The Daily
|
 In the news  Indicators  Releases by subject
 Special interest  Release schedule  Information

Economic and Social Reports, June 2021

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

Released: 2021-06-23

The June 2021 issue of Economic and Social Reports contains six articles.

Canadians with triple-protected jobs

Some jobs are more protected than others from advances in artificial intelligence and robotics, and from future pandemics. Jobs that are considered to be "triple protected" are those that have no predetermined end date (e.g., not term or seasonal positions); face a low risk of being lost or transformed because of automation; and are resilient to pandemics because they can be done from home, involve sufficient physical distancing or are deemed essential by authorities.

The study "Job security in the age of artificial intelligence and potential pandemics" looks at the rates at which Canadian workers held triple-protected jobs. Overall, two in five employees (40.7%) aged 18 to 64 held a triple-protected job in 2019, prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. An additional 44.7% held a job with two layers of job security (a double-protected job). By contrast, 1.3% of employees held a job with no protection, as defined in this study.

Dual-earner couples in the top 10% of the earnings distribution (77.0%) were about 20 times more likely than dual-earner couples in the bottom 10% (3.5%) to have both partners hold triple-protected jobs. Similarly, dual-earner couples where both spouses held a postsecondary degree (55.7%) were seven times more likely than dual-earner couples where neither spouse had a postsecondary credential (7.9%) to have both partners hold triple-protected jobs.

An infographic titled "Triple-protected jobs in the age of automation and pandemics" is also available.

More than one-third of employer businesses used the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy to protect jobs

The Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (CEWS) was created by the Government of Canada to help protect jobs during the pandemic. The article "Use of the Canadian Emergency Wage Subsidy program by employer businesses in 2020" studied how the CEWS was used by Canadian employers to avoid or reduce layoffs and terminations in 2020. It found that 36% of active employer businesses received support from the CEWS during the period from April to October 2020.

Across industries, the use was highest in accommodation and food services; arts, entertainment and recreation; and manufacturing. It was lowest in utilities; agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; and finance and insurance. CEWS use also differed by business size. It was highest among business with 10 to 49 employees and lowest among business with fewer than 10 employees.

Retaining a student job after graduation associated with higher earnings

Can a student job be leveraged into a career? This is the question asked in the study "Leveraging postsecondary student employment into a career: The importance of remaining in the firm after graduation." It found that graduates who retained their student job earned $4,918 (men) and $2,471 (women) more, two years after graduation, than graduates who did not retain their student job, and $10,317 (men) and $7,873 (women) more than those who did not have a student job, after accounting for detailed socioeconomic characteristics and post-graduation job characteristics.

In addition to higher earnings, graduates who retained their student job were also more likely than graduates who did not retain their student job or who did not have a student job to have an employer-sponsored pension plan and to be part of a union (as evidenced by the payment of union dues).

Retaining international students as a source of labour

Two of the articles released today are part of a series that provides a broad overview of international students as a source of labour supply in Canada.

Increasingly, international students are seen as a promising pool of skilled individuals to be tapped for participation in the Canadian labour market. The study "International students as a source of labour supply: Transition to permanent residency" documents the share of international students who became landed immigrants across various sociodemographic characteristics.

Three in 10 international students who entered Canada in 2000 or later became landed immigrants within 10 years. The transition rate generally increased with the intended level of study. Five in 10 master's students and 6 in 10 doctoral students became permanent residents within 10 years of receiving their first study permit, compared with one-third of bachelor's degree students.

Many international students had Canadian work experience either by holding a job while studying or by finding employment after graduation. Over 60% of international students who had work experience in Canada became landed immigrants within 10 years of receiving their first study permit, compared with about 15% of those who never worked in Canada.

Having international students stay in their province of study upon graduation is often viewed as an important way to promote population and economic growth in regions with a declining labour force.

Using data from the Postsecondary Student Information System and T1 Family File linkage, the study "International students as a source of labour supply: Retention in their province of study" finds that 47% of international students who graduated from Canadian public postsecondary educational institutions between 2010 and 2016 remained in their province of study one year after graduation. In contrast, 81% of graduates with Canadian citizenship remained in their province of study. Five years after graduation, the retention rate was 36% for international graduates, compared with 76% for graduates with Canadian citizenship.

Retention one year after graduation was highest in the Prairie provinces, with 60% of international students remaining in Alberta, followed by 59% in Manitoba and 55% in Saskatchewan. The retention rate ranged from 24% to 28% in the four Atlantic provinces. Ontario (50%) and British Columbia (49%) had rates that were close to the national average, while that for Quebec (40%) was lower than the national average.

Provincial differences in economic impacts of COVID-1

More details on this article on how the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic differed by province and territory are available in the Daily release "Economic impacts of COVID-19 across the provinces and territories."

Products

The June 2021 issue of Economic and Social Reports, Vol. 1, no. 6 (Catalogue number36280001), is now available. This issue contains the articles "Job security in the age of artificial intelligence and potential pandemics," "Use of the Canadian Emergency Wage Subsidy program by employer businesses in 2020," "Leveraging postsecondary student employment into a career: The importance of remaining in the firm after graduation," "International students as a source of labour supply: Transition to permanent residency," "International students as a source of labour supply: Retention in their province of study" and "Differences in the economic impacts of COVID-19 across the provinces and territories."

Also released today is an infographic titled "Triple-protected jobs in the age of automation and pandemics," available as part of the series Statistics Canada – Infographics (Catalogue number11-627-M).

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).

Date modified: