Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  March
2020
April
2020
Standard error1 March to April 2020 April 2019 to April 2020 March to April 2020 April 2019 to April 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 187.0 187.2 ... 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.6
Labour force 122.6 118.7 0.9 -3.9 -7.6 -3.2 -6.0
Employment 112.4 107.2 0.9 -5.2 -9.2 -4.6 -7.9
Unemployment 10.2 11.5 0.5 1.3 1.6 12.7 16.2
Participation rate 65.6 63.4 0.5 -2.2 -4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 9.7 0.4 1.4 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 60.1 57.3 0.5 -2.8 -5.3 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 379.6 380.3 ... 0.7 9.2 0.2 2.5
Labour force 256.0 248.2 1.4 -7.8 -2.3 -3.0 -0.9
Employment 238.5 226.0 1.4 -12.5 -11.5 -5.2 -4.8
Unemployment 17.5 22.2 0.7 4.7 9.2 26.9 70.8
Participation rate 67.4 65.3 0.4 -2.1 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 8.9 0.3 2.1 3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 62.8 59.4 0.4 -3.4 -4.6 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 133.0 133.2 ... 0.2 2.6 0.2 2.0
Labour force 87.8 86.0 0.9 -1.8 -0.8 -2.1 -0.9
Employment 82.8 80.0 0.9 -2.8 -1.7 -3.4 -2.1
Unemployment 5.0 6.0 0.4 1.0 0.9 20.0 17.6
Participation rate 66.0 64.6 0.7 -1.4 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 7.0 0.4 1.3 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 60.1 0.7 -2.2 -2.5 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 107.7 107.8 ... 0.1 1.3 0.1 1.2
Labour force 68.6 66.6 0.8 -2.0 -5.2 -2.9 -7.2
Employment 63.6 60.3 0.8 -3.3 -7.2 -5.2 -10.7
Unemployment 5.0 6.3 0.4 1.3 2.0 26.0 46.5
Participation rate 63.7 61.8 0.7 -1.9 -5.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.3 9.5 0.5 2.2 3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.1 55.9 0.7 -3.2 -7.5 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.4 133.3 ... -0.1 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4
Labour force 79.8 77.6 0.9 -2.2 0.2 -2.8 0.3
Employment 74.6 69.0 0.9 -5.6 -4.8 -7.5 -6.5
Unemployment 5.2 8.6 0.3 3.4 4.9 65.4 132.4
Participation rate 59.8 58.2 0.7 -1.6 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 11.1 0.4 4.6 6.3 ... ...
Employment rate 55.9 51.8 0.7 -4.1 -3.3 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 690.1 690.4 ... 0.3 4.1 0.0 0.6
Labour force 451.4 441.8 3.3 -9.6 -38.0 -2.1 -7.9
Employment 426.6 400.0 3.4 -26.6 -64.6 -6.2 -13.9
Unemployment 24.9 41.8 1.3 16.9 26.6 67.9 175.0
Participation rate 65.4 64.0 0.5 -1.4 -5.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 9.5 0.3 4.0 6.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 57.9 0.5 -3.9 -9.8 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 189.4 189.6 ... 0.2 2.6 0.1 1.4
Labour force 118.2 115.9 1.1 -2.3 0.0 -1.9 0.0
Employment 111.7 105.1 1.1 -6.6 -6.9 -5.9 -6.2
Unemployment 6.4 10.7 0.4 4.3 6.8 67.2 174.4
Participation rate 62.4 61.1 0.6 -1.3 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 9.2 0.4 3.8 5.8 ... ...
