Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  March
2022
April
2022
Standard error1 March to April 2022 April 2021 to April 2022 March to April 2022 April 2021 to April 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,131.7 7,136.8 ... 5.1 46.6 0.1 0.7
Labour force 4,596.1 4,559.1 17.9 -37.0 27.3 -0.8 0.6
Employment 4,406.0 4,379.5 18.4 -26.5 143.2 -0.6 3.4
Full-time employment 3,600.2 3,570.4 24.1 -29.8 58.7 -0.8 1.7
Unemployment 190.0 179.6 15.8 -10.4 -115.9 -5.5 -39.2
Participation rate 64.4 63.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 3.9 0.3 -0.2 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.4 0.3 -0.4 1.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 905.2 905.5 ... 0.3 -1.5 0.0 -0.2
Labour force 626.5 617.8 9.7 -8.7 -5.2 -1.4 -0.8
Employment 581.3 575.5 10.1 -5.8 28.9 -1.0 5.3
Unemployment 45.1 42.3 8.4 -2.8 -34.1 -6.2 -44.6
Participation rate 69.2 68.2 1.1 -1.0 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 6.8 1.3 -0.4 -5.5 ... ...
Employment rate 64.2 63.6 1.1 -0.6 3.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,090.6 3,093.0 ... 2.4 25.2 0.1 0.8
Labour force 2,103.9 2,085.4 10.0 -18.5 -2.3 -0.9 -0.1
Employment 2,025.9 2,010.9 10.6 -15.0 41.9 -0.7 2.1
Unemployment 78.0 74.5 9.9 -3.5 -44.1 -4.5 -37.2
Participation rate 68.1 67.4 0.3 -0.7 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.7 3.6 0.5 -0.1 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.6 65.0 0.3 -0.6 0.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,136.0 3,138.4 ... 2.4 23.1 0.1 0.7
Labour force 1,865.7 1,856.0 10.1 -9.7 34.9 -0.5 1.9
Employment 1,798.8 1,793.1 10.2 -5.7 72.5 -0.3 4.2
Unemployment 67.0 62.8 8.7 -4.2 -37.7 -6.3 -37.5
Participation rate 59.5 59.1 0.3 -0.4 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.6 3.4 0.5 -0.2 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 57.4 57.1 0.3 -0.3 1.9 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,469.3 12,482.2 ... 12.9 170.9 0.1 1.4
Labour force 8,152.7 8,178.8 26.7 26.1 257.0 0.3 3.2
Employment 7,722.9 7,737.2 26.7 14.3 522.6 0.2 7.2
Full-time employment 6,339.5 6,323.8 33.2 -15.7 347.9 -0.2 5.8
Unemployment 429.8 441.6 24.3 11.8 -265.6 2.7 -37.6
Participation rate 65.4 65.5 0.2 0.1 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.4 0.3 0.1 -3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 62.0 0.2 0.1 3.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,853.6 1,853.9 ... 0.3 -7.4 0.0 -0.4
Labour force 1,136.9 1,148.8 15.8 11.9 70.5 1.0 6.5
Employment 1,018.0 1,020.1 15.2 2.1 158.2 0.2 18.4
Unemployment 118.8 128.7 14.2 9.9 -87.7 8.3 -40.5
Participation rate 61.3 62.0 0.9 0.7 4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.4 11.2 1.2 0.8 -8.9 ... ...
