Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in June 2021 and June 2022, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in June 2021 and June 2022, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2021 31,267.0 20,407.9 18,767.5 1,640.4 65.3 8.0 60.0
2022 31,704.8 20,789.5 19,727.2 1,062.3 65.6 5.1 62.2
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2021 445.0 256.7 221.3 35.4 57.7 13.8 49.7
2022 447.7 258.5 230.7 27.8 57.7 10.8 51.5
Avalon Peninsula              
2021 236.8 141.0 126.1 14.9 59.5 10.6 53.3
2022 239.2 149.2 137.3 12.0 62.4 8.0 57.4
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2021 121.0 63.4 51.8 11.6 52.4 18.3 42.8
2022 121.0 59.3 50.8 8.5 49.0 14.3 42.0
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2021 87.2 52.3 43.4 8.9 60.0 17.0 49.8
2022 87.5 50.0 42.6 7.3 57.1 14.6 48.7
Prince Edward Island              
2021 133.6 88.5 80.0 8.6 66.2 9.7 59.9
2022 138.7 94.0 87.5 6.5 67.8 6.9 63.1
Nova Scotia              
2021 818.8 505.3 460.2 45.1 61.7 8.9 56.2
2022 836.7 517.8 484.6 33.2 61.9 6.4 57.9
Cape Breton              
2021 108.9 55.0 47.2 7.8 50.5 14.2 43.3
2022 109.7 59.6 51.9 7.7 54.3 12.9 47.3
North Shore              
2021 127.1 75.1 69.5 5.6 59.1 7.5 54.7
2022 128.7 73.5 67.5 6.0 57.1 8.2 52.4
Annapolis Valley              
2021 106.0 62.7 57.4 5.3 59.2 8.5 54.2
2022 108.0 66.2 63.0 3.2 61.3 4.8 58.3
Southern              
2021 98.0 56.1 52.2 3.9 57.2 7.0 53.3
2022 99.1 54.5 50.6 4.0 55.0 7.3 51.1
Halifax              
2021 378.7 256.5 233.9 22.6 67.7 8.8 61.8
2022 391.3 263.9 251.7 12.3 67.4 4.7 64.3
New Brunswick              
2021 649.3 402.7 365.4 37.3 62.0 9.3 56.3
2022 661.2 402.1 374.7 27.3 60.8 6.8 56.7
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2021 130.8 72.3 62.9 9.4 55.3 13.0 48.1
2022 131.6 70.1 62.5 7.7 53.3 11.0 47.5
Moncton–Richibucto              
2021 189.4 126.7 115.5 11.2 66.9 8.8 61.0
2022 194.4 124.6 118.2 6.5 64.1 5.2 60.8
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2021 146.5 90.9 83.5 7.4 62.0 8.1 57.0
2022 149.0 90.8 85.0 5.8 60.9 6.4 57.0
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2021 118.3 76.7 70.1 6.6 64.8 8.6 59.3
2022 121.1 78.5 73.4 5.1 64.8 6.5 60.6
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2021 64.4 36.1 33.4 2.6 56.1 7.2 51.9
2022 65.0 38.0 35.7 2.3 58.5 6.1 54.9
Quebec              
2021 7,091.8 4,567.8 4,274.8 293.0 64.4 6.4 60.3
2022 7,144.0 4,582.0 4,394.4 187.7 64.1 4.1 61.5
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2021 76.3 38.7 34.4 4.3 50.7 11.1 45.1
2022 76.3 38.5 35.5 3.0 50.5 7.8 46.5
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2021 165.7 92.7 87.8 4.9 55.9 5.3 53.0
2022 165.6 93.1 89.8 3.3 56.2 3.5 54.2
Capitale-Nationale              
2021 625.0 399.1 378.0 21.1 63.9 5.3 60.5
2022 627.9 408.0 395.6 12.4 65.0 3.0 63.0
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2021 356.4 223.3 215.1 8.1 62.7 3.6 60.4
2022 358.7 232.9 228.3 4.5 64.9 1.9 63.6
Estrie              
2021 278.3 169.9 161.7 8.2 61.0 4.8 58.1
2022 281.0 163.3 158.4 4.9 58.1 3.0 56.4