Employment rate 59.0 55.4 0.6 -3.6 -4.5 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.6 135.6 ... 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.5
Labour force 84.6 82.7 0.8 -1.9 2.5 -2.2 3.1
Employment 79.2 74.6 0.9 -4.6 -1.2 -5.8 -1.6
Unemployment 5.3 8.1 0.3 2.8 3.6 52.8 80.0
Participation rate 62.4 61.0 0.6 -1.4 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 9.8 0.4 3.5 4.2 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 55.0 0.6 -3.4 -1.2 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,546.1 3,551.0 ... 4.9 54.1 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,330.0 2,290.0 8.3 -40.0 -41.6 -1.7 -1.8
Employment 2,180.2 2,049.6 8.5 -130.6 -154.9 -6.0 -7.0
Unemployment 149.8 240.4 4.6 90.6 113.3 60.5 89.1
Participation rate 65.7 64.5 0.2 -1.2 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 10.5 0.2 4.1 5.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 57.7 0.2 -3.8 -5.3 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,186.5 1,188.2 ... 1.7 24.0 0.1 2.1
Labour force 799.5 783.5 4.5 -16.0 -9.2 -2.0 -1.2
Employment 758.8 729.6 4.5 -29.2 -19.9 -3.8 -2.7
Unemployment 40.7 53.9 2.0 13.2 10.7 32.4 24.8
Participation rate 67.4 65.9 0.4 -1.5 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 6.9 0.2 1.8 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 64.0 61.4 0.4 -2.6 -3.0 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 283.4 283.6 ... 0.2 3.2 0.1 1.1
Labour force 189.5 186.2 1.5 -3.3 -6.9 -1.7 -3.6
Employment 178.6 169.7 1.5 -8.9 -12.8 -5.0 -7.0
Unemployment 10.9 16.5 0.6 5.6 5.9 51.4 55.7
Participation rate 66.9 65.7 0.5 -1.2 -3.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 8.9 0.3 3.1 3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.0 59.8 0.5 -3.2 -5.3 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 903.1 904.5 ... 1.4 20.7 0.2 2.3
Labour force 610.0 597.3 4.3 -12.7 -2.3 -2.1 -0.4
Employment 580.2 559.9 4.3 -20.3 -7.1 -3.5 -1.3
Unemployment 29.8 37.4 1.9 7.6 4.8 25.5 14.7
Participation rate 67.5 66.0 0.5 -1.5 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 6.3 0.3 1.4 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.2 61.9 0.5 -2.3 -2.3 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 147.4 147.6 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.7
Labour force 91.1 88.4 0.8 -2.7 -4.2 -3.0 -4.5
Employment 85.9 81.4 0.8 -4.5 -6.8 -5.2 -7.7
Unemployment 5.2 7.0 0.3 1.8 2.6 34.6 59.1
Participation rate 61.8 59.9 0.6 -1.9 -3.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 7.9 0.3 2.2 3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 55.1 0.6 -3.2 -5.7 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 108.4 108.5 ... 0.1 1.4 0.1 1.3
Labour force 58.1 56.1 1.3 -2.0 -10.5 -3.4 -15.8
Employment 54.2 51.8 1.3 -2.4 -10.8 -4.4 -17.3
Unemployment 3.9 4.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 10.3 7.5
Participation rate 53.6 51.7 1.2 -1.9 -10.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 7.7 0.7 1.0 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 50.0 47.7 1.2 -2.3 -10.8 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 350.0 350.5 ... 0.5 6.8 0.1 2.0
Labour force 235.4 231.3 2.0 -4.1 -5.5 -1.7 -2.3
Employment 217.0 211.6 2.0 -5.4 -13.5 -2.5 -6.0
Unemployment 18.3 19.7 0.9 1.4 8.0 7.7 68.4
Participation rate 67.3 66.0 0.6 -1.3 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.8 8.5 0.4 0.7 3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 60.4 0.6 -1.6 -5.1 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,649.2 5,658.8 ... 9.6 139.2 0.2 2.5
Labour force 3,712.4 3,581.1 11.0 -131.3 -108.4 -3.5 -2.9
Employment 3,489.5 3,298.9 11.1 -190.6 -149.0 -5.5 -4.3
Unemployment 223.0 282.2 6.3 59.2 40.6 26.5 16.8
Participation rate 65.7 63.3 0.2 -2.4 -3.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 7.9 0.2 1.9 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 58.3 0.2 -3.5 -4.2 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 684.6 685.2 ... 0.6 9.8 0.1 1.5
Labour force 449.4 440.4 3.5 -9.0 5.7 -2.0 1.3
Employment 424.0 407.4 3.7 -16.6 -10.1 -3.9 -2.4
Unemployment 25.4 32.9 1.4 7.5 15.7 29.5 91.3
Participation rate 65.6 64.3 0.5 -1.3 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 7.5 0.3 1.8 3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 59.5 0.5 -2.4 -2.3 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 360.2 360.5 ... 0.3 4.8 0.1 1.3
Labour force 210.2 203.5 2.2 -6.7 -5.9 -3.2 -2.8
Employment 193.7 183.3 2.2 -10.4 -12.7 -5.4 -6.5
Unemployment 16.5 20.2 0.9 3.7 6.9 22.4 51.9
Participation rate 58.4 56.4 0.6 -2.0 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.8 9.9 0.4 2.1 3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 53.8 50.8 0.6 -3.0 -4.3 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 454.0 454.6 ... 0.6 8.8 0.1 2.0
Labour force 326.1 314.7 2.4 -11.4 -3.6 -3.5 -1.1
Employment 306.6 290.2 2.4 -16.4 -12.5 -5.3 -4.1
Unemployment 19.5 24.5 1.1 5.0 9.0 25.6 58.1
Participation rate 71.8 69.2 0.5 -2.6 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 7.8 0.3 1.8 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 67.5 63.8 0.5 -3.7 -4.1 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 119.2 119.4 ... 0.2 1.8 0.2 1.5
Labour force 77.6 77.3 0.8 -0.3 -4.8 -0.4 -5.8
Employment 73.0 70.0 0.9 -3.0 -8.1 -4.1 -10.4
Unemployment 4.6 7.3 0.4 2.7 3.2 58.7 78.0
Participation rate 65.1 64.7 0.7 -0.4 -5.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 9.4 0.5 3.5 4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 58.6 0.7 -2.6 -7.8 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 141.5 141.7 ... 0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6
Labour force 93.5 93.9 1.1 0.4 -4.6 0.4 -4.7
Employment 88.5 85.8 1.2 -2.7 -8.9 -3.1 -9.4
Unemployment 5.0 8.1 0.5 3.1 4.2 62.0 107.7
Participation rate 66.1 66.3 0.8 0.2 -5.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 8.6 0.5 3.3 4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.5 60.6 0.8 -1.9 -8.0 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 452.6 453.1 ... 0.5 8.3 0.1 1.9
Labour force 278.9 270.6 2.6 -8.3 10.6 -3.0 4.1
Employment 262.7 246.4 2.6 -16.3 -1.0 -6.2 -0.4
Unemployment 16.3 24.1 1.1 7.8 11.4 47.9 89.8
Participation rate 61.6 59.7 0.6 -1.9 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 8.9 0.4 3.1 4.0 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 54.4 0.6 -3.6 -1.2 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 298.3 298.6 ... 0.3 5.0 0.1 1.7
Labour force 180.2 169.6 1.9 -10.6 -16.3 -5.9 -8.8
Employment 161.2 147.8 1.9 -13.4 -27.5 -8.3 -15.7
Unemployment 19.0 21.8 0.9 2.8 11.2 14.7 105.7
Participation rate 60.4 56.8 0.7 -3.6 -6.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.5 12.9 0.5 2.4 7.2 ... ...
Employment rate 54.0 49.5 0.7 -4.5 -10.2 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 182.4 182.7 ... 0.3 3.8 0.2 2.1
Labour force 135.7 134.9 2.0 -0.8 10.9 -0.6 8.8
Employment 128.0 122.6 1.9 -5.4 7.2 -4.2 6.2
Unemployment 7.7 12.3 0.9 4.6 3.7 59.7 43.0
Participation rate 74.4 73.8 1.1 -0.6 4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 9.1 0.7 3.4 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 70.2 67.1 1.1 -3.1 2.6 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.3 141.2 ... -0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1
Labour force 88.6 85.2 0.8 -3.4 -6.4 -3.8 -7.0
Employment 83.6 79.4 0.8 -4.2 -7.2 -5.0 -8.3
Unemployment 5.0 5.8 0.4 0.8 0.9 16.0 18.4
Participation rate 62.7 60.3 0.6 -2.4 -4.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 6.8 0.4 1.2 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 56.2 0.6 -3.0 -5.2 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.6 104.6 ... 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1
Labour force 65.2 62.7 0.6 -2.5 -2.1 -3.8 -3.2
Employment 61.2 57.5 0.6 -3.7 -3.6 -6.0 -5.9
Unemployment 4.0 5.2 0.2 1.2 1.4 30.0 36.8