Employment rate 54.9 55.0 0.8 0.1 8.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,166.5 5,173.2 ... 6.7 90.2 0.1 1.8
Labour force 3,706.2 3,707.0 13.4 0.8 105.4 0.0 2.9
Employment 3,568.6 3,556.8 14.7 -11.8 182.8 -0.3 5.4
Unemployment 137.6 150.2 13.5 12.6 -77.4 9.2 -34.0
Participation rate 71.7 71.7 0.3 0.0 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.7 4.1 0.4 0.4 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 69.1 68.8 0.3 -0.3 2.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,449.2 5,455.1 ... 5.9 88.0 0.1 1.6
Labour force 3,309.6 3,323.1 15.1 13.5 81.2 0.4 2.5
Employment 3,136.3 3,160.4 15.1 24.1 181.7 0.8 6.1
Unemployment 173.3 162.7 13.2 -10.6 -100.5 -6.1 -38.2
Participation rate 60.7 60.9 0.3 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 4.9 0.4 -0.3 -3.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.6 57.9 0.3 0.3 2.4 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,058.8 1,060.3 ... 1.5 9.5 0.1 0.9
Labour force 704.7 702.5 3.1 -2.2 -4.6 -0.3 -0.7
Employment 667.7 667.2 3.1 -0.5 11.5 -0.1 1.8
Full-time employment 529.0 532.5 4.4 3.5 1.8 0.7 0.3
Unemployment 37.0 35.2 2.7 -1.8 -16.2 -4.9 -31.5
Participation rate 66.6 66.3 0.3 -0.3 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.0 0.4 -0.3 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.1 62.9 0.3 -0.2 0.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.5 167.6 ... 0.1 -0.3 0.1 -0.2
Labour force 115.6 118.2 1.8 2.6 1.5 2.2 1.3
Employment 105.0 106.2 1.8 1.2 7.0 1.1 7.1
Unemployment 10.5 11.9 1.6 1.4 -5.5 13.3 -31.6
Participation rate 69.0 70.5 1.1 1.5 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.1 10.1 1.4 1.0 -4.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 63.4 1.0 0.7 4.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 437.8 438.5 ... 0.7 5.2 0.2 1.2
Labour force 312.6 308.3 1.7 -4.3 -8.4 -1.4 -2.7
Employment 299.2 295.4 1.7 -3.8 -4.6 -1.3 -1.5
Unemployment 13.4 12.9 1.5 -0.5 -3.9 -3.7 -23.2
Participation rate 71.4 70.3 0.4 -1.1 -2.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.2 0.5 -0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 68.3 67.4 0.4 -0.9 -1.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 453.6 454.2 ... 0.6 4.5 0.1 1.0
Labour force 276.5 276.0 1.7 -0.5 2.3 -0.2 0.8
Employment 263.5 265.6 1.7 2.1 9.1 0.8 3.5
Unemployment 13.0 10.4 1.4 -2.6 -6.8 -20.0 -39.5
Participation rate 61.0 60.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 3.8 0.5 -0.9 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 58.5 0.4 0.4 1.5 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 894.3 895.7 ... 1.4 6.3 0.2 0.7
Labour force 608.0 609.9 3.2 1.9 12.3 0.3 2.1
Employment 577.5 576.6 3.1 -0.9 17.7 -0.2 3.2
Full-time employment 469.5 474.6 4.4 5.1 26.0 1.1 5.8
Unemployment 30.5 33.3 2.6 2.8 -5.5 9.2 -14.2
Participation rate 68.0 68.1 0.4 0.1 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.5 0.4 0.5 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 64.4 0.3 -0.2 1.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 134.9 135.1 ... 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.5
Labour force 89.7 90.6 1.9 0.9 3.8 1.0 4.4
Employment 82.7 81.3 1.7 -1.4 5.5 -1.7 7.3
Unemployment 7.0 9.3 1.5 2.3 -1.6 32.9 -14.7
Participation rate 66.5 67.1 1.4 0.6 2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.8 10.3 1.6 2.5 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 60.2 1.3 -1.1 3.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 379.3 380.0 ... 0.7 3.1 0.2 0.8
Labour force 281.9 281.1 1.7 -0.8 3.3 -0.3 1.2
Employment 267.7 267.2 1.8 -0.5 5.8 -0.2 2.2
Unemployment 14.2 13.9 1.6 -0.3 -2.4 -2.1 -14.7
Participation rate 74.3 74.0 0.5 -0.3 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.9 0.6 -0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 70.6 70.3 0.5 -0.3 0.9 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 380.1 380.6 ... 0.5 2.5 0.1 0.7
