Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  May
2022
June
2022
Standard error1 May to June 2022 June 2021 to June 2022 May to June 2022 June 2021 to June 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,144.0 7,151.2 ... 7.2 57.6 0.1 0.8
Labour force 4,577.6 4,551.5 17.9 -26.1 -18.2 -0.6 -0.4
Employment 4,384.6 4,357.6 18.4 -27.0 70.6 -0.6 1.6
Full-time employment 3,606.5 3,566.4 24.1 -40.1 66.4 -1.1 1.9
Unemployment 192.9 193.9 15.8 1.0 -88.8 0.5 -31.4
Participation rate 64.1 63.6 0.3 -0.5 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.3 0.3 0.1 -1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 60.9 0.3 -0.5 0.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 906.1 906.9 ... 0.8 1.4 0.1 0.2
Labour force 623.2 613.3 9.7 -9.9 -25.9 -1.6 -4.1
Employment 580.1 568.8 10.1 -11.3 -16.8 -1.9 -2.9
Unemployment 43.1 44.4 8.4 1.3 -9.2 3.0 -17.2
Participation rate 68.8 67.6 1.1 -1.2 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.9 7.2 1.3 0.3 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.0 62.7 1.1 -1.3 -2.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,096.5 3,099.9 ... 3.4 29.4 0.1 1.0
Labour force 2,087.7 2,078.9 10.0 -8.8 -21.7 -0.4 -1.0
Employment 2,002.9 1,998.6 10.6 -4.3 22.8 -0.2 1.2
Unemployment 84.8 80.3 9.9 -4.5 -44.4 -5.3 -35.6
Participation rate 67.4 67.1 0.3 -0.3 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 3.9 0.5 -0.2 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 64.7 64.5 0.3 -0.2 0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,141.4 3,144.3 ... 2.9 26.7 0.1 0.9
Labour force 1,866.7 1,859.4 10.1 -7.3 29.5 -0.4 1.6
Employment 1,801.7 1,790.2 10.2 -11.5 64.6 -0.6 3.7
Unemployment 65.0 69.2 8.7 4.2 -35.2 6.5 -33.7
Participation rate 59.4 59.1 0.3 -0.3 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.7 0.5 0.2 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.4 56.9 0.3 -0.5 1.5 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,495.6 12,508.5 ... 12.9 184.5 0.1 1.5
Labour force 8,186.8 8,129.5 26.7 -57.3 167.1 -0.7 2.1
Employment 7,739.1 7,714.4 26.7 -24.7 403.2 -0.3 5.5
Full-time employment 6,337.1 6,365.0 33.2 27.9 365.4 0.4 6.1
Unemployment 447.7 415.1 24.3 -32.6 -236.1 -7.3 -36.3
Participation rate 65.5 65.0 0.2 -0.5 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.1 0.3 -0.4 -3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 61.7 0.2 -0.2 2.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,853.8 1,854.3 ... 0.5 -1.0 0.0 -0.1
Labour force 1,167.3 1,139.8 15.8 -27.5 40.3 -2.4 3.7
Employment 1,034.1 1,020.5 15.2 -13.6 95.3 -1.3 10.3
Unemployment 133.3 119.4 14.2 -13.9 -55.0 -10.4 -31.5
Participation rate 63.0 61.5 0.9 -1.5 2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.4 10.5 1.2 -0.9 -5.4 ... ...
Employment rate 55.8 55.0 0.8 -0.8 5.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,180.2 5,186.6 ... 6.4 94.3 0.1 1.9
Labour force 3,699.0 3,690.2 13.4 -8.8 48.0 -0.2 1.3
Employment 3,536.4 3,536.3 14.7 -0.1 163.1 -0.0 4.8
Unemployment 162.5 153.9 13.5 -8.6 -115.0 -5.3 -42.8
Participation rate 71.4 71.1 0.3 -0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.2 0.4 -0.2 -3.2 ... ...
