Chart 1
Science and technology expenditures by type of activity (2008 to 2018)

millions of dollars 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Total science and technologyTotal science and technology Research and developmentResearch and development Related scientific activitiesRelated scientific activities
Source(s):

Chart description


This is a line chart.

Science and technology expenditures by type of activity (2008 to 2018), millions of dollars
  Total science and technology Research and development Related scientific activities
2008 10,573 6,573 4,000
2009 11,614 7,374 4,239
2010 11,598 7,601 3,997
2011 10,993 6,901 4,091
2012 10,754 6,911 3,843
2013 10,670 6,978 3,692
2014 10,265 6,758 3,506
2015 10,441 6,620 3,821
2016 11,427 7,092 4,335
2017 12,054 7,742 4,312
2018 12,259 7,554 4,705
Source(s):
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