Centre-du-Québec              
2021 207.4 134.7 129.4 5.3 64.9 3.9 62.4
2022 209.2 136.8 133.6 3.3 65.4 2.4 63.9
Montérégie              
2021 1,314.1 860.5 813.2 47.3 65.5 5.5 61.9
2022 1,329.3 858.6 827.1 31.5 64.6 3.7 62.2
Montréal              
2021 1,762.3 1,190.5 1,077.5 113.0 67.6 9.5 61.1
2022 1,769.2 1,185.8 1,117.1 68.7 67.0 5.8 63.1
Laval              
2021 365.6 245.0 227.7 17.3 67.0 7.1 62.3
2022 369.0 234.6 223.4 11.3 63.6 4.8 60.5
Lanaudière              
2021 426.3 275.1 264.7 10.4 64.5 3.8 62.1
2022 430.9 295.4 287.2 8.2 68.6 2.8 66.7
Laurentides              
2021 525.5 332.8 314.1 18.7 63.3 5.6 59.8
2022 533.6 338.7 322.6 16.1 63.5 4.8 60.5
Outaouais              
2021 328.8 208.8 196.1 12.7 63.5 6.1 59.6
2022 332.6 218.5 212.4 6.1 65.7 2.8 63.9
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2021 118.4 78.5 75.2 3.3 66.3 4.2 63.5
2022 118.4 76.9 74.2 2.7 64.9 3.5 62.7
Mauricie              
2021 227.2 132.5 124.9 7.6 58.3 5.7 55.0
2022 227.8 120.1 115.9 4.2 52.7 3.5 50.9
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2021 228.9 132.9 124.2 8.6 58.1 6.5 54.3
2022 228.8 129.8 124.1 5.6 56.7 4.3 54.2
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2021 85.5 52.9 50.7 2.2 61.9 4.2 59.3
2022 85.7 51.2 49.3 1.9 59.7 3.7 57.5
Ontario              
2021 12,317.5 7,992.8 7,273.4 719.4 64.9 9.0 59.0
2022 12,495.5 8,214.3 7,769.2 445.2 65.7 5.4 62.2
Ottawa              
2021 1,198.0 818.3 752.1 66.2 68.3 8.1 62.8
2022 1,218.7 805.8 770.5 35.4 66.1 4.4 63.2
Kingston–Pembroke              
2021 396.1 225.8 205.1 20.7 57.0 9.2 51.8
2022 401.4 247.5 238.0 9.5 61.7 3.8 59.3
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2021 348.5 204.0 191.6 12.3 58.5 6.0 55.0
2022 352.9 197.1 187.7 9.4 55.9 4.8 53.2
Toronto              
2021 5,814.9 3,839.9 3,457.8 382.1 66.0 10.0 59.5
2022 5,903.6 3,998.7 3,746.9 251.8 67.7 6.3 63.5
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2021 1,213.8 824.0 761.8 62.2 67.9 7.5 62.8
2022 1,237.3 841.1 802.3 38.9 68.0 4.6 64.8
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2021 1,277.3 807.3 736.0 71.3 63.2 8.8 57.6
2022 1,292.5 829.6 792.4 37.2 64.2 4.5 61.3
London              
2021 609.7 406.9 368.8 38.1 66.7 9.4 60.5
2022 620.1 417.6 393.3 24.3 67.3 5.8 63.4
Windsor–Sarnia              
2021 559.5 331.7 298.4 33.3 59.3 10.0 53.3
2022 564.2 327.2 311.8 15.4 58.0 4.7 55.3
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2021 264.6 165.6 159.3 6.3 62.6 3.8 60.2
2022 268.5 171.2 164.2 6.9 63.8 4.0 61.2
Northeast              
2021 461.5 262.5 243.7 18.9 56.9 7.2 52.8
2022 462.4 274.6 263.1 11.5 59.4 4.2 56.9
Northwest              
2021 173.6 106.8 98.7 8.1 61.5 7.6 56.9
2022 174.0 103.8 99.0 4.7 59.7 4.5 56.9
Manitoba              
2021 1,050.6 708.5 657.6 50.8 67.4 7.2 62.6
2022 1,061.7 707.0 675.1 31.9 66.6 4.5 63.6
Southeast              
2021 99.1 65.5 61.5 4.0 66.1 6.1 62.1
2022 100.8 67.0 63.6 3.4 66.5 5.1 63.1
South Central and North Central              
2021 91.1 58.9 54.6 4.3 64.7 7.3 59.9
2022 92.3 61.0 59.0 2.0 66.1 3.3 63.9
Southwest              
2021 90.5 60.0 56.5 3.5 66.3 5.8 62.4