Employment rate 68.3 68.2 0.3 -0.1 2.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,461.7 5,467.7 ... 6.0 91.4 0.1 1.7
Labour force 3,320.5 3,299.5 15.1 -21.0 78.8 -0.6 2.4
Employment 3,168.6 3,157.7 15.1 -10.9 144.9 -0.3 4.8
Unemployment 151.9 141.8 13.2 -10.1 -66.1 -6.6 -31.8
Participation rate 60.8 60.3 0.3 -0.5 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.3 0.4 -0.3 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 57.8 0.3 -0.2 1.8 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,061.9 1,063.1 ... 1.2 12.7 0.1 1.2
Labour force 699.5 697.1 3.1 -2.4 0.0 -0.3 0.0
Employment 666.7 670.7 3.1 4.0 23.4 0.6 3.6
Full-time employment 532.7 541.9 4.4 9.2 12.8 1.7 2.4
Unemployment 32.8 26.5 2.7 -6.3 -23.3 -19.2 -46.8
Participation rate 65.9 65.6 0.3 -0.3 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 3.8 0.4 -0.9 -3.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.8 63.1 0.3 0.3 1.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.6 167.6 ... 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1
Labour force 114.1 114.4 1.8 0.3 2.2 0.3 2.0
Employment 102.1 105.5 1.8 3.4 7.2 3.3 7.3
Unemployment 11.9 8.9 1.6 -3.0 -5.0 -25.2 -36.0
Participation rate 68.1 68.3 1.1 0.2 1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.4 7.8 1.4 -2.6 -4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 62.9 1.0 2.0 4.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 439.4 440.1 ... 0.7 6.8 0.2 1.6
Labour force 308.8 308.8 1.7 0.0 -4.8 0.0 -1.5
Employment 297.9 299.4 1.7 1.5 4.4 0.5 1.5
Unemployment 10.9 9.4 1.5 -1.5 -9.3 -13.8 -49.7
Participation rate 70.3 70.2 0.4 -0.1 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.0 0.5 -0.5 -3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 67.8 68.0 0.4 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 454.8 455.4 ... 0.6 5.6 0.1 1.2
Labour force 276.6 273.9 1.7 -2.7 2.6 -1.0 1.0
Employment 266.6 265.8 1.7 -0.8 11.7 -0.3 4.6
Unemployment 9.9 8.1 1.4 -1.8 -9.1 -18.2 -52.9
Participation rate 60.8 60.1 0.4 -0.7 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.6 3.0 0.5 -0.6 -3.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.6 58.4 0.4 -0.2 1.9 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 897.2 898.7 ... 1.5 9.6 0.2 1.1
Labour force 607.1 601.4 3.2 -5.7 5.3 -0.9 0.9
Employment 578.1 577.8 3.1 -0.3 21.0 -0.1 3.8
Full-time employment 470.5 470.2 4.4 -0.3 22.8 -0.1 5.1
Unemployment 29.0 23.6 2.6 -5.4 -15.7 -18.6 -39.9
Participation rate 67.7 66.9 0.4 -0.8 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 3.9 0.4 -0.9 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 64.4 64.3 0.3 -0.1 1.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 135.3 135.5 ... 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.9
Labour force 90.9 89.6 1.9 -1.3 3.4 -1.4 3.9
Employment 80.6 83.1 1.7 2.5 5.7 3.1 7.4
Unemployment 10.3 6.5 1.5 -3.8 -2.3 -36.9 -26.1
Participation rate 67.2 66.1 1.4 -1.1 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.3 7.3 1.6 -4.0 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 59.6 61.3 1.3 1.7 3.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 380.7 381.4 ... 0.7 4.7 0.2 1.2
Labour force 280.2 276.8 1.7 -3.4 1.0 -1.2 0.4
Employment 268.4 264.7 1.8 -3.7 7.4 -1.4 2.9
Unemployment 11.8 12.1 1.6 0.3 -6.4 2.5 -34.6
Participation rate 73.6 72.6 0.5 -1.0 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.4 0.6 0.2 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 70.5 69.4 0.5 -1.1 1.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 381.2 381.8 ... 0.6 3.8 0.2 1.0
Labour force 236.0 235.1 1.8 -0.9 1.0 -0.4 0.4
Employment 229.1 230.0 1.8 0.9 7.9 0.4 3.6
Unemployment 6.9 5.1 1.3 -1.8 -6.9 -26.1 -57.5
Participation rate 61.9 61.6 0.5 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.9 2.2 0.5 -0.7 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 60.1 60.2 0.5 0.1 1.4 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,601.7 3,609.0 ... 7.3 71.3 0.2 2.0
Labour force 2,497.3 2,490.2 12.2 -7.1 51.8 -0.3 2.1
Employment 2,365.7 2,367.7 12.3 2.0 147.4 0.1 6.6
Full-time employment 1,940.8 1,934.4 16.5 -6.4 155.3 -0.3 8.7
Unemployment 131.6 122.5 10.9 -9.1 -95.6 -6.9 -43.8
Participation rate 69.3 69.0 0.3 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 4.9 0.4 -0.4 -4.0 ... ...
