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Income of families and individuals: Sub-provincial data from the T1 Family File, 2018

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Released: 2020-09-02

Data for 2018 family income and related demographic variables are now available for various sub-provincial and sub-territorial geographic areas. While this information does not yet reflect the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, it does provide useful insights on the economic well-being of Canadians prior to the pandemic, and could serve as a baseline for measuring the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on various aspects of the economy in the future.

  Note to readers

Family and individual income data for 2018 are now available from the T1 Family File (T1FF). Data are derived from personal income tax returns filed in spring 2019, and are available for Canada, the provinces and territories, and various sub-provincial and sub-territorial geographic areas. Data are not adjusted on the basis of Statistics Canada's population estimates.

Data are available for individuals and census families. A census family refers to a married or a common-law couple, with or without children at home, or a lone-parent family. Results also include persons not in a census family.

This data source includes statistics on low-income individuals and families according to the Census Family After-tax Low-Income Measure (CFLIM-AT). Data based on the CFLIM-AT methodology can be found in tables 11-10-0018-01 and 11-10-0020-01.

In this data source, low-income estimates differ from those reported in other sources, such as the 2016 Census or the Canadian Income Survey. Users interested in understanding the differences can refer to the paper "Low Income Measure: Comparison of Two Data Sources, T1 Family File and 2016 Census of Population."


The Technical Reference Guide for the Annual Income Estimates for Census Families, Individuals and Seniors, T1 Family File, Final Estimates (Catalogue number72-212-X) presents information about the methodology, concepts and data quality for the T1 Family File.

The most recent sub-provincial income information for families and individuals for metropolitan areas can also be explored in an interactive format by visiting the Sources of family income by family type, sub-provincial regions, T1 Family File: Interactive tool and the Income of men and women, sub-provincial regions, T1 Family File: Interactive tool.

Data on income of families (Catalogue number13C0016, various prices), income of individuals (Catalogue number13C0015, various prices) and income of seniors (Catalogue number89C0022, various prices) are available for Canada, the provinces and territories, federal electoral districts, economic regions, census divisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, census tracts, and postal-based geographies. These custom services are available upon request.

The Income, pensions, spending and wealth portal, which is accessible from the Subjects module of the Statistics Canada website, provides users with a single point of access to a wide variety of information related to revenue, pensions, spending and wealth.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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