Labour force 236.4 238.2 1.8 1.8 5.1 0.8 2.2
Employment 227.0 228.1 1.8 1.1 6.5 0.5 2.9
Unemployment 9.4 10.1 1.3 0.7 -1.4 7.4 -12.2
Participation rate 62.2 62.6 0.5 0.4 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 4.2 0.5 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 59.9 0.5 0.2 1.3 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,586.5 3,593.3 ... 6.8 58.0 0.2 1.6
Labour force 2,484.7 2,485.0 12.2 0.3 49.2 0.0 2.0
Employment 2,322.2 2,338.2 12.3 16.0 118.7 0.7 5.3
Full-time employment 1,870.4 1,880.2 16.5 9.8 63.9 0.5 3.5
Unemployment 162.5 146.8 10.9 -15.7 -69.5 -9.7 -32.1
Participation rate 69.3 69.2 0.3 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 5.9 0.4 -0.6 -3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 64.7 65.1 0.3 0.4 2.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 529.7 530.6 ... 0.9 7.5 0.2 1.4
Labour force 348.9 345.6 6.8 -3.3 26.3 -0.9 8.2
Employment 305.8 309.3 6.2 3.5 41.7 1.1 15.6
Unemployment 43.1 36.3 5.9 -6.8 -15.5 -15.8 -29.9
Participation rate 65.9 65.1 1.3 -0.8 4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.4 10.5 1.7 -1.9 -5.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 58.3 1.2 0.6 7.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,519.6 1,522.5 ... 2.9 24.1 0.2 1.6
Labour force 1,142.7 1,142.7 6.0 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.1
Employment 1,078.7 1,080.3 7.0 1.6 26.8 0.1 2.5
Unemployment 64.0 62.5 6.2 -1.5 -25.2 -2.3 -28.7
Participation rate 75.2 75.1 0.4 -0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.5 0.5 -0.1 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 71.0 71.0 0.5 0.0 0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,537.2 1,540.1 ... 2.9 26.2 0.2 1.7
Labour force 993.1 996.6 7.4 3.5 21.4 0.4 2.2
Employment 937.6 948.6 7.2 11.0 50.2 1.2 5.6
Unemployment 55.4 48.1 6.3 -7.3 -28.7 -13.2 -37.4
Participation rate 64.6 64.7 0.5 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 4.8 0.6 -0.8 -3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.0 61.6 0.5 0.6 2.3 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,409.8 4,415.2 ... 5.4 86.0 0.1 2.0
Labour force 2,884.2 2,891.4 14.0 7.2 70.0 0.2 2.5
Employment 2,737.8 2,735.8 13.3 -2.0 114.8 -0.1 4.4
Full-time employment 2,151.1 2,144.2 20.1 -6.9 100.0 -0.3 4.9
Unemployment 146.4 155.6 11.8 9.2 -44.8 6.3 -22.4
Participation rate 65.4 65.5 0.3 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.4 0.4 0.3 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 62.0 0.3 -0.1 1.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 601.6 601.6 ... 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.2
Labour force 406.4 406.8 8.6 0.4 24.8 0.1 6.5
Employment 367.9 363.1 7.8 -4.8 28.1 -1.3 8.4
Unemployment 38.5 43.7 7.2 5.2 -3.4 13.5 -7.2
Participation rate 67.6 67.6 1.4 0.0 4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 10.7 1.7 1.2 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 60.4 1.3 -0.8 4.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,854.0 1,856.6 ... 2.6 41.5 0.1 2.3
Labour force 1,302.0 1,303.6 6.9 1.6 19.8 0.1 1.5
Employment 1,243.0 1,241.8 7.2 -1.2 45.1 -0.1 3.8
Unemployment 59.0 61.8 6.7 2.8 -25.3 4.7 -29.0
Participation rate 70.2 70.2 0.4 0.0 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.7 0.5 0.2 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 67.0 66.9 0.4 -0.1 1.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,954.3 1,957.0 ... 2.7 43.4 0.1 2.3
Labour force 1,175.7 1,181.0 7.6 5.3 25.5 0.5 2.2
Employment 1,126.9 1,130.8 7.6 3.9 41.5 0.3 3.8
Unemployment 48.8 50.2 6.3 1.4 -16.1 2.9 -24.3
Participation rate 60.2 60.3 0.4 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.3 0.5 0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 57.8 0.4 0.1 0.9 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Date modified: