Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in February 2020 and February 2021, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in February 2020 and February 2021, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2020 30,923.8 20,015.9 18,880.3 1,135.6 64.7 5.7 61.1
2021 31,195.0 19,968.2 18,208.8 1,759.5 64.0 8.8 58.4
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2020 445.7 248.2 214.9 33.2 55.7 13.4 48.2
2021 445.3 244.9 208.8 36.1 55.0 14.7 46.9
Avalon Peninsula              
2020 235.9 145.8 130.4 15.4 61.8 10.6 55.3
2021 236.7 139.2 122.1 17.1 58.8 12.3 51.6
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2020 122.1 55.6 45.1 10.5 45.5 18.9 36.9
2021 121.2 56.5 45.3 11.2 46.6 19.8 37.4
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2020 87.8 46.7 39.4 7.3 53.2 15.6 44.9
2021 87.3 49.2 41.5 7.8 56.4 15.9 47.5
Prince Edward Island              
2020 131.6 85.5 77.4 8.1 65.0 9.5 58.8
2021 133.1 82.8 73.8 9.0 62.2 10.9 55.4
Nova Scotia              
2020 811.4 495.4 455.0 40.4 61.1 8.2 56.1
2021 817.2 495.3 451.8 43.5 60.6 8.8 55.3
Cape Breton              
2020 109.8 58.9 51.3 7.6 53.6 12.9 46.7
2021 109.2 51.5 44.2 7.3 47.2 14.2 40.5
North Shore              
2020 127.7 74.2 67.2 7.0 58.1 9.4 52.6
2021 127.2 72.7 66.7 6.0 57.2 8.3 52.4
Annapolis Valley              
2020 105.5 60.5 55.8 4.8 57.3 7.9 52.9
2021 105.9 60.4 55.9 4.5 57.0 7.5 52.8
Southern              
2020 98.6 52.8 48.5 4.4 53.5 8.3 49.2
2021 98.1 52.3 47.6 4.6 53.3 8.8 48.5
Halifax              
2020 369.8 248.9 232.2 16.7 67.3 6.7 62.8
2021 376.8 258.4 237.4 21.0 68.6 8.1 63.0
New Brunswick              
2020 645.7 384.9 353.2 31.7 59.6 8.2 54.7
2021 648.3 388.3 349.1 39.2 59.9 10.1 53.8
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2020 131.9 66.6 57.7 8.9 50.5 13.4 43.7
2021 131.0 69.8 60.4 9.4 53.3 13.5 46.1
Moncton–Richibucto              
2020 186.7 117.7 109.7 8.0 63.0 6.8 58.8
2021 188.7 117.7 105.9 11.8 62.4 10.0 56.1
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2020 145.8 91.3 84.1 7.2 62.6 7.9 57.7
2021 146.3 91.0 80.7 10.4 62.2 11.4 55.2
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2020 116.4 70.9 65.6 5.3 60.9 7.5 56.4
2021 117.8 74.7 69.5 5.2 63.4 7.0 59.0
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2020 64.8 38.5 36.1 2.4 59.4 6.2 55.7
2021 64.5 35.1 32.6 2.5 54.4 7.1 50.5
Quebec              
2020 7,033.2 4,515.4 4,279.1 236.3 64.2 5.2 60.8
2021 7,081.4 4,453.0 4,110.2 342.7 62.9 7.7 58.0
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2020 76.7 38.7 32.1 6.6 50.5 17.1 41.9
2021 76.3 33.7 29.2 4.5 44.2 13.4 38.3
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2020 166.9 91.2 85.2 5.9 54.6 6.5 51.0
2021 165.9 94.0 87.9 6.1 56.7 6.5 53.0
Capitale-Nationale              
2020 622.7 396.9 377.5 19.4 63.7 4.9 60.6
2021 624.5 390.5 363.9 26.7 62.5 6.8 58.3
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2020 355.5 231.9 222.3 9.6 65.2 4.1 62.5
2021 355.9 228.5 218.2 10.3 64.2 4.5 61.3
Estrie              
2020 276.0 169.1 162.0 7.1 61.3 4.2 58.7
2021 277.7 172.8 159.0 13.8 62.2 8.0 57.3
