Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in August 2019 and August 2020, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in August 2019 and August 2020, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2019 30,757.4 20,528.2 19,331.6 1,196.6 66.7 5.8 62.9
2020 31,170.6 20,359.2 18,045.6 2,313.7 65.3 11.4 57.9
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2019 440.1 266.5 234.6 31.9 60.6 12.0 53.3
2020 439.3 253.7 218.3 35.5 57.8 14.0 49.7
Avalon Peninsula              
2019 237.2 152.4 137.4 15.1 64.2 9.9 57.9
2020 238.1 148.0 128.8 19.2 62.2 13.0 54.1
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2019 118.5 63.4 53.6 9.9 53.5 15.6 45.2
2020 117.5 58.1 48.8 9.3 49.4 16.0 41.5
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2019 84.5 50.6 43.7 6.9 59.9 13.6 51.7
2020 83.8 47.7 40.7 7.0 56.9 14.7 48.6
Prince Edward Island              
2019 129.0 89.6 83.5 6.1 69.5 6.8 64.7
2020 131.6 88.9 80.2 8.6 67.6 9.7 60.9
Nova Scotia              
2019 807.4 511.9 475.3 36.6 63.4 7.1 58.9
2020 816.9 503.8 447.3 56.4 61.7 11.2 54.8
Cape Breton              
2019 104.0 58.0 50.5 7.6 55.8 13.1 48.6
2020 103.5 56.6 47.6 9.0 54.7 15.9 46.0
North Shore              
2019 127.8 76.4 71.1 5.3 59.8 6.9 55.6
2020 128.1 69.1 61.2 7.9 53.9 11.4 47.8
Annapolis Valley              
2019 103.5 62.7 58.5 4.2 60.6 6.7 56.5
2020 104.0 58.8 52.8 6.0 56.5 10.2 50.8
Southern              
2019 97.9 51.9 47.2 4.7 53.0 9.1 48.2
2020 98.3 55.4 49.1 6.4 56.4 11.6 49.9
Halifax              
2019 374.1 262.9 248.0 14.9 70.3 5.7 66.3
2020 382.9 263.8 236.7 27.1 68.9 10.3 61.8
New Brunswick              
2019 631.7 400.2 369.3 30.9 63.4 7.7 58.5
2020 636.7 398.3 361.3 37.0 62.6 9.3 56.7
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2019 127.0 70.1 62.2 8.0 55.2 11.4 49.0
2020 126.7 72.7 63.9 8.9 57.4 12.2 50.4
Moncton–Richibucto              
2019 184.1 119.7 111.4 8.3 65.0 6.9 60.5
2020 186.5 121.6 112.0 9.6 65.2 7.9 60.1
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2019 143.3 95.3 88.3 7.0 66.5 7.3 61.6
2020 144.4 90.3 82.0 8.3 62.5 9.2 56.8
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2019 114.4 75.6 70.6 4.9 66.1 6.5 61.7
2020 116.1 73.4 66.8 6.7 63.2 9.1 57.5
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2019 62.9 39.5 36.8 2.7 62.8 6.8 58.5
2020 63.0 40.2 36.7 3.5 63.8 8.7 58.3
Quebec              
2019 7,054.1 4,642.5 4,418.6 223.8 65.8 4.8 62.6
2020 7,120.5 4,641.2 4,203.3 437.9 65.2 9.4 59.0
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2019 75.6 40.9 37.6 3.4 54.1 8.3 49.7
2020 74.9 36.1 32.8 3.3 48.2 9.1 43.8
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2019 167.7 101.8 98.3 3.5 60.7 3.4 58.6
2020 167.2 95.8 91.1 4.7 57.3 4.9 54.5
Capitale-Nationale              
2019 631.1 431.7 420.3 11.4 68.4 2.6 66.6
2020 633.9 412.3 388.6 23.7 65.0 5.7 61.3
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2019 354.0 231.6 226.2 5.4 65.4 2.3 63.9
2020 355.2 246.9 234.4 12.5 69.5 5.1 66.0
Estrie              
2019 277.4 175.9 167.7 8.2 63.4 4.7 60.5
2020 280.1 175.2 163.2 11.9 62.5 6.8 58.3
Centre-du-Québec              
2019 204.2 132.0 127.0 5.0 64.6 3.8 62.2