Participation rate 62.3 59.9 0.6 -2.4 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 8.3 0.4 2.2 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.5 55.0 0.5 -3.5 -3.4 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 704.3 704.9 ... 0.6 11.5 0.1 1.7
Labour force 475.3 465.4 1.4 -9.9 -4.0 -2.1 -0.9
Employment 449.3 429.5 1.5 -19.8 -15.6 -4.4 -3.5
Unemployment 26.0 35.8 0.8 9.8 11.5 37.7 47.3
Participation rate 67.5 66.0 0.2 -1.5 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 7.7 0.2 2.2 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 60.9 0.2 -2.9 -3.3 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 215.0 215.4 ... 0.4 4.1 0.2 1.9
Labour force 146.3 142.5 1.0 -3.8 -7.7 -2.6 -5.1
Employment 135.8 130.2 1.0 -5.6 -13.0 -4.1 -9.1
Unemployment 10.5 12.2 0.5 1.7 5.2 16.2 74.3
Participation rate 68.0 66.2 0.5 -1.8 -4.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 8.6 0.3 1.4 3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 63.2 60.4 0.5 -2.8 -7.4 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 279.9 280.4 ... 0.5 6.5 0.2 2.4
Labour force 196.2 192.2 1.1 -4.0 0.8 -2.0 0.4
Employment 182.3 173.3 1.1 -9.0 -6.6 -4.9 -3.7
Unemployment 13.9 18.9 0.6 5.0 7.4 36.0 64.3
Participation rate 70.1 68.5 0.4 -1.6 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.1 9.8 0.3 2.7 3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 61.8 0.4 -3.3 -3.9 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,292.8 1,295.0 ... 2.2 31.0 0.2 2.5
Labour force 914.1 888.2 4.3 -25.9 -48.1 -2.8 -5.1
Employment 835.1 792.4 4.4 -42.7 -75.1 -5.1 -8.7
Unemployment 79.0 95.7 2.6 16.7 26.9 21.1 39.1
Participation rate 70.7 68.6 0.3 -2.1 -5.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 10.8 0.3 2.2 3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 61.2 0.3 -3.4 -7.4 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,203.0 1,204.9 ... 1.9 27.8 0.2 2.4
Labour force 834.4 803.6 3.8 -30.8 -51.9 -3.7 -6.1
Employment 768.3 723.6 4.1 -44.7 -72.5 -5.8 -9.1
Unemployment 66.1 80.0 2.5 13.9 20.7 21.0 34.9
Participation rate 69.4 66.7 0.3 -2.7 -6.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 10.0 0.3 2.1 3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 63.9 60.1 0.3 -3.8 -7.5 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 168.5 168.8 ... 0.3 4.0 0.2 2.4
Labour force 108.2 105.1 1.4 -3.1 -5.8 -2.9 -5.2
Employment 101.9 96.6 1.5 -5.3 -9.5 -5.2 -9.0
Unemployment 6.4 8.5 0.6 2.1 3.7 32.8 77.1
Participation rate 64.2 62.3 0.9 -1.9 -5.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 8.1 0.5 2.2 3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 60.5 57.2 0.9 -3.3 -7.2 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 160.1 160.5 ... 0.4 4.6 0.2 3.0
Labour force 103.7 100.7 0.9 -3.0 -4.1 -2.9 -3.9
Employment 98.9 94.8 0.9 -4.1 -4.2 -4.1 -4.2
Unemployment 4.8 5.9 0.4 1.1 0.1 22.9 1.7
Participation rate 64.8 62.7 0.6 -2.1 -4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 5.9 0.3 1.3 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 59.1 0.6 -2.7 -4.4 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,302.5 2,306.4 ... 3.9 51.2 0.2 2.3
Labour force 1,514.5 1,458.0 5.8 -56.5 -87.7 -3.7 -5.7
Employment 1,434.1 1,348.8 5.9 -85.3 -128.4 -5.9 -8.7
Unemployment 80.4 109.2 3.2 28.8 40.8 35.8 59.6
Participation rate 65.8 63.2 0.3 -2.6 -5.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 7.5 0.2 2.2 3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 58.5 0.3 -3.8 -7.0 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 324.8 325.3 ... 0.5 6.6 0.2 2.1
Labour force 207.5 202.2 1.8 -5.3 4.8 -2.6 2.4
Employment 197.9 187.7 1.7 -10.2 -3.6 -5.2 -1.9
Unemployment 9.6 14.5 0.6 4.9 8.4 51.0 137.7
Participation rate 63.9 62.2 0.5 -1.7 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 7.2 0.3 2.6 4.1 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 57.7 0.5 -3.2 -2.3 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
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