Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  September
2019
October
2019
Standard error1 September to October 2019 October 2018 to October 2019 September to October 2019 October 2018 to October 2019
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,066.0 7,071.8 ... 5.8 66.1 0.1 0.9
Labour force 4,602.7 4,597.9 15.7 -4.8 102.9 -0.1 2.3
Employment 4,379.6 4,370.1 15.5 -9.5 111.2 -0.2 2.6
Full-time employment 3,560.6 3,547.2 21.3 -13.4 97.7 -0.4 2.8
Unemployment 223.1 227.8 13.0 4.7 -8.3 2.1 -3.5
Participation rate 65.1 65.0 0.2 -0.1 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.0 0.3 0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.8 0.2 -0.2 1.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 893.3 892.8 ... -0.5 -6.9 -0.1 -0.8
Labour force 651.3 645.9 8.6 -5.4 40.6 -0.8 6.7
Employment 587.3 585.9 8.0 -1.4 36.5 -0.2 6.6
Unemployment 64.0 60.0 6.8 -4.0 4.1 -6.3 7.3
Participation rate 72.9 72.3 1.0 -0.6 5.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.8 9.3 1.1 -0.5 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.7 65.6 0.9 -0.1 4.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,050.2 3,053.5 ... 3.3 39.2 0.1 1.3
Labour force 2,082.6 2,085.2 9.0 2.6 43.5 0.1 2.1
Employment 1,995.4 1,992.3 9.3 -3.1 48.2 -0.2 2.5
Unemployment 87.2 92.9 8.3 5.7 -4.7 6.5 -4.8
Participation rate 68.3 68.3 0.3 0.0 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.5 0.4 0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.4 65.2 0.3 -0.2 0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,122.5 3,125.5 ... 3.0 33.8 0.1 1.1
Labour force 1,868.8 1,866.8 8.6 -2.0 18.8 -0.1 1.0
Employment 1,796.9 1,791.9 8.7 -5.0 26.5 -0.3 1.5
Unemployment 71.9 74.9 7.1 3.0 -7.8 4.2 -9.4
Participation rate 59.8 59.7 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 4.0 0.4 0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.5 57.3 0.3 -0.2 0.2 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,187.3 12,207.4 ... 20.1 242.1 0.2 2.0
Labour force 7,941.8 7,925.2 20.4 -16.6 229.3 -0.2 3.0
Employment 7,519.2 7,503.0 20.4 -16.2 235.5 -0.2 3.2
Full-time employment 6,113.5 6,089.3 28.4 -24.2 165.6 -0.4 2.8
Unemployment 422.6 422.2 16.9 -0.4 -6.3 -0.1 -1.5
Participation rate 65.2 64.9 0.2 -0.3 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.3 0.2 0.0 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 61.5 0.2 -0.2 0.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,836.7 1,839.2 ... 2.5 30.2 0.1 1.7
Labour force 1,128.5 1,116.4 12.3 -12.1 58.6 -1.1 5.5
Employment 985.7 980.3 11.6 -5.4 51.1 -0.5 5.5
Unemployment 142.8 136.1 10.3 -6.7 7.5 -4.7 5.8
Participation rate 61.4 60.7 0.7 -0.7 2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.7 12.2 0.9 -0.5 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 53.7 53.3 0.6 -0.4 1.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,011.4 5,020.4 ... 9.0 109.6 0.2 2.2
Labour force 3,582.9 3,576.5 10.6 -6.4 127.9 -0.2 3.7
Employment 3,439.1 3,426.9 10.8 -12.2 131.1 -0.4 4.0
Unemployment 143.8 149.6 9.4 5.8 -3.2 4.0 -2.1
Participation rate 71.5 71.2 0.2 -0.3 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 4.2 0.3 0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 68.6 68.3 0.2 -0.3 1.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,339.2 5,347.7 ... 8.5 102.3 0.2 2.0
Labour force 3,230.4 3,232.3 11.6 1.9 42.8 0.1 1.3
Employment 3,094.5 3,095.8 11.8 1.3 53.4 0.0 1.8
Unemployment 135.9 136.5 9.4 0.6 -10.6 0.4 -7.2
Participation rate 60.5 60.4 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.2 0.3 0.0 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 57.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,041.0 1,042.0 ... 1.0 14.1 0.1 1.4
Labour force 688.5 689.8 2.8 1.3 -2.7 0.2 -0.4
Employment 654.3 653.3 2.8 -1.0 3.0 -0.2 0.5
Full-time employment 533.9 526.7 3.9 -7.2 0.6 -1.3 0.1
Unemployment 34.2 36.5 2.3 2.3 -5.7 6.7 -13.5
Participation rate 66.1 66.2 0.3 0.1 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.3 0.3 0.3 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.9 62.7 0.3 -0.2 -0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.1 167.1 ... 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.8
Labour force 109.3 111.6 1.6 2.3 3.1 2.1 2.9
Employment 97.0 98.2 1.6 1.2 3.2 1.2 3.4
Unemployment 12.3 13.4 1.4 1.1 -0.1 8.9 -0.7
Participation rate 65.4 66.8 1.0 1.4 1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.3 12.0 1.2 0.7 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 58.8 0.9 0.8 1.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 429.6 430.1 ... 0.5 6.8 0.1 1.6
Labour force 313.7 311.6 1.5 -2.1 -0.8 -0.7 -0.3
Employment 300.4 298.8 1.6 -1.6 2.0 -0.5 0.7
Unemployment 13.2 12.8 1.3 -0.4 -2.8 -3.0 -17.9
Participation rate 73.0 72.4 0.3 -0.6 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 69.9 69.5 0.4 -0.4 -0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 444.4 444.9 ... 0.5 6.0 0.1 1.4
Labour force 265.5 266.6 1.6 1.1 -5.0 0.4 -1.8
Employment 256.9 256.3 1.6 -0.6 -2.2 -0.2 -0.9
Unemployment 8.7 10.3 1.2 1.6 -2.7 18.4 -20.8
Participation rate 59.7 59.9 0.4 0.2 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.3 3.9 0.4 0.6 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 57.6 0.4 -0.2 -1.3 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 891.2 891.9 ... 0.7 6.1 0.1 0.7
Labour force 615.9 613.9 2.5 -2.0 1.3 -0.3 0.2
Employment 583.1 582.8 2.5 -0.3 7.4 -0.1 1.3
Full-time employment 473.8 475.2 3.5 1.4 5.0 0.3 1.1
Unemployment 32.8 31.1 2.2 -1.7 -6.1 -5.2 -16.4
Participation rate 69.1 68.8 0.3 -0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.1 0.3 -0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 65.4 65.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.5 131.5 ... 0.0 -0.6 0.0 -0.5
Labour force 85.7 84.4 1.5 -1.3 -2.0 -1.5 -2.3
Employment 74.8 76.1 1.3 1.3 0.0 1.7 0.0
Unemployment 10.9 8.3 1.2 -2.6 -2.0 -23.9 -19.4
Participation rate 65.2 64.2 1.1 -1.0 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.7 9.8 1.3 -2.9 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 57.9 1.0 1.0 0.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 380.5 380.9 ... 0.4 3.5 0.1 0.9
Labour force 287.6 287.4 1.3 -0.2 3.0 -0.1 1.1
Employment 276.4 275.4 1.4 -1.0 5.6 -0.4 2.1
Unemployment 11.3 12.1 1.3 0.8 -2.5 7.1 -17.1
Participation rate 75.6 75.5 0.4 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.2 0.4 0.3 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 72.6 72.3 0.4 -0.3 0.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 379.1 379.4 ... 0.3 3.0 0.1 0.8
Labour force 242.5 242.1 1.4 -0.4 0.4 -0.2 0.2
Employment 231.9 231.4 1.5 -0.5 1.9 -0.2 0.8
Unemployment 10.7 10.7 1.2 0.0 -1.6 0.0 -13.0
Participation rate 64.0 63.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.4 0.5 0.0 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 61.0 0.4 -0.2 0.0 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,540.5 3,545.9 ... 5.4 59.6 0.2 1.7
