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Changes in outcomes of immigrants and non-permanent residents, subprovincial results

Released: 2020-01-13

The Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB) integrates Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada data to other administrative files. The 2018 IMDB wages and salaries module is now available. This module provides statement of remuneration slips (T4 slips) of permanent and non-permanent residents working in Canada.

Also, today's release includes tables about mobility and economic outcomes of immigrants at the subprovincial level.

The release of the 2018 IMDB was initially announced in the Daily on December 16, 2019.

  Note to readers

The Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB) is a comprehensive source of data that plays a key role in the understanding of the economic behaviour of immigrants and non-permanent residents. It is the only annual Canadian dataset that allows users to study the characteristics of immigrants to Canada at time of admission and the economic outcomes and regional mobility of immigrants over a period of more than 35 years.

The IMDB is the result of a partnership between Statistics Canada, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), and the provinces.

The IMDB combines administrative files on immigrant admissions and non-permanent resident permits from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) with tax files from the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). IRCC's administrative records contain extensive information on immigrants admitted to Canada since 1952. They also include information on non-permanent residents who have been granted a temporary resident permit since 1980. Fiscal data are available from the CRA's tax files for immigrant taxfilers admitted since 1980. Tax records for 1982 and subsequent years are available for immigrant taxfilers.

For additional information regarding the data coverage and data quality of the IMDB, users should refer to the 2018 Longitudinal Immigration Database technical report.

It is to be noted that the IMDB is updated annually. From year to year, there have been changes to data processing. Each yearly update is independent.


The data visualization tools "Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB): Interactive Application – Income" and "Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB): Interactive Application – Mobility" are available.

The Longitudinal Immigration Database Technical Report, 2018, is available in PDF or HTML format.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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