2022 90.9 59.0 56.8 2.1 64.9 3.6 62.5
Winnipeg              
2021 639.4 441.8 407.4 34.4 69.1 7.8 63.7
2022 646.5 440.4 419.6 20.8 68.1 4.7 64.9
Interlake              
2021 76.4 48.9 46.1 2.8 64.0 5.7 60.3
2022 77.1 47.3 45.0 2.3 61.3 4.9 58.4
Parklands and North              
2021 54.1 33.4 31.7 1.7 61.7 5.1 58.6
2022 54.1 32.3 31.0 1.2 59.7 3.7 57.3
Saskatchewan              
2021 889.3 602.8 562.9 39.9 67.8 6.6 63.3
2022 897.2 612.5 582.9 29.6 68.3 4.8 65.0
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2021 275.8 194.6 180.7 13.9 70.6 7.1 65.5
2022 279.1 189.9 180.0 9.9 68.0 5.2 64.5
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2021 82.9 57.4 53.5 3.9 69.2 6.8 64.5
2022 82.8 53.9 51.0 2.8 65.1 5.2 61.6
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2021 312.5 212.5 197.6 14.9 68.0 7.0 63.2
2022 317.7 228.6 218.8 9.8 72.0 4.3 68.9
Yorkton–Melville              
2021 61.9 36.0 34.5 1.5 58.2 4.2 55.7
2022 61.4 38.7 37.4 1.3 63.0 3.4 60.9
Prince Albert and Northern              
2021 156.2 102.3 96.6 5.7 65.5 5.6 61.8
2022 156.3 101.5 95.7 5.8 64.9 5.7 61.2
Alberta              
2021 3,536.4 2,452.2 2,232.4 219.8 69.3 9.0 63.1
2022 3,601.3 2,507.9 2,372.6 135.3 69.6 5.4 65.9
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2021 239.2 148.3 139.9 8.4 62.0 5.7 58.5
2022 241.8 156.3 148.6 7.8 64.6 5.0 61.5
Camrose–Drumheller              
2021 161.9 108.5 101.3 7.1 67.0 6.5 62.6
2022 162.4 105.3 100.9 4.3 64.8 4.1 62.1
Calgary              
2021 1,351.7 936.7 851.0 85.6 69.3 9.1 63.0
2022 1,380.3 986.5 934.4 52.1 71.5 5.3 67.7
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2021 274.3 195.2 177.8 17.4 71.2 8.9 64.8
2022 276.9 193.0 184.3 8.7 69.7 4.5 66.6
Red Deer              
2021 176.0 125.1 112.3 12.7 71.1 10.2 63.8
2022 178.8 111.2 103.5 7.7 62.2 6.9 57.9
Edmonton              
2021 1,229.0 859.8 776.4 83.4 70.0 9.7 63.2
2022 1,256.0 874.9 824.7 50.2 69.7 5.7 65.7
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2021 104.4 78.7 73.6 5.2 75.4 6.6 70.5
2022 105.2 80.7 76.2 4.4 76.7 5.5 72.4
British Columbia              
2021 4,334.7 2,830.6 2,639.5 191.1 65.3 6.8 60.9
2022 4,420.8 2,893.4 2,755.6 137.7 65.4 4.8 62.3
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2021 744.1 435.5 410.9 24.6 58.5 5.6 55.2
2022 761.8 453.3 435.1 18.3 59.5 4.0 57.1
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2021 2,683.1 1,825.7 1,694.5 131.2 68.0 7.2 63.2
2022 2,733.9 1,852.3 1,764.3 88.0 67.8 4.8 64.5
Thompson–Okanagan              
2021 504.9 300.1 280.6 19.4 59.4 6.5 55.6
2022 516.2 326.3 307.4 18.8 63.2 5.8 59.6
Kootenay              
2021 138.3 88.7 83.7 5.0 64.1 5.6 60.5
2022 140.7 86.6 83.3 3.3 61.5 3.8 59.2
Cariboo              
2021 140.4 94.0 88.3 5.7 67.0 6.1 62.9
2022 142.9 96.2 90.5 5.7 67.3 5.9 63.3
North Coast and Nechako              
2021 68.9 47.6 44.0 3.6 69.1 7.6 63.9
2022 69.7 40.8 39.1 1.7 58.5 4.2 56.1
Northeast              
2021 54.9 38.9 37.5 1.5 70.9 3.9 68.3
2022 55.6 37.9 36.0 1.9 68.2 5.0 64.7
Source(s):
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