Labour force 2,515.3 2,526.5 9.4 11.2 9.1 0.4 0.4
Employment 2,349.2 2,356.9 9.8 7.7 20.0 0.3 0.9
Full-time employment 1,922.1 1,936.5 13.9 14.4 15.4 0.7 0.8
Unemployment 166.2 169.6 8.5 3.4 -10.9 2.0 -6.0
Participation rate 71.0 71.3 0.3 0.3 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.6 6.7 0.3 0.1 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 66.4 66.5 0.3 0.1 -0.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 508.6 509.2 ... 0.6 2.9 0.1 0.6
Labour force 340.0 334.4 5.3 -5.6 12.1 -1.6 3.8
Employment 287.3 290.2 4.9 2.9 8.5 1.0 3.0
Unemployment 52.7 44.1 4.3 -8.6 3.4 -16.3 8.4
Participation rate 66.9 65.7 1.0 -1.2 2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.5 13.2 1.3 -2.3 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 56.5 57.0 1.0 0.5 1.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,519.4 1,521.6 ... 2.2 24.7 0.1 1.7
Labour force 1,186.0 1,195.4 5.2 9.4 -2.4 0.8 -0.2
Employment 1,121.2 1,122.3 5.8 1.1 5.0 0.1 0.4
Unemployment 64.8 73.2 5.3 8.4 -7.3 13.0 -9.1
Participation rate 78.1 78.6 0.3 0.5 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 6.1 0.4 0.6 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 73.8 73.8 0.4 0.0 -0.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,512.5 1,515.2 ... 2.7 32.1 0.2 2.2
Labour force 989.4 996.6 5.7 7.2 -0.7 0.7 -0.1
Employment 940.7 944.4 5.9 3.7 6.5 0.4 0.7
Unemployment 48.6 52.2 4.9 3.6 -7.1 7.4 -12.0
Participation rate 65.4 65.8 0.4 0.4 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.2 0.5 0.3 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 62.3 0.4 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,116.3 4,123.0 ... 6.7 72.8 0.2 1.8
Labour force 2,682.3 2,696.3 10.7 14.0 68.3 0.5 2.6
Employment 2,553.2 2,568.5 10.7 15.3 50.0 0.6 2.0
Full-time employment 2,006.7 2,019.4 15.7 12.7 41.2 0.6 2.1
Unemployment 129.2 127.8 8.4 -1.4 18.3 -1.1 16.7
Participation rate 65.2 65.4 0.3 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.7 0.3 -0.1 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 62.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 591.9 592.9 ... 1.0 9.5 0.2 1.6
Labour force 376.0 384.3 6.1 8.3 12.8 2.2 3.4
Employment 342.0 349.3 5.7 7.3 3.3 2.1 1.0
Unemployment 34.0 35.1 4.8 1.1 9.6 3.2 37.6
Participation rate 63.5 64.8 1.0 1.3 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.0 9.1 1.2 0.1 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 58.9 1.0 1.1 -0.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,722.7 1,725.7 ... 3.0 32.9 0.2 1.9
Labour force 1,206.7 1,211.7 5.5 5.0 40.6 0.4 3.5
Employment 1,161.2 1,163.9 5.9 2.7 29.0 0.2 2.6
Unemployment 45.5 47.8 4.7 2.3 11.6 5.1 32.0
Participation rate 70.0 70.2 0.3 0.2 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 3.9 0.4 0.1 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.4 0.4 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,801.7 1,804.4 ... 2.7 30.4 0.1 1.7
Labour force 1,099.7 1,100.3 6.3 0.6 15.0 0.1 1.4
Employment 1,049.9 1,055.4 6.3 5.5 17.9 0.5 1.7
Unemployment 49.7 44.9 4.8 -4.8 -2.9 -9.7 -6.1
Participation rate 61.0 61.0 0.4 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.1 0.4 -0.4 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 58.5 0.4 0.2 0.0 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
Date modified: