Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  June
2020
July
2020
Standard error1 June to July 2020 July 2019 to July 2020 June to July 2020 July 2019 to July 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,116.4 7,119.9 ... 3.5 65.1 0.0 0.9
Labour force 4,527.6 4,576.8 17.3 49.2 4.8 1.1 0.1
Employment 4,042.4 4,140.0 19.0 97.6 -207.7 2.4 -4.8
Full-time employment 3,370.7 3,370.0 23.4 -0.7 -165.9 0.0 -4.7
Unemployment 485.3 436.8 16.1 -48.5 212.5 -10.0 94.7
Participation rate 63.6 64.3 0.2 0.7 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.7 9.5 0.3 -1.2 4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 58.1 0.3 1.3 -3.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 890.6 889.9 ... -0.7 -5.4 -0.1 -0.6
Labour force 602.5 609.8 9.0 7.3 -10.4 1.2 -1.7
Employment 462.9 500.7 9.3 37.8 -67.9 8.2 -11.9
Unemployment 139.7 109.2 8.6 -30.5 57.6 -21.8 111.6
Participation rate 67.7 68.5 1.0 0.8 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 23.2 17.9 1.3 -5.3 9.6 ... ...
Employment rate 52.0 56.3 1.0 4.3 -7.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,079.8 3,082.2 ... 2.4 39.1 0.1 1.3
Labour force 2,076.2 2,111.1 10.0 34.9 17.0 1.7 0.8
Employment 1,903.2 1,937.8 11.6 34.6 -55.1 1.8 -2.8
Unemployment 173.0 173.3 9.8 0.3 72.1 0.2 71.2
Participation rate 67.4 68.5 0.3 1.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 8.2 0.5 -0.1 3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 62.9 0.4 1.1 -2.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,146.0 3,147.8 ... 1.8 31.4 0.1 1.0
Labour force 1,848.9 1,855.9 10.1 7.0 -1.8 0.4 -0.1
Employment 1,676.3 1,701.6 11.1 25.3 -84.6 1.5 -4.7
Unemployment 172.6 154.3 9.2 -18.3 82.8 -10.6 115.8
Participation rate 58.8 59.0 0.3 0.2 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.3 8.3 0.5 -1.0 4.5 ... ...
Employment rate 53.3 54.1 0.4 0.8 -3.2 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,321.6 12,333.1 ... 11.5 191.3 0.1 1.6
Labour force 7,719.9 7,813.8 25.7 93.9 -63.9 1.2 -0.8
Employment 6,776.5 6,927.2 25.0 150.7 -503.1 2.2 -6.8
Full-time employment 5,641.4 5,647.0 31.0 5.6 -440.6 0.1 -7.2
Unemployment 943.4 886.6 22.1 -56.8 439.2 -6.0 98.2
Participation rate 62.7 63.4 0.2 0.7 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.2 11.3 0.3 -0.9 5.6 ... ...
Employment rate 55.0 56.2 0.2 1.2 -5.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,844.4 1,843.9 ... -0.5 13.4 0.0 0.7
Labour force 1,040.2 1,099.5 14.9 59.3 -15.4 5.7 -1.4
Employment 728.2 786.8 13.8 58.6 -184.4 8.0 -19.0
Unemployment 312.1 312.7 12.8 0.6 169.0 0.2 117.6
Participation rate 56.4 59.6 0.8 3.2 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 30.0 28.4 1.1 -1.6 15.5 ... ...
