Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  August
2020
September
2020
Standard error1 August to September 2020 September 2019 to September 2020 August to September 2020 September 2019 to September 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,125.1 7,132.4 ... 7.3 66.4 0.1 0.9
Labour force 4,592.6 4,612.8 17.3 20.2 12.6 0.4 0.3
Employment 4,194.2 4,270.9 19.0 76.7 -104.7 1.8 -2.4
Full-time employment 3,430.9 3,476.2 23.4 45.3 -81.1 1.3 -2.3
Unemployment 398.4 341.9 16.1 -56.5 117.3 -14.2 52.2
Participation rate 64.5 64.7 0.2 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 7.4 0.3 -1.3 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 59.9 0.3 1.0 -2.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 889.8 889.8 ... 0.0 -3.5 0.0 -0.4
Labour force 638.6 635.9 9.0 -2.7 -14.8 -0.4 -2.3
Employment 530.5 552.6 9.3 22.1 -34.4 4.2 -5.9
Unemployment 108.1 83.3 8.6 -24.8 19.6 -22.9 30.8
Participation rate 71.8 71.5 1.0 -0.3 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 16.9 13.1 1.3 -3.8 3.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.6 62.1 1.0 2.5 -3.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,085.1 3,089.2 ... 4.1 39.0 0.1 1.3
Labour force 2,096.0 2,119.8 10.0 23.8 38.8 1.1 1.9
Employment 1,954.9 1,982.7 11.6 27.8 -11.4 1.4 -0.6
Unemployment 141.1 137.1 9.8 -4.0 50.2 -2.8 57.8
Participation rate 67.9 68.6 0.3 0.7 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 6.5 0.5 -0.2 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.4 64.2 0.4 0.8 -1.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,150.1 3,153.4 ... 3.3 30.9 0.1 1.0
Labour force 1,858.0 1,857.1 10.1 -0.9 -11.4 -0.0 -0.6
Employment 1,708.8 1,735.5 11.1 26.7 -58.9 1.6 -3.3
Unemployment 149.3 121.5 9.2 -27.8 47.4 -18.6 64.0
Participation rate 59.0 58.9 0.3 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.0 6.5 0.5 -1.5 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 54.2 55.0 0.4 0.8 -2.5 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,341.6 12,356.4 ... 14.8 169.1 0.1 1.4
Labour force 7,910.4 7,993.9 25.7 83.5 54.3 1.1 0.7
Employment 7,069.0 7,236.6 25.0 167.6 -282.7 2.4 -3.8
Full-time employment 5,760.6 5,943.0 31.0 182.4 -170.2 3.2 -2.8
Unemployment 841.4 757.4 22.1 -84.0 337.1 -10.0 80.2
Participation rate 64.1 64.7 0.2 0.6 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.6 9.5 0.3 -1.1 4.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 58.6 0.2 1.3 -3.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,843.2 1,843.0 ... -0.2 6.3 -0.0 0.3
Labour force 1,111.3 1,147.6 14.9 36.3 18.9 3.3 1.7
Employment 803.2 883.9 13.8 80.7 -102.0 10.0 -10.3
Unemployment 308.0 263.7 12.8 -44.3 120.9 -14.4 84.7
Participation rate 60.3 62.3 0.8 2.0 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 27.7 23.0 1.1 -4.7 10.3 ... ...
Employment rate 43.6 48.0 0.8 4.4 -5.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,087.4 5,095.1 ... 7.7 83.7 0.2 1.7
Labour force 3,600.6 3,621.4 13.2 20.8 43.3 0.6 1.2
Employment 3,303.2 3,357.9 13.4 54.7 -79.3 1.7 -2.3
Unemployment 297.4 263.6 12.2 -33.8 122.7 -11.4 87.1
Participation rate 70.8 71.1 0.3 0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 7.3 0.3 -1.0 3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 64.9 65.9 0.3 1.0 -2.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,411.0 5,418.2 ... 7.2 79.0 0.1 1.5
Labour force 3,198.5 3,224.9 14.6 26.4 -7.9 0.8 -0.2
Employment 2,962.6 2,994.8 14.4 32.2 -101.4 1.1 -3.3
Unemployment 235.9 230.1 12.1 -5.8 93.5 -2.5 68.4
Participation rate 59.1 59.5 0.3 0.4 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.4 7.1 0.4 -0.3 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 54.8 55.3 0.3 0.5 -2.7 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,047.2 1,047.5 ... 0.3 6.5 0.0 0.6
Labour force 693.1 701.6 3.3 8.5 14.6 1.2 2.1
Employment 637.2 652.3 3.3 15.1 -1.8 2.4 -0.3
Full-time employment 507.5 518.3 4.4 10.8 -14.8 2.1 -2.8
Unemployment 56.0 49.3 2.7 -6.7 16.4 -12.0 49.8
Participation rate 66.2 67.0 0.3 0.8 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.1 7.0 0.4 -1.1 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 62.3 0.3 1.5 -0.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 166.1 165.9 ... -0.2 -1.2 -0.1 -0.7
Labour force 109.1 109.4 1.9 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.7
Employment 92.1 94.0 1.8 1.9 -3.2 2.1 -3.3
Unemployment 17.0 15.4 1.6 -1.6 4.1 -9.4 36.3
Participation rate 65.7 65.9 1.1 0.2 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.6 14.1 1.4 -1.5 3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 55.4 56.7 1.1 1.3 -1.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 432.9 433.2 ... 0.3 3.6 0.1 0.8
Labour force 316.1 318.9 1.7 2.8 5.6 0.9 1.8
Employment 293.8 300.8 1.8 7.0 0.4 2.4 0.1
Unemployment 22.2 18.2 1.6 -4.0 5.3 -18.0 41.1
Participation rate 73.0 73.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 5.7 0.5 -1.3 1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 67.9 69.4 0.4 1.5 -0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 448.1 448.5 ... 0.4 4.1 0.1 0.9
Labour force 267.9 273.3 1.8 5.4 8.1 2.0 3.1
Employment 251.2 257.5 1.9 6.3 1.0 2.5 0.4
Unemployment 16.7 15.8 1.5 -0.9 7.1 -5.4 81.6
Participation rate 59.8 60.9 0.4 1.1 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 5.8 0.5 -0.4 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 56.1 57.4 0.4 1.3 -0.3 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 893.9 893.9 ... 0.0 2.7 0.0 0.3
Labour force 603.4 605.8 2.9 2.4 -9.5 0.4 -1.5
Employment 555.8 564.5 3.0 8.7 -18.1 1.6 -3.1
Full-time employment 456.6 461.8 3.9 5.2 -11.5 1.1 -2.4
Unemployment 47.7 41.4 2.6 -6.3 8.7 -13.2 26.6
Participation rate 67.5 67.8 0.3 0.3 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 6.8 0.4 -1.1 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 63.2 0.3 1.0 -2.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.4 131.4 ... 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1
Labour force 84.3 86.3 1.6 2.0 0.5 2.4 0.6
Employment 71.3 75.5 1.5 4.2 0.4 5.9 0.5
Unemployment 12.9 10.7 1.5 -2.2 0.0 -17.1 0.0
Participation rate 64.2 65.7 1.2 1.5 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.3 12.4 1.7 -2.9 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 54.3 57.5 1.2 3.2 0.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 381.8 381.7 ... -0.1 1.2 -0.0 0.3
Labour force 283.9 284.1 1.5 0.2 -3.2 0.1 -1.1
Employment 264.3 266.5 1.7 2.2 -9.5 0.8 -3.4
Unemployment 19.6 17.6 1.6 -2.0 6.3 -10.2 55.8
Participation rate 74.4 74.4 0.4 0.0 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.9 6.2 0.5 -0.7 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 69.2 69.8 0.5 0.6 -2.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 380.7 380.8 ... 0.1 1.7 0.0 0.4
Labour force 235.2 235.5 1.6 0.3 -6.6 0.1 -2.7
Employment 220.1 222.4 1.6 2.3 -9.1 1.0 -3.9
Unemployment 15.1 13.1 1.3 -2.0 2.5 -13.2 23.6
Participation rate 61.8 61.8 0.4 0.0 -2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 5.6 0.5 -0.8 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 58.4 0.4 0.6 -2.7 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,580.1 3,583.0 ... 2.9 42.5 0.1 1.2
Labour force 2,456.2 2,497.3 12.3 41.1 -14.3 1.7 -0.6
Employment 2,165.8 2,204.0 12.6 38.2 -142.7 1.8 -6.1
Full-time employment 1,756.1 1,790.6 15.5 34.5 -128.0 2.0 -6.7
Unemployment 290.4 293.2 11.6 2.8 128.2 1.0 77.7
Participation rate 68.6 69.7 0.3 1.1 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.8 11.7 0.5 -0.1 5.1 ... ...