2020 205.1 125.5 119.1 6.4 61.2 5.1 58.1
Montérégie              
2019 1,289.9 849.1 817.6 31.5 65.8 3.7 63.4
2020 1,299.8 878.7 802.9 75.8 67.6 8.6 61.8
Montréal              
2019 1,753.8 1,209.6 1,111.3 98.3 69.0 8.1 63.4
2020 1,789.7 1,194.7 1,012.4 182.2 66.8 15.3 56.6
Laval              
2019 367.8 227.0 218.9 8.2 61.7 3.6 59.5
2020 372.9 245.6 227.5 18.1 65.9 7.4 61.0
Lanaudière              
2019 423.8 280.7 271.6 9.1 66.2 3.2 64.1
2020 426.5 304.2 280.4 23.9 71.3 7.9 65.7
Laurentides              
2019 517.1 331.9 317.8 14.1 64.2 4.2 61.5
2020 523.3 313.4 282.4 31.0 59.9 9.9 54.0
Outaouais              
2019 328.0 223.4 214.6 8.8 68.1 3.9 65.4
2020 330.9 211.0 194.0 17.0 63.8 8.1 58.6
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2019 119.9 79.8 76.9 2.9 66.6 3.6 64.1
2020 119.5 73.5 70.1 3.3 61.5 4.5 58.7
Mauricie              
2019 225.7 130.7 125.3 5.4 57.9 4.1 55.5
2020 225.6 135.9 125.9 10.0 60.2 7.4 55.8
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2019 229.2 139.6 132.9 6.7 60.9 4.8 58.0
2020 228.1 138.1 127.2 10.8 60.5 7.8 55.8
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2019 88.9 56.8 54.7 2.1 63.9 3.7 61.5
2020 87.7 54.2 51.2 3.0 61.8 5.5 58.4
Ontario              
2019 12,139.6 8,019.3 7,540.9 478.4 66.1 6.0 62.1
2020 12,332.1 7,967.7 7,003.5 964.2 64.6 12.1 56.8
Ottawa              
2019 1,163.1 802.7 761.2 41.4 69.0 5.2 65.4
2020 1,180.4 777.5 701.6 76.0 65.9 9.8 59.4
Kingston–Pembroke              
2019 387.8 232.6 218.6 14.0 60.0 6.0 56.4
2020 390.1 220.6 198.4 22.2 56.5 10.1 50.9
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2019 339.0 187.3 176.2 11.1 55.3 5.9 52.0
2020 342.4 195.9 178.1 17.9 57.2 9.1 52.0
Toronto              
2019 5,827.3 3,945.6 3,699.0 246.6 67.7 6.3 63.5
2020 5,949.5 3,986.4 3,421.1 565.4 67.0 14.2 57.5
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2019 1,158.3 804.1 760.2 43.9 69.4 5.5 65.6
2020 1,180.0 791.9 706.8 85.0 67.1 10.7 59.9
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2019 1,264.4 814.7 771.1 43.5 64.4 5.3 61.0
2020 1,279.8 798.5 713.5 85.0 62.4 10.6 55.8
London              
2019 583.9 358.0 334.6 23.4 61.3 6.5 57.3
2020 591.8 370.0 336.8 33.2 62.5 9.0 56.9
Windsor–Sarnia              
2019 539.2 324.5 301.8 22.7 60.2 7.0 56.0
2020 543.0 301.0 266.9 34.1 55.4 11.3 49.2
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2019 250.2 168.4 161.0 7.3 67.3 4.3 64.3
2020 251.2 154.3 140.8 13.5 61.4 8.7 56.1
Northeast              
2019 454.7 269.7 251.4 18.2 59.3 6.7 55.3
2020 452.7 271.2 247.7 23.4 59.9 8.6 54.7
Northwest              
2019 171.8 111.9 105.8 6.1 65.1 5.5 61.6
2020 171.1 100.3 91.9 8.4 58.6 8.4 53.7
Manitoba              
2019 1,037.9 700.0 658.6 41.4 67.4 5.9 63.5
2020 1,046.8 700.8 634.4 66.5 66.9 9.5 60.6
Southeast              
2019 95.7 63.8 61.4 2.4 66.7 3.8 64.2
2020 96.8 62.2 58.4 3.8 64.3 6.1 60.3
South Central and North Central              
2019 88.0 57.1 53.8 3.3 64.9 5.8 61.1
2020 88.6 56.7 54.1 2.6 64.0 4.6 61.1
Southwest              
2019 90.5 62.6 59.4 3.2 69.2 5.1 65.6
2020 90.8 60.4 55.1 5.3 66.5 8.8 60.7
Winnipeg              