Employment rate 39.5 42.7 0.8 3.2 -10.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,076.4 5,082.8 ... 6.4 91.6 0.1 1.8
Labour force 3,534.4 3,549.1 13.2 14.7 -10.7 0.4 -0.3
Employment 3,238.3 3,252.4 13.4 14.1 -145.9 0.4 -4.3
Unemployment 296.1 296.8 12.2 0.7 135.3 0.2 83.8
Participation rate 69.6 69.8 0.3 0.2 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.4 8.4 0.3 0.0 3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 64.0 0.3 0.2 -4.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,400.9 5,406.5 ... 5.6 86.4 0.1 1.6
Labour force 3,145.3 3,165.1 14.6 19.8 -37.9 0.6 -1.2
Employment 2,810.0 2,888.0 14.4 78.0 -172.8 2.8 -5.6
Unemployment 335.3 277.1 12.1 -58.2 134.9 -17.4 94.9
Participation rate 58.2 58.5 0.3 0.3 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.7 8.8 0.4 -1.9 4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 52.0 53.4 0.3 1.4 -4.1 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,046.5 1,046.8 ... 0.3 8.6 0.0 0.8
Labour force 685.8 685.3 3.3 -0.5 -4.3 -0.1 -0.6
Employment 616.7 629.1 3.3 12.4 -20.7 2.0 -3.2
Full-time employment 495.6 501.8 4.4 6.2 -17.5 1.3 -3.4
Unemployment 69.1 56.3 2.7 -12.8 16.5 -18.5 41.5
Participation rate 65.5 65.5 0.3 0.0 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.1 8.2 0.4 -1.9 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 60.1 0.3 1.2 -2.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 166.5 166.3 ... -0.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3
Labour force 109.6 106.3 1.9 -3.3 -4.0 -3.0 -3.6
Employment 88.4 87.7 1.8 -0.7 -8.9 -0.8 -9.2
Unemployment 21.2 18.5 1.6 -2.7 4.8 -12.7 35.0
Participation rate 65.8 63.9 1.1 -1.9 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 19.3 17.4 1.4 -1.9 5.0 ... ...
Employment rate 53.1 52.7 1.1 -0.4 -5.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 432.4 432.6 ... 0.2 4.4 0.0 1.0
Labour force 314.5 315.5 1.7 1.0 3.6 0.3 1.2
Employment 288.2 294.6 1.8 6.4 -2.4 2.2 -0.8
Unemployment 26.3 20.9 1.6 -5.4 6.1 -20.5 41.2
Participation rate 72.7 72.9 0.4 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.4 6.6 0.5 -1.8 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 66.7 68.1 0.4 1.4 -1.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 447.6 447.8 ... 0.2 4.7 0.0 1.1
Labour force 261.7 263.6 1.8 1.9 -3.8 0.7 -1.4
Employment 240.1 246.7 1.9 6.6 -9.4 2.7 -3.7
Unemployment 21.6 16.8 1.5 -4.8 5.5 -22.2 48.7
Participation rate 58.5 58.9 0.4 0.4 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 6.4 0.5 -1.9 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 53.6 55.1 0.4 1.5 -2.7 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 893.8 893.6 ... -0.2 4.0 0.0 0.4
Labour force 608.1 604.2 2.9 -3.9 -8.9 -0.6 -1.5
Employment 537.8 551.1 3.0 13.3 -28.8 2.5 -5.0
Full-time employment 444.9 455.4 3.9 10.5 -11.9 2.4 -2.5
Unemployment 70.3 53.1 2.6 -17.2 19.9 -24.5 59.9
Participation rate 68.0 67.6 0.3 -0.4 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.6 8.8 0.4 -2.8 3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 61.7 0.3 1.5 -3.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.4 131.4 ... 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2
Labour force 85.6 86.5 1.6 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.9
Employment 66.8 70.8 1.5 4.0 -4.1 6.0 -5.5
Unemployment 18.8 15.7 1.5 -3.1 4.9 -16.5 45.4
Participation rate 65.1 65.8 1.2 0.7 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 22.0 18.2 1.7 -3.8 5.6 ... ...
Employment rate 50.8 53.9 1.2 3.1 -3.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 381.8 381.7 ... -0.1 2.1 0.0 0.6
Labour force 287.8 285.0 1.5 -2.8 -1.6 -1.0 -0.6
Employment 257.1 262.6 1.7 5.5 -11.7 2.1 -4.3
Unemployment 30.7 22.4 1.6 -8.3 10.1 -27.0 82.1
Participation rate 75.4 74.7 0.4 -0.7 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.7 7.9 0.5 -2.8 3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 67.3 68.8 0.5 1.5 -3.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 380.6 380.6 ... 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.6
Labour force 234.7 232.7 1.6 -2.0 -8.2 -0.9 -3.4
Employment 213.9 217.8 1.6 3.9 -12.9 1.8 -5.6
Unemployment 20.8 14.9 1.3 -5.9 4.8 -28.4 47.5
Participation rate 61.7 61.1 0.4 -0.6 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.9 6.4 0.5 -2.5 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 56.2 57.2 0.4 1.0 -3.8 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,576.2 3,578.0 ... 1.8 49.2 0.1 1.4
Labour force 2,471.3 2,472.2 12.3 0.9 -48.2 0.0 -1.9
Employment 2,088.8 2,156.1 12.6 67.3 -185.9 3.2 -7.9
Full-time employment 1,717.5 1,747.9 15.5 30.4 -167.6 1.8 -8.7
Unemployment 382.5 316.1 11.6 -66.4 137.7 -17.4 77.2
Participation rate 69.1 69.1 0.3 0.0 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.5 12.8 0.5 -2.7 5.7 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 60.3 0.4 1.9 -6.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 511.6 511.7 ... 0.1 4.4 0.0 0.9
Labour force 325.7 320.8 6.7 -4.9 -9.7 -1.5 -2.9
Employment 225.6 234.3 6.3 8.7 -52.5 3.9 -18.3
Unemployment 100.0 86.5 6.2 -13.5 42.8 -13.5 97.9
Participation rate 63.7 62.7 1.3 -1.0 -2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 30.7 27.0 1.8 -3.7 13.8 ... ...