Centre-du-Québec              
2020 206.2 134.6 132.0 2.6 65.3 1.9 64.0
2021 207.1 131.1 119.9 11.2 63.3 8.5 57.9
Montérégie              
2020 1,299.4 863.6 831.8 31.8 66.5 3.7 64.0
2021 1,310.2 834.2 770.7 63.4 63.7 7.6 58.8
Montréal              
2020 1,736.8 1,166.9 1,086.0 80.9 67.2 6.9 62.5
2021 1,761.8 1,131.1 1,036.4 94.7 64.2 8.4 58.8
Laval              
2020 362.6 217.3 208.0 9.2 59.9 4.2 57.4
2021 364.8 242.8 220.7 22.1 66.6 9.1 60.5
Lanaudière              
2020 422.8 279.8 267.9 11.9 66.2 4.3 63.4
2021 425.3 265.1 248.4 16.7 62.3 6.3 58.4
Laurentides              
2020 518.2 313.5 295.4 18.0 60.5 5.7 57.0
2021 523.4 338.5 309.4 29.0 64.7 8.6 59.1
Outaouais              
2020 325.8 207.8 197.2 10.6 63.8 5.1 60.5
2021 327.9 202.1 186.1 16.0 61.6 7.9 56.8
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2020 119.2 75.7 72.9 2.8 63.5 3.7 61.2
2021 118.5 75.8 69.4 6.4 64.0 8.4 58.6
Mauricie              
2020 227.8 136.0 128.6 7.5 59.7 5.5 56.5
2021 227.3 124.2 114.4 9.7 54.6 7.8 50.3
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2020 230.0 135.1 125.8 9.3 58.7 6.9 54.7
2021 229.2 135.8 126.4 9.4 59.2 6.9 55.1
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2020 86.6 57.4 54.4 3.0 66.3 5.2 62.8
2021 85.7 52.9 50.2 2.7 61.7 5.1 58.6
Ontario              
2020 12,158.5 7,818.0 7,414.9 403.0 64.3 5.2 61.0
2021 12,282.5 7,832.0 7,107.3 724.7 63.8 9.3 57.9
Ottawa              
2020 1,180.9 772.7 741.6 31.2 65.4 4.0 62.8
2021 1,193.2 774.2 727.0 47.2 64.9 6.1 60.9
Kingston–Pembroke              
2020 393.4 228.0 214.1 13.9 58.0 6.1 54.4
2021 395.2 233.4 213.5 20.0 59.1 8.6 54.0
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2020 345.3 182.5 165.9 16.7 52.9 9.2 48.0
2021 347.6 202.6 185.5 17.0 58.3 8.4 53.4
Toronto              
2020 5,725.2 3,786.9 3,590.4 196.5 66.1 5.2 62.7
2021 5,797.6 3,807.7 3,410.1 397.5 65.7 10.4 58.8
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2020 1,190.6 810.1 774.0 36.2 68.0 4.5 65.0
2021 1,208.3 797.6 721.1 76.5 66.0 9.6 59.7
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2020 1,266.1 798.1 757.4 40.7 63.0 5.1 59.8
2021 1,274.6 787.5 718.5 69.0 61.8 8.8 56.4
London              
2020 599.3 371.3 354.8 16.4 62.0 4.4 59.2
2021 607.4 386.5 359.0 27.5 63.6 7.1 59.1
Windsor–Sarnia              
2020 555.6 318.8 295.4 23.4 57.4 7.3 53.2
2021 559.0 311.5 281.9 29.6 55.7 9.5 50.4
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2020 262.5 173.9 165.3 8.6 66.2 4.9 63.0
2021 263.8 165.0 153.3 11.7 62.5 7.1 58.1
Northeast              
2020 464.4 269.4 255.6 13.9 58.0 5.2 55.0
2021 462.0 262.3 241.2 21.1 56.8 8.0 52.2
Northwest              
2020 175.1 106.2 100.6 5.6 60.7 5.3 57.5
2021 173.9 103.7 96.4 7.4 59.6 7.1 55.4
Manitoba              
2020 1,046.0 688.6 653.7 34.9 65.8 5.1 62.5
2021 1,049.7 678.8 627.7 51.1 64.7 7.5 59.8
Southeast              
2020 97.9 64.1 60.0 4.1 65.5 6.4 61.3
2021 98.7 63.7 59.6 4.1 64.5 6.4 60.4
South Central and North Central              
2020 90.3 57.8 55.4 2.4 64.0 4.2 61.4
2021 90.9 61.2 58.5 2.6 67.3 4.2 64.4
Southwest              
2020 90.9 58.9 55.9 2.9 64.8 4.9 61.5
2021 90.6 59.2 56.0 3.2 65.3 5.4 61.8
Winnipeg              
2020 634.6 425.0 403.7 21.3 67.0 5.0 63.6
2021 638.7 419.0 383.6 35.3 65.6 8.4 60.1
Interlake              
2020 76.2 47.5 45.0 2.5 62.3 5.3 59.1
2021 76.3 42.6 39.6 3.1 55.8 7.3 51.9
Parklands and North              
2020 56.0 35.4 33.7 1.7 63.2 4.8 60.2
2021 54.5 33.0 30.3 2.7 60.6 8.2 55.6
Saskatchewan              
2020 887.6 602.0 565.4 36.5 67.8 6.1 63.7
2021 888.4 585.6 540.7 45.0 65.9 7.7 60.9
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2020 273.7 187.6 175.7 11.9 68.5 6.3 64.2
2021 275.2 182.5 167.7 14.8 66.3 8.1 60.9
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2020 83.8 56.8 54.1 2.7 67.8 4.8 64.6
2021 83.1 55.0 51.4 3.6 66.2 6.5 61.9
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2020 308.3 211.3 197.7 13.6 68.5 6.4 64.1
2021 311.3 208.2 191.6 16.6 66.9 8.0 61.5
Yorkton–Melville              
2020 63.2 41.7 39.4 2.3 66.0 5.5 62.3
2021 62.1 37.6 35.5 2.1 60.5 5.6 57.2
Prince Albert and Northern              
2020 158.8 104.6 98.5 6.0 65.9 5.7 62.0
2021 156.7 102.4 94.4 7.9 65.3 7.7 60.2
Alberta              
2020 3,486.7 2,425.6 2,247.4 178.2 69.6 7.3 64.5
2021 3,528.0 2,418.4 2,159.3 259.1 68.5 10.7 61.2
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2020 238.0 151.1 144.0 7.0 63.5 4.6 60.5
2021 239.3 146.3 130.1 16.2 61.1 11.1 54.4
Camrose–Drumheller              
2020 162.5 108.2 101.2 7.0 66.6 6.5 62.3
2021 162.2 91.5 82.8 8.7 56.4 9.5 51.0
Calgary              
2020 1,327.5 929.3 861.1 68.2 70.0 7.3 64.9
2021 1,347.2 942.6 843.8 98.8 70.0 10.5 62.6
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2020 274.0 195.9 182.2 13.6 71.5 6.9 66.5
2021 274.4 193.3 174.3 19.0 70.4 9.8 63.5
Red Deer              
2020 174.1 115.6 105.1 10.6 66.4 9.2 60.4
2021 175.6 114.5 103.2 11.3 65.2 9.9 58.8
Edmonton              
2020 1,205.8 847.5 780.2 67.2 70.3 7.9 64.7
2021 1,224.7 854.1 756.1 98.0 69.7 11.5 61.7
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2020 104.8 78.1 73.5 4.5 74.5 5.8 70.1
2021 104.6 76.2 69.0 7.2 72.8 9.4 66.0
British Columbia              
2020 4,277.3 2,752.3 2,619.2 133.1 64.3 4.8 61.2
2021 4,321.0 2,789.1 2,580.0 209.2 64.5 7.5 59.7
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2020 732.8 424.1 401.6 22.5 57.9 5.3 54.8
2021 740.4 429.1 398.6 30.5 58.0 7.1 53.8
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2020 2,649.0 1,768.1 1,690.6 77.5 66.7 4.4 63.8
2021 2,676.7 1,785.8 1,649.1 136.6 66.7 7.6 61.6
Thompson–Okanagan              
2020 495.5 305.5 285.9 19.6 61.7 6.4 57.7
2021 502.6 308.9 285.7 23.2 61.5 7.5 56.8
Kootenay              
2020 137.2 81.0 77.7 3.3 59.0 4.1 56.6
2021 137.9 84.3 78.6 5.8 61.1 6.9 57.0
Cariboo              
2020 138.9 89.2 82.1 7.1 64.2 8.0 59.1
2021 139.9 92.8 85.5 7.3 66.3 7.9 61.1
North Coast and Nechako              
2020 69.0 43.8 41.8 2.0 63.5 4.6 60.6
2021 68.8 46.8 42.8 4.0 68.0 8.5 62.2
Northeast              
2020 54.9 40.6 39.4 x 74.0 x 71.8
2021 54.8 41.5 39.7 1.8 75.7 4.3 72.4
x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
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