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Canadian Community Health Survey: Data table, June to August 2021

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Released: 2021-12-16

Since COVID-19 vaccines have been available to Canadians, public health authorities have continued to advise that widespread vaccination is one of the most effective strategies to combat COVID-19, in addition to following existing health and safety measures. The first vaccine doses were administered in December 2020, across the country, after a first vaccine was authorized by Health Canada. As of June 2021, Canadians aged 12 and older have been authorized to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.

The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) has been tracking Canadians' willingness to get vaccinated against COVID-19 since September 2020. The data presented in this release cover Canadians aged 12 and older living in the provinces.

From June to August 2021, 95% of Canadians aged 12 and older reported that they were somewhat or very likely to get a COVID-19 vaccine, or had already received at least one dose—up from 88% during the period of March/April 2021. During the summer period of June to August, there was no statistical difference found in the vaccine willingness of males (95%) and females (95%).

A large increase in vaccine willingness reported among groups designated as visible minorities and recent immigrants during the summer of 2021

Since the authorization of the COVID-19 vaccines, government efforts, such as vaccine promotion and the introduction of a vaccination passport, have been made to increase COVID-19 vaccine uptake across Canada. Vaccine willingness across several population groups increased from March/April 2021 to the summer of 2021. In the summer of 2021, 97% of people designated as a visible minority reported that they were willing to receive a COVID-19 vaccine, up from 87% in March/April 2021. Meanwhile, increases were found among immigrants to Canada, with the vaccination willingness going from 81% to 98% for recent landed immigrants, whereas for established landed immigrants, this increase was from 92% to 96%.

Among the Indigenous population, increases in vaccine willingness were also observed from March/April 2021 to the summer of 2021 for First Nations people living off reserve (from 82% to 91%) and Métis (from 68% to 93%). Reliable estimates for the Inuit population could not be produced, due to an insufficient sample size.

In the summer of 2021, the LGBTQ2+ population maintained a high level of vaccine willingness (96%) when compared with March/April 2021 (94%). In the summer of 2021, among those living with certain chronic health conditions—including obesity, high blood pressure, heart disease, dementia among those aged 40 and older, effects of a stroke, diabetes, or cancer—94% reported being willing to receive a COVID-19 vaccine, up from 91% in March/April 2021.

In the summer of 2021, just over 1 in 10 Canadian adults reported not having received at least one vaccine dose

Efforts are being made across Canada to target and encourage the unvaccinated population to get a COVID-19 vaccine. Despite these efforts, across the summer of 2021, 11% of Canadians aged 18 and older reported that they did not receive at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. No significant differences were found between males and females; or among any region (Atlantic provinces, Quebec, Ontario, Prairie provinces and British Columbia) when compared with the national average; or among groups designated as visible minorities compared with those who are not; landed immigrants and non-permanent residents compared with non-immigrants; and those living with at least one chronic health condition compared with those living without any chronic health condition.

Approximately half of unvaccinated adults reported being somewhat or very unlikely to get a vaccine

Overall, 11% of adults reported being unvaccinated at the time of the survey. Among those who reported being unvaccinated, a little less than half (46%) reported that they were somewhat or very unlikely to get a COVID-19 vaccine; this represents 1 in 20 (5%) Canadian adults. No statistical difference was found between males and females. Differences by age group were observed among the unvaccinated adult population: 63% of those aged 50 and older reported being unwilling to get a vaccine, whereas among those aged 18 to 49, 39% reported the same. Furthermore, among unvaccinated Canadian adults, 56% of those with certain chronic health conditions reported being unwilling to get a vaccine, which was higher than those without any chronic health condition (40%).

  Note to readers

The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) is an annual survey that was adjusted during the pandemic to produce more timely estimates related to COVID-19. This analysis is based on CCHS data collected from June 1 to September 5, 2021.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had major impacts on data collection operations for the 2020 and 2021 CCHS. The impossibility of conducting in-person interviews and collection capacity issues resulted in a significant decrease in response rates in 2020 and 2021. As was done for previous CCHS cycles, survey weights were adjusted to minimise any potential bias that could arise from survey non-response; non-response adjustments and calibration using available auxiliary information were applied. Despite these rigorous adjustments and validations, the higher non-response increases the risk of a remaining bias as well as increasing the magnitude with which such a bias could impact estimates produced using the survey data. The sample of just over 10,000 respondents from June to the beginning of September is representative of the Canadian population living in the provinces. Sampling and collection for the time period used in this analysis does not have adequate coverage to represent the entire population of the territories. This analysis includes only non-proxy respondents.

Vaccine willingness includes respondents who reported being very likely or somewhat likely to receive a COVID-19 vaccine, or had already received at least one dose.

Vaccine unwillingness includes respondents who had not received any COVID-19 vaccine doses, and reported being very unlikely or somewhat unlikely to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.

Landed recent immigrants refers to those who had lived in Canada for less than 10 years. Landed established immigrants refers to those who had lived in Canada for 10 or more years. Respondents who are Canadian citizens by naturalization are considered to be immigrants.

Indigenous status is based on the self-reported answer to "Are you an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations, Métis or Inuk (Inuit)? First Nations includes Status and Non-Status Indians." The CCHS does not collect data on reserves. Consequently, the results discussed for First Nations people exclude those living on reserves, as well as Indigenous people in the territories or remote northern regions of the provinces that include Inuit Nunangat.

LGBTQ2+ people in Canada include lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or two-spirit or persons reporting another non-binary gender or minority sexual identity.

Respondents were included in the LGBTQ2+ population on the basis of self-reported sexual orientation (including heterosexual, gay, lesbian, bisexual, pansexual, or not elsewhere classified), sex at birth and gender identity (transgender, including respondents with non-binary identities like genderqueer, gender fluid or agender). The analysis of LGBTQ2+ individuals excludes proxy interviews and respondents under the age of 15.

Estimates on the LGB+ population (lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, or those with another sexual orientation) include cisgender, transgender and non-binary respondents.

Underlying health conditions include obesity, high blood pressure, currently having cancer, heart disease, diabetes, dementia among those aged 40 and older, or effects of a stroke. The population with no underlying health conditions is calculated taking into account the non-response categories ("refusal", "don't know", "not applicable" and "not stated").

In this release, when two estimates are said to be different, this indicates that the difference was statistically significant at a 95% confidence level (p-value less than 5%).

For more information on survey definitions and methods, refer to the Statistics Canada survey information page: Canadian Community Health Survey.


Please note that data tables for this release are available upon request by contacting Client Services (

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