Employment rate 44.1 45.8 1.2 1.7 -10.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,534.3 1,535.1 ... 0.8 20.6 0.1 1.4
Labour force 1,199.4 1,193.8 6.4 -5.6 -7.6 -0.5 -0.6
Employment 1,029.6 1,058.3 7.4 28.7 -60.0 2.8 -5.4
Unemployment 169.8 135.5 6.9 -34.3 52.5 -20.2 63.3
Participation rate 78.2 77.8 0.4 -0.4 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.2 11.4 0.6 -2.8 4.5 ... ...
Employment rate 67.1 68.9 0.5 1.8 -4.9 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,530.3 1,531.3 ... 1.0 24.3 0.1 1.6
Labour force 946.2 957.6 7.4 11.4 -31.0 1.2 -3.1
Employment 833.6 863.5 7.5 29.9 -73.4 3.6 -7.8
Unemployment 112.7 94.1 6.1 -18.6 42.4 -16.5 82.0
Participation rate 61.8 62.5 0.5 0.7 -3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.9 9.8 0.6 -2.1 4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 54.5 56.4 0.5 1.9 -5.8 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,169.0 4,175.6 ... 6.6 75.0 0.2 1.8
Labour force 2,649.5 2,669.5 13.2 20.0 -17.0 0.8 -0.6
Employment 2,304.0 2,374.2 13.1 70.2 -192.2 3.0 -7.5
Full-time employment 1,814.2 1,835.9 17.3 21.7 -162.7 1.2 -8.1
Unemployment 345.5 295.3 11.0 -50.2 175.2 -14.5 145.9
Participation rate 63.6 63.9 0.3 0.3 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.0 11.1 0.4 -1.9 6.6 ... ...
Employment rate 55.3 56.9 0.3 1.6 -5.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 596.5 596.8 ... 0.3 7.1 0.1 1.2
Labour force 382.5 392.3 7.7 9.8 2.5 2.6 0.6
Employment 271.0 297.6 7.2 26.6 -56.2 9.8 -15.9
Unemployment 111.4 94.7 6.3 -16.7 58.8 -15.0 163.8
Participation rate 64.1 65.7 1.3 1.6 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 29.1 24.1 1.7 -5.0 14.9 ... ...
Employment rate 45.4 49.9 1.2 4.5 -10.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,747.5 1,750.8 ... 3.3 35.1 0.2 2.0
Labour force 1,183.9 1,205.7 6.7 21.8 3.0 1.8 0.2
Employment 1,073.6 1,098.4 7.2 24.8 -63.3 2.3 -5.4
Unemployment 110.2 107.2 6.0 -3.0 66.2 -2.7 161.5
Participation rate 67.7 68.9 0.4 1.2 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.3 8.9 0.5 -0.4 5.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 62.7 0.4 1.3 -5.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,825.1 1,828.1 ... 3.0 32.9 0.2 1.8
Labour force 1,083.2 1,071.5 7.3 -11.7 -22.5 -1.1 -2.1
Employment 959.3 978.1 7.4 18.8 -72.8 2.0 -6.9
Unemployment 123.9 93.4 6.0 -30.5 50.2 -24.6 116.2
Participation rate 59.4 58.6 0.4 -0.8 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.4 8.7 0.5 -2.7 4.8 ... ...
Employment rate 52.6 53.5 0.4 0.9 -5.0 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
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