Employment rate 65.7 65.6 0.3 -0.1 2.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 531.8 532.9 ... 1.1 10.5 0.2 2.0
Labour force 352.0 352.4 6.8 0.4 30.4 0.1 9.4
Employment 312.9 316.3 6.2 3.4 48.9 1.1 18.3
Unemployment 39.1 36.0 5.9 -3.1 -18.6 -7.9 -34.1
Participation rate 66.2 66.1 1.3 -0.1 4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.1 10.2 1.7 -0.9 -6.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 59.4 1.2 0.6 8.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,526.0 1,529.2 ... 3.2 29.6 0.2 2.0
Labour force 1,142.4 1,133.7 6.0 -8.7 -5.6 -0.8 -0.5
Employment 1,091.0 1,082.8 7.0 -8.2 27.9 -0.8 2.6
Unemployment 51.4 50.9 6.2 -0.5 -33.5 -1.0 -39.7
Participation rate 74.9 74.1 0.4 -0.8 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.5 0.5 0.0 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 71.5 70.8 0.5 -0.7 0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,543.8 1,547.0 ... 3.2 31.3 0.2 2.1
Labour force 1,002.9 1,004.1 7.4 1.2 27.0 0.1 2.8
Employment 961.9 968.5 7.2 6.6 70.5 0.7 7.9
Unemployment 41.1 35.6 6.3 -5.5 -43.5 -13.4 -55.0
Participation rate 65.0 64.9 0.5 -0.1 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 3.5 0.6 -0.6 -4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 62.6 0.5 0.3 3.4 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,421.0 4,426.1 ... 5.1 85.8 0.1 2.0
Labour force 2,869.5 2,879.2 14.0 9.7 37.2 0.3 1.3
Employment 2,740.9 2,747.0 13.3 6.1 86.8 0.2 3.3
Full-time employment 2,170.7 2,179.6 20.1 8.9 119.9 0.4 5.8
Unemployment 128.6 132.2 11.8 3.6 -49.7 2.8 -27.3
Participation rate 64.9 65.1 0.3 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.6 0.4 0.1 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 62.1 0.3 0.1 0.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 601.6 601.5 ... -0.1 2.4 -0.0 0.4
Labour force 386.1 392.6 8.6 6.5 -5.8 1.7 -1.5
Employment 358.9 363.2 7.8 4.3 -1.9 1.2 -0.5
Unemployment 27.2 29.4 7.2 2.2 -3.9 8.1 -11.7
Participation rate 64.2 65.3 1.4 1.1 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.5 1.7 0.5 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 60.4 1.3 0.7 -0.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,859.5 1,862.1 ... 2.6 40.9 0.1 2.2
Labour force 1,296.4 1,296.0 6.9 -0.4 12.2 -0.0 1.0
Employment 1,241.8 1,243.9 7.2 2.1 41.0 0.2 3.4
Unemployment 54.6 52.1 6.7 -2.5 -28.8 -4.6 -35.6
Participation rate 69.7 69.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.0 0.5 -0.2 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 66.8 66.8 0.4 0.0 0.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,959.9 1,962.5 ... 2.6 42.5 0.1 2.2
Labour force 1,187.0 1,190.6 7.6 3.6 30.8 0.3 2.7
Employment 1,140.2 1,139.9 7.6 -0.3 47.8 -0.0 4.4
Unemployment 46.8 50.7 6.3 3.9 -17.0 8.3 -25.1
Participation rate 60.6 60.7 0.4 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.3 0.5 0.4 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 58.1 0.4 -0.1 1.2 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Date modified: