Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  March
2020
April
2020
Standard error1 March to April 2020 April 2019 to April 2020 March to April 2020 April 2019 to April 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,102.4 7,106.8 ... 4.4 70.8 0.1 1.0
Labour force 4,483.3 4,293.3 15.4 -190.0 -274.0 -4.2 -6.0
Employment 4,120.5 3,564.0 15.6 -556.5 -778.3 -13.5 -17.9
Full-time employment 3,485.4 3,033.9 21.2 -451.5 -482.6 -13.0 -13.7
Unemployment 362.8 729.4 12.6 366.6 504.4 101.0 224.2
Participation rate 63.1 60.4 0.2 -2.7 -4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.1 17.0 0.3 8.9 12.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 50.1 0.2 -7.9 -11.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 891.5 891.4 ... -0.1 -5.9 0.0 -0.7
Labour force 611.3 570.1 8.0 -41.2 -41.9 -6.7 -6.8
Employment 501.6 373.7 7.7 -127.9 -194.1 -25.5 -34.2
Unemployment 109.7 196.3 6.7 86.6 152.1 78.9 344.1
Participation rate 68.6 64.0 0.9 -4.6 -4.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 17.9 34.4 1.0 16.5 27.2 ... ...
Employment rate 56.3 41.9 0.9 -14.4 -21.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,071.3 3,073.9 ... 2.6 41.9 0.1 1.4
Labour force 2,050.4 1,933.0 8.8 -117.4 -161.1 -5.7 -7.7
Employment 1,938.1 1,658.2 9.6 -279.9 -325.4 -14.4 -16.4
Unemployment 112.3 274.8 8.3 162.5 164.2 144.7 148.5
Participation rate 66.8 62.9 0.3 -3.9 -6.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 14.2 0.4 8.7 8.9 ... ...
Employment rate 63.1 53.9 0.3 -9.2 -11.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,139.6 3,141.5 ... 1.9 34.8 0.1 1.1
Labour force 1,821.6 1,790.2 8.9 -31.4 -71.0 -1.7 -3.8
Employment 1,680.8 1,532.1 8.8 -148.7 -258.9 -8.8 -14.5
Unemployment 140.8 258.2 7.0 117.4 188.0 83.4 267.8
Participation rate 58.0 57.0 0.3 -1.0 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 14.4 0.4 6.7 10.6 ... ...
Employment rate 53.5 48.8 0.3 -4.7 -8.8 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,289.1 12,298.2 ... 9.1 223.3 0.1 1.8
Labour force 7,737.9 7,285.6 21.3 -452.3 -601.7 -5.8 -7.6
Employment 7,152.3 6,463.1 21.0 -689.2 -959.3 -9.6 -12.9
Full-time employment 5,945.5 5,481.1 28.1 -464.4 -550.3 -7.8 -9.1
Unemployment 585.6 822.4 17.9 236.8 357.5 40.4 76.9
Participation rate 63.0 59.2 0.2 -3.8 -6.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.6 11.3 0.2 3.7 5.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 52.6 0.2 -5.6 -8.9 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,844.6 1,844.6 ... 0.0 23.1 0.0 1.3
Labour force 1,005.2 894.4 12.9 -110.8 -244.0 -11.0 -21.4
Employment 846.4 679.6 12.2 -166.8 -320.9 -19.7 -32.1
Unemployment 158.9 214.9 10.8 56.0 77.0 35.2 55.8
Participation rate 54.5 48.5 0.7 -6.0 -14.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.8 24.0 0.9 8.2 11.9 ... ...
Employment rate 45.9 36.8 0.7 -9.1 -18.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,059.5 5,064.2 ... 4.7 102.9 0.1 2.1
Labour force 3,567.0 3,398.2 10.7 -168.8 -135.8 -4.7 -3.8
Employment 3,367.0 3,088.7 11.1 -278.3 -275.6 -8.3 -8.2
Unemployment 200.0 309.5 10.0 109.5 139.8 54.8 82.4
Participation rate 70.5 67.1 0.2 -3.4 -4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 9.1 0.3 3.5 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 61.0 0.2 -5.5 -6.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,385.1 5,389.4 ... 4.3 97.3 0.1 1.8
Labour force 3,165.7 2,992.9 11.8 -172.8 -222.0 -5.5 -6.9
Employment 2,939.0 2,694.9 11.7 -244.1 -362.7 -8.3 -11.9
Unemployment 226.7 298.1 9.7 71.4 140.9 31.5 89.6
Participation rate 58.8 55.5 0.2 -3.3 -5.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 10.0 0.3 2.8 5.1 ... ...
Employment rate 54.6 50.0 0.2 -4.6 -7.8 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,046.3 1,046.2 ... -0.1 11.8 0.0 1.1
Labour force 682.7 648.4 2.9 -34.3 -41.4 -5.0 -6.0
Employment 638.9 574.7 2.8 -64.2 -79.6 -10.0 -12.2
Full-time employment 515.3 477.7 4.0 -37.6 -45.4 -7.3 -8.7
Unemployment 43.9 73.7 2.2 29.8 38.2 67.9 107.6
Participation rate 65.2 62.0 0.3 -3.2 -4.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 11.4 0.3 5.0 6.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 54.9 0.3 -6.2 -8.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.1 166.9 ... -0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.2
Labour force 102.2 91.3 1.6 -10.9 -18.4 -10.7 -16.8
Employment 88.3 68.8 1.6 -19.5 -30.0 -22.1 -30.4
Unemployment 13.9 22.5 1.3 8.6 11.6 61.9 106.4
Participation rate 61.2 54.7 1.0 -6.5 -11.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.6 24.6 1.2 11.0 14.7 ... ...
Employment rate 52.8 41.2 0.9 -11.6 -18.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 432.1 432.1 ... 0.0 5.7 0.0 1.3
Labour force 315.4 303.7 1.5 -11.7 -7.7 -3.7 -2.5
Employment 298.6 275.9 1.5 -22.7 -23.2 -7.6 -7.8
Unemployment 16.8 27.7 1.4 10.9 15.4 64.9 125.2
Participation rate 73.0 70.3 0.3 -2.7 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 9.1 0.4 3.8 5.2 ... ...
Employment rate 69.1 63.9 0.4 -5.2 -6.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 447.1 447.2 ... 0.1 5.8 0.0 1.3
Labour force 265.0 253.4 1.6 -11.6 -15.4 -4.4 -5.7
Employment 251.9 230.0 1.6 -21.9 -26.4 -8.7 -10.3
Unemployment 13.1 23.4 1.2 10.3 11.0 78.6 88.7
Participation rate 59.3 56.7 0.4 -2.6 -4.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 9.2 0.4 4.3 4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 56.3 51.4 0.4 -4.9 -6.7 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 894.7 894.6 ... -0.1 6.2 0.0 0.7
Labour force 603.6 571.6 2.5 -32.0 -42.6 -5.3 -6.9
Employment 559.8 506.9 2.5 -52.9 -73.7 -9.4 -12.7
Full-time employment 469.2 429.3 3.6 -39.9 -50.4 -8.5 -10.5
Unemployment 43.8 64.7 2.2 20.9 31.1 47.7 92.6
Participation rate 67.5 63.9 0.3 -3.6 -5.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.3 11.3 0.3 4.0 5.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 56.7 0.3 -5.9 -8.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.7 131.6 ... -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1
Labour force 83.0 74.2 1.4 -8.8 -11.5 -10.6 -13.4
Employment 69.4 56.6 1.3 -12.8 -19.6 -18.4 -25.7
Unemployment 13.6 17.6 1.3 4.0 8.1 29.4 85.3
Participation rate 63.0 56.4 1.1 -6.6 -8.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 16.4 23.7 1.4 7.3 12.6 ... ...
Employment rate 52.7 43.0 1.0 -9.7 -14.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 382.2 382.2 ... 0.0 3.3 0.0 0.9
Labour force 285.4 272.5 1.4 -12.9 -15.4 -4.5 -5.3
Employment 268.3 248.1 1.5 -20.2 -25.3 -7.5 -9.3
Unemployment 17.2 24.3 1.3 7.1 9.7 41.3 66.4
Participation rate 74.7 71.3 0.4 -3.4 -4.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 8.9 0.4 2.9 3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 70.2 64.9 0.4 -5.3 -7.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 380.9 380.8 ... -0.1 2.9 0.0 0.8
Labour force 235.1 225.0 1.4 -10.1 -15.6 -4.3 -6.5
Employment 222.0 202.2 1.5 -19.8 -28.8 -8.9 -12.5
Unemployment 13.0 22.8 1.1 9.8 13.2 75.4 137.5
Participation rate 61.7 59.1 0.4 -2.6 -4.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 10.1 0.5 4.6 6.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 53.1 0.4 -5.2 -8.0 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,566.7 3,569.5 ... 2.8 58.6 0.1 1.7
Labour force 2,423.3 2,273.3 9.7 -150.0 -246.1 -6.2 -9.8
Employment 2,212.8 1,969.0 10.3 -243.8 -381.9 -11.0 -16.2
Full-time employment 1,854.8 1,672.3 14.3 -182.5 -261.7 -9.8 -13.5
Unemployment 210.5 304.3 9.2 93.8 135.8 44.6 80.6
Participation rate 67.9 63.7 0.3 -4.2 -8.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 13.4 0.4 4.7 6.7 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 55.2 0.3 -6.8 -11.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 510.8 511.0 ... 0.2 5.4 0.0 1.1
Labour force 291.0 249.7 5.7 -41.3 -74.1 -14.2 -22.9
Employment 231.1 177.3 5.2 -53.8 -114.1 -23.3 -39.2
Unemployment 60.0 72.4 5.0 12.4 40.0 20.7 123.5
Participation rate 57.0 48.9 1.1 -8.1 -15.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 20.6 29.0 1.4 8.4 19.0 ... ...
Employment rate 45.2 34.7 1.0 -10.5 -22.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,530.3 1,531.5 ... 1.2 24.1 0.1 1.6
Labour force 1,170.9 1,111.7 5.3 -59.2 -85.2 -5.1 -7.1
Employment 1,092.6 989.3 6.0 -103.3 -130.2 -9.5 -11.6
Unemployment 78.3 122.4 5.7 44.1 45.0 56.3 58.1
Participation rate 76.5 72.6 0.3 -3.9 -6.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 11.0 0.5 4.3 4.5 ... ...
Employment rate 71.4 64.6 0.4 -6.8 -9.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,525.6 1,527.0 ... 1.4 29.1 0.1 1.9
Labour force 961.4 911.9 6.0 -49.5 -86.9 -5.1 -8.7
Employment 889.2 802.4 6.1 -86.8 -137.7 -9.8 -14.6
Unemployment 72.2 109.5 4.9 37.3 50.8 51.7 86.5
Participation rate 63.0 59.7 0.4 -3.3 -7.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.5 12.0 0.5 4.5 6.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 52.5 0.4 -5.8 -10.3 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,154.4 4,158.3 ... 3.9 80.4 0.1 2.0
Labour force 2,593.4 2,421.0 11.0 -172.4 -266.2 -6.6 -9.9
Employment 2,406.7 2,142.6 10.9 -264.1 -420.9 -11.0 -16.4
Full-time employment 1,937.6 1,742.7 15.3 -194.9 -267.1 -10.1 -13.3
Unemployment 186.7 278.4 8.5 91.7 154.7 49.1 125.1
Participation rate 62.4 58.2 0.3 -4.2 -7.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 11.5 0.3 4.3 6.9 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 51.5 0.3 -6.4 -11.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 596.0 596.2 ... 0.2 9.5 0.0 1.6
Labour force 346.8 287.2 6.4 -59.6 -108.9 -17.2 -27.5
Employment 290.8 217.6 6.0 -73.2 -142.2 -25.2 -39.5
Unemployment 56.0 69.6 5.1 13.6 33.3 24.3 91.7
Participation rate 58.2 48.2 1.1 -10.0 -19.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 16.1 24.2 1.3 8.1 15.0 ... ...
Employment rate 48.8 36.5 1.0 -12.3 -24.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,739.9 1,741.9 ... 2.0 36.2 0.1 2.1
Labour force 1,186.7 1,129.0 5.6 -57.7 -65.8 -4.9 -5.5
Employment 1,126.0 1,019.7 5.9 -106.3 -131.2 -9.4 -11.4
Unemployment 60.7 109.2 4.8 48.5 65.3 79.9 148.7
Participation rate 68.2 64.8 0.3 -3.4 -5.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 9.7 0.4 4.6 6.0 ... ...
Employment rate 64.7 58.5 0.3 -6.2 -9.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,818.4 1,820.2 ... 1.8 34.6 0.1 1.9
Labour force 1,059.9 1,004.8 6.1 -55.1 -91.4 -5.2 -8.3
Employment 989.9 905.3 6.2 -84.6 -147.5 -8.5 -14.0
Unemployment 70.0 99.5 4.6 29.5 56.1 42.1 129.3
Participation rate 58.3 55.2 0.3 -3.1 -6.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.6 9.9 0.4 3.3 5.9 ... ...
Employment rate 54.4 49.7 0.3 -4.7 -9.3 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
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