2019 635.0 433.5 406.5 27.0 68.3 6.2 64.0
2020 643.7 444.1 394.5 49.6 69.0 11.2 61.3
Interlake              
2019 76.3 49.8 47.4 2.3 65.3 4.6 62.1
2020 76.4 46.0 43.1 2.9 60.2 6.3 56.4
Parklands and North              
2019 52.4 33.3 30.2 3.1 63.5 9.3 57.6
2020 50.7 31.4 29.1 2.3 61.9 7.3 57.4
Saskatchewan              
2019 889.6 622.9 588.0 35.0 70.0 5.6 66.1
2020 893.8 614.0 555.3 58.7 68.7 9.6 62.1
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2019 275.4 199.0 188.8 10.3 72.3 5.2 68.6
2020 278.1 191.4 173.7 17.6 68.8 9.2 62.5
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2019 80.5 54.5 51.7 2.7 67.7 5.0 64.2
2020 79.9 55.2 51.1 4.1 69.1 7.4 64.0
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2019 316.5 221.5 208.8 12.7 70.0 5.7 66.0
2020 321.7 226.4 201.2 25.2 70.4 11.1 62.5
Yorkton–Melville              
2019 59.2 40.6 39.5 1.2 68.6 3.0 66.7
2020 58.2 36.4 34.3 2.2 62.5 6.0 58.9
Prince Albert and Northern              
2019 157.9 107.3 99.1 8.1 68.0 7.5 62.8
2020 156.0 104.5 95.0 9.6 67.0 9.2 60.9
Alberta              
2019 3,528.2 2,551.4 2,366.8 184.5 72.3 7.2 67.1
2020 3,578.1 2,495.9 2,158.0 337.9 69.8 13.5 60.3
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2019 233.0 159.5 148.0 11.4 68.5 7.1 63.5
2020 234.6 146.2 133.6 12.6 62.3 8.6 56.9
Camrose–Drumheller              
2019 158.8 102.5 96.8 5.7 64.5 5.6 61.0
2020 158.0 102.2 88.5 13.7 64.7 13.4 56.0
Calgary              
2019 1,364.0 1,006.7 932.4 74.3 73.8 7.4 68.4
2020 1,393.3 1,005.7 862.5 143.2 72.2 14.2 61.9
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2019 273.3 200.0 189.3 10.7 73.2 5.4 69.3
2020 271.4 184.7 162.3 22.4 68.1 12.1 59.8
Red Deer              
2019 175.8 123.9 114.8 9.1 70.5 7.3 65.3
2020 176.8 120.4 104.9 15.5 68.1 12.9 59.3
Edmonton              
2019 1,211.1 868.9 801.4 67.6 71.7 7.8 66.2
2020 1,234.7 853.9 733.1 120.8 69.2 14.1 59.4
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2019 112.2 89.8 84.1 5.7 80.0 6.3 75.0
2020 109.4 82.9 73.1 9.8 75.8 11.8 66.8
British Columbia              
2019 4,099.9 2,723.9 2,596.0 127.9 66.4 4.7 63.3
2020 4,174.8 2,695.0 2,384.1 310.9 64.6 11.5 57.1
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2019 686.9 417.7 400.2 17.5 60.8 4.2 58.3
2020 698.2 427.6 383.6 44.1 61.2 10.3 54.9
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2019 2,586.6 1,759.6 1,677.4 82.2 68.0 4.7 64.8
2020 2,643.2 1,718.6 1,508.1 210.6 65.0 12.3 57.1
Thompson–Okanagan              
2019 453.3 295.9 282.3 13.7 65.3 4.6 62.3
2020 460.5 297.6 267.6 30.0 64.6 10.1 58.1
Kootenay              
2019 123.4 74.5 70.0 4.5 60.4 6.0 56.7
2020 123.8 82.1 72.9 9.3 66.3 11.3 58.9
Cariboo              
2019 128.1 88.4 82.9 5.5 69.0 6.2 64.7
2020 128.5 85.5 76.6 8.9 66.5 10.4 59.6
North Coast and Nechako              
2019 66.1 45.8 43.5 2.3 69.3 5.0 65.8
2020 65.9 43.6 38.3 5.3 66.2 12.2 58.1
Northeast              
2019 55.4 41.9 39.6 2.3 75.6 5.5 71.5
2020 54.8 39.9 37.1 2.8 72.8 7.0 67.7
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0293-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0122).
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