Employment rate 60.5 61.5 0.4 1.0 -4.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 511.8 512.0 ... 0.2 3.4 0.0 0.7
Labour force 319.5 321.8 6.7 2.3 -17.2 0.7 -5.1
Employment 233.2 241.7 6.3 8.5 -45.3 3.6 -15.8
Unemployment 86.4 80.1 6.2 -6.3 28.1 -7.3 54.0
Participation rate 62.4 62.9 1.3 0.5 -3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 27.0 24.9 1.8 -2.1 9.6 ... ...
Employment rate 45.6 47.2 1.2 1.6 -9.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,535.9 1,537.3 ... 1.4 17.9 0.1 1.2
Labour force 1,182.9 1,192.7 6.4 9.8 8.6 0.8 0.7
Employment 1,061.0 1,059.2 7.4 -1.8 -61.6 -0.2 -5.5
Unemployment 121.9 133.5 6.9 11.6 70.3 9.5 111.2
Participation rate 77.0 77.6 0.4 0.6 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.3 11.2 0.6 0.9 5.9 ... ...
Employment rate 69.1 68.9 0.5 -0.2 -4.9 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,532.3 1,533.7 ... 1.4 21.2 0.1 1.4
Labour force 953.8 982.8 7.4 29.0 -5.8 3.0 -0.6
Employment 871.6 903.1 7.5 31.5 -35.7 3.6 -3.8
Unemployment 82.1 79.7 6.1 -2.4 29.9 -2.9 60.0
Participation rate 62.2 64.1 0.5 1.9 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 8.1 0.6 -0.5 3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 58.9 0.5 2.0 -3.2 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,179.9 4,185.4 ... 5.5 69.1 0.1 1.7
Labour force 2,674.3 2,668.0 13.2 -6.3 -11.4 -0.2 -0.4
Employment 2,389.5 2,444.3 13.1 54.8 -106.3 2.3 -4.2
Full-time employment 1,849.2 1,887.7 17.3 38.5 -117.4 2.1 -5.9
Unemployment 284.9 223.7 11.0 -61.2 94.9 -21.5 73.7
Participation rate 64.0 63.7 0.3 -0.3 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.7 8.4 0.4 -2.3 3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 58.4 0.3 1.2 -3.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 596.8 596.7 ... -0.1 4.8 -0.0 0.8
Labour force 387.5 359.8 7.7 -27.7 -15.5 -7.1 -4.1
Employment 300.1 302.7 7.2 2.6 -38.5 0.9 -11.3
Unemployment 87.4 57.1 6.3 -30.3 23.0 -34.7 67.4
Participation rate 64.9 60.3 1.3 -4.6 -3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 22.6 15.9 1.7 -6.7 6.8 ... ...
Employment rate 50.3 50.7 1.2 0.4 -6.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,752.9 1,755.9 ... 3.0 33.2 0.2 1.9
Labour force 1,208.6 1,202.4 6.7 -6.2 -3.8 -0.5 -0.3
Employment 1,100.7 1,111.2 7.2 10.5 -49.8 1.0 -4.3
Unemployment 108.0 91.2 6.0 -16.8 46.0 -15.6 101.8
Participation rate 68.9 68.5 0.4 -0.4 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.9 7.6 0.5 -1.3 3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.8 63.3 0.4 0.5 -4.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,830.2 1,832.9 ... 2.7 31.2 0.1 1.7
Labour force 1,078.2 1,105.7 7.3 27.5 7.8 2.6 0.7
Employment 988.7 1,030.4 7.4 41.7 -18.0 4.2 -1.7
Unemployment 89.5 75.3 6.0 -14.2 25.8 -15.9 52.1
Participation rate 58.9 60.3 0.4 1.4 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 6.8 0.5 -1.5 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 54.0 56.2 0.4 2.2 -2.0 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
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