0.5
Employment 458.7 459.1 1.7 0.4 15.2 0.1 3.4
Unemployment 20.1 20.7 0.9 0.6 -12.7 3.0 -38.0
Participation rate 67.1 67.2 0.2 0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.3 0.2 0.1 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 64.3 0.2 0.0 1.2 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 219.7 220.2 ... 0.5 4.3 0.2 2.0
Labour force 147.8 144.7 1.1 -3.1 -4.6 -2.1 -3.1
Employment 142.0 138.2 1.2 -3.8 -1.8 -2.7 -1.3
Unemployment 5.8 6.4 0.6 0.6 -2.9 10.3 -31.2
Participation rate 67.3 65.7 0.5 -1.6 -3.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.4 0.4 0.5 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 62.8 0.5 -1.8 -2.0 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 279.8 280.6 ... 0.8 6.8 0.3 2.5
Labour force 200.9 200.4 1.3 -0.5 14.1 -0.2 7.6
Employment 192.3 192.5 1.3 0.2 20.8 0.1 12.1
Unemployment 8.6 7.9 0.6 -0.7 -6.7 -8.1 -45.9
Participation rate 71.8 71.4 0.5 -0.4 3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 3.9 0.3 -0.4 -3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 68.7 68.6 0.5 -0.1 5.9 ... ...
Lethbridge, Alberta              
Population 107.4 107.7 ... 0.3 2.5 0.3 2.4
Labour force 70.9 70.9 1.1 0.0 2.2 0.0 3.2
Employment 67.1 67.1 1.1 0.0 1.5 0.0 2.3
Unemployment 3.9 3.9 0.5 0.0 0.8 0.0 25.8
Participation rate 66.0 65.8 1.0 -0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.5 0.7 0.0 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 62.5 62.3 1.0 -0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,295.1 1,298.6 ... 3.5 32.2 0.3 2.5
Labour force 934.9 940.9 5.4 6.0 46.0 0.6 5.1
Employment 887.8 894.8 5.6 7.0 82.9 0.8 10.2
Unemployment 47.1 46.1 3.2 -1.0 -36.9 -2.1 -44.5
Participation rate 72.2 72.5 0.4 0.3 1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.9 0.3 -0.1 -4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 68.6 68.9 0.4 0.3 4.8 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,230.5 1,233.9 ... 3.4 31.8 0.3 2.6
Labour force 851.0 846.8 4.9 -4.2 7.4 -0.5 0.9
Employment 807.7 805.4 5.2 -2.3 33.4 -0.3 4.3
Unemployment 43.3 41.4 2.7 -1.9 -26.0 -4.4 -38.6
Participation rate 69.2 68.6 0.4 -0.6 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 4.9 0.3 -0.2 -3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.6 65.3 0.4 -0.3 1.1 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 188.6 188.9 ... 0.3 4.8 0.2 2.6
Labour force 117.8 116.4 1.9 -1.4 0.3 -1.2 0.3
Employment 113.1 111.9 2.0 -1.2 1.9 -1.1 1.7
Unemployment 4.7 4.5 0.8 -0.2 -1.6 -4.3 -26.2
Participation rate 62.5 61.6 1.0 -0.9 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 3.9 0.7 -0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 60.0 59.2 1.1 -0.8 -0.6 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 174.2 174.4 ... 0.2 3.2 0.1 1.9
Labour force 116.6 117.3 1.2 0.7 1.3 0.6 1.1
Employment 110.9 110.4 1.2 -0.5 1.2 -0.5 1.1
Unemployment 5.7 6.8 0.5 1.1 0.0 19.3 0.0
Participation rate 66.9 67.3 0.7 0.4 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.8 0.5 0.9 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 63.7 63.3 0.7 -0.4 -0.5 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,390.9 2,393.3 ... 2.4 41.6 0.1 1.8
Labour force 1,614.5 1,612.0 6.6 -2.5 -13.8 -0.2 -0.8
Employment 1,538.5 1,534.7 6.6 -3.8 23.4 -0.2 1.5
Unemployment 76.0 77.3 3.9 1.3 -37.2 1.7 -32.5
Participation rate 67.5 67.4 0.3 -0.1 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.8 0.2 0.1 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 64.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 354.8 355.3 ... 0.5 8.3 0.1 2.4
Labour force 224.6 224.7 2.2 0.1 6.2 0.0 2.8
Employment 214.8 213.8 2.3 -1.0 4.7 -0.5 2.2
Unemployment 9.7 10.9 0.8 1.2 1.5 12.4 16.0
Participation rate 63.3 63.2 0.6 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.9 0.4 0.6 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.5 60.2 0.6 -0.3 -0.1 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: