Police-reported crime for selected offences, Canada, 2019
|Number – 2019||Rate – 2019||% change in rate – 2018 to 2019||% change in rate – 2009 to 2019|
|Total Criminal Code (excluding traffic) — "Crime rate"||2,208,076||5,874||7||-9|
|Total violent crime||480,004||1,277||11||-3|
|Other violations causing death||108||0s||-20||-4|
|Sexual assault — level 3 — aggravated||125||0s||-22||-6|
|Sexual assault — level 2 — weapon or bodily harm||525||1||6||33|
|Sexual assault — level 1||30,285||81||7||32|
|Sexual offence occurring prior to January 4, 19831||534||1||-8||...|
|Sexual violations against children2||10,038||27||9||...|
|Assault — level 3 — aggravated||3,924||10||8||-3|
|Assault — level 2 — weapon or bodily harm||59,416||158||8||0s|
|Assault — level 1||187,826||500||9||-7|
|Assault against a peace officer||12,132||32||2||-8|
|Firearms — use of, discharge, pointing||3,503||9||21||81|
|Forcible confinement or kidnapping||3,695||10||4||-31|
|Trafficking in persons3||341||1||41||...|
|Indecent and harassing communications||23,289||62||29||-10|
|Non-consensual distribution of intimate images4||1,972||5||31||...|
|Offences in relation to sexual services5||1,163||3||10||...|
|Other violent Criminal Code violations||5,203||14||13||13|
|Total property crime||1,319,562||3,510||5||-15|
|Breaking and entering||161,291||429||-1||-30|
|Possess stolen property||25,752||69||4||...|
|Theft of motor vehicle||87,066||232||0s||-28|
|Theft over $5,000 (non-motor vehicle)||21,357||57||5||21|
|Shoplifting under $5,000||140,286||373||11||35|
|Theft of $5,000 or under (non-motor vehicle)||424,439||1,129||3||-19|
|Total other Criminal Code offences||408,510||1,087||7||7|
|Disturb the peace||110,444||294||15||-16|
|Administration of justice violations||237,346||631||2||24|
|Total Criminal Code traffic violations||136,706||364||7||-16|
|Alcohol- and drug-impaired driving8||4,618||12||...||...|
|Impaired driving (not specified)8||1,784||5||...||...|
|Other Criminal Code traffic violations||51,033||136||-9||-21|
|Total drug offences||70,140||187||-19||-36|
|Total other federal statute violations||23,596||63||-11||-33|
|Human trafficking under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act9||170||0s||43||...|
|Youth Criminal Justice Act||3,815||10||-21||-73|
|Other federal statutes||19,611||52||-9||-9|
|Total — all violations||2,438,518||6,487||5||-11|
true zero or a value rounded to zero
value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded
Police-reported statistics may be affected by differences in the way police services deal with offences. In some instances, police or municipalities might choose to deal with some offences using municipal bylaws or provincial provisions rather than Criminal Code provisions. Counts are based on the most serious violation in the incident. One incident may involve multiple violations. Data for specific types of crime are available, in most cases, from 1977. Rates are calculated on the basis of 100,000 population. Percentage changes are based on unrounded rates. Populations are based upon July 1st estimates from Statistics Canada, Centre for Demography.
Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (3302).
Table note 1
In 2019, the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey added a new violation code to collect information on "sexual offences which occurred prior to January 4, 1983." While most violations are not typically reported years after their occurrence, sexual violations may be reported by a victim long after the incident took place due to a variety of reasons. On January 4, 1983, Canadian legislation surrounding sexual offences changed considerably. In order to reflect these changes, the Survey added the new violation code rather than collect historical offences under an existing violation code that did not reflect the state of Canadian legislation at the time of the offence.
Table note 2
Sexual violations against children is a relatively new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2010, therefore the percentage change from 2009 to 2019 is not shown.
Table note 3
Changes to the Criminal Code, including the introduction of new offences related to trafficking in persons were made in 2005, 2010, 2012, and 2014. Therefore, the percentage change from 2009 to 2019 is not shown.
Table note 4
Non-consensual distribution of intimate images is an offence created in 2015 by the former Bill C-13 "Protecting Canadians from Online Crime Act," therefore the percentage change from 2009 to 2019 is not shown.
Table note 5
In December 2014, new legislation came into effect governing prostitution-related activities. The new legislation targets "the exploitation that is inherent in prostitution and the risks of violence posed to those who engage in it" (Criminal Code Chapter 25, preamble). New violations classified as "offences in relation to sexual services" under "violent crime" include: the purchasing of sexual services or communicating for that purpose, receiving a material benefit deriving from the purchase of sexual services, procuring of persons for the purpose of prostitution, and advertising sexual services offered for sale. In addition, a number of other offences related to prostitution continue to be considered non-violent offences and are classified under "other Criminal Code offences". These include communicating to provide sexual services for consideration and stopping or impeding traffic for the purpose of offering, providing or obtaining sexual services for consideration. Therefore, the percentage change from 2009 to 2019 is not shown.
Table note 6
In January 2010, the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey was modified to create new violation codes for identity fraud and identity theft. Prior to 2010, those offences would have been coded as fraud. Therefore, the percentage change from 2009 to 2019 for fraud includes identity fraud and identity theft.
Table note 7
Includes seven terrorism violations which were introduced mid-year in 2013, as a result of the enactment of Bill S-7 (An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the Canada Evidence Act and the Security of Information Act). An additional terrorism violation code was introduced in late 2015, as a result of the enactment of Bill C-51 Anti-terrorism Act. Therefore, comparisons to previous years should be made with caution. Terrorism is a relatively new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2010; therefore, the percentage change from 2009 to 2019 is not shown. Due to the length of time for investigations to confirm whether or not the incident is founded, annual counts of terrorism offences are subject to revisions downwards when revised data are released one year after the initial release; therefore, changes between the current year of data and the previous year should be interpreted with caution.
Table note 8
Reflects new impaired driving offences as per former Bill C-46 "An Act to amend the Criminal Code (offences relating to conveyances) and to make consequential amendments to other Acts" which came into effect part way through 2018.
Table note 9
Includes human trafficking violations under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. Data specific to these offences are not available prior to 2011, therefore, the percentage change from 2009 to 2019 is not shown.
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