Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  August
2019
September
2019
Standard error1 August to September 2019 September 2018 to September 2019 August to September 2019 September 2018 to September 2019
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 186.0 186.1 ... 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.3
Labour force 123.4 123.6 0.9 0.2 1.1 0.2 0.9
Employment 113.8 114.5 1.0 0.7 3.5 0.6 3.2
Unemployment 9.7 9.1 0.5 -0.6 -2.4 -6.2 -20.9
Participation rate 66.3 66.4 0.5 0.1 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 7.4 0.4 -0.5 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 61.5 0.5 0.3 1.7 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 374.1 375.1 ... 1.0 8.3 0.3 2.3
Labour force 258.8 257.4 1.4 -1.4 6.1 -0.5 2.4
Employment 244.4 242.8 1.4 -1.6 8.1 -0.7 3.5
Unemployment 14.4 14.6 0.7 0.2 -2.0 1.4 -12.0
Participation rate 69.2 68.6 0.4 -0.6 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.7 0.3 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 65.3 64.7 0.4 -0.6 0.7 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 131.5 131.8 ... 0.3 2.3 0.2 1.8
Labour force 86.6 86.0 0.9 -0.6 0.9 -0.7 1.1
Employment 81.9 81.3 0.9 -0.6 1.4 -0.7 1.8
Unemployment 4.7 4.7 0.4 0.0 -0.5 0.0 -9.6
Participation rate 65.9 65.3 0.7 -0.6 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.5 0.4 0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 61.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 107.0 107.2 ... 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.9
Labour force 71.2 71.3 0.8 0.1 3.6 0.1 5.3
Employment 66.1 65.7 0.8 -0.4 1.8 -0.6 2.8
Unemployment 5.1 5.6 0.4 0.5 1.8 9.8 47.4
Participation rate 66.5 66.5 0.7 0.0 2.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.9 0.5 0.7 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.3 0.7 -0.5 1.1 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.7 133.7 ... 0.0 -0.6 0.0 -0.4
Labour force 81.0 80.6 0.9 -0.4 3.0 -0.5 3.9
Employment 75.8 75.5 0.9 -0.3 2.7 -0.4 3.7
Unemployment 5.1 5.0 0.3 -0.1 0.2 -2.0 4.2
Participation rate 60.6 60.3 0.7 -0.3 2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.2 0.4 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.7 56.5 0.7 -0.2 2.3 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 687.7 688.1 ... 0.4 3.7 0.1 0.5
Labour force 475.6 475.1 3.4 -0.5 8.4 -0.1 1.8
Employment 463.3 460.8 3.4 -2.5 12.1 -0.5 2.7
Unemployment 12.3 14.3 1.3 2.0 -3.7 16.3 -20.6
Participation rate 69.2 69.0 0.5 -0.2 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.6 3.0 0.3 0.4 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.0 0.5 -0.4 1.4 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 187.8 188.1 ... 0.3 2.6 0.2 1.4
Labour force 118.3 117.6 1.1 -0.7 0.0 -0.6 0.0
Employment 112.2 111.0 1.1 -1.2 -1.6 -1.1 -1.4
Unemployment 6.2 6.7 0.4 0.5 1.6 8.1 31.4
Participation rate 63.0 62.5 0.6 -0.5 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.7 0.4 0.5 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 59.0 0.6 -0.7 -1.7 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.2 135.2 ... 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.5
Labour force 79.3 78.2 0.9 -1.1 -4.6 -1.4 -5.6
Employment 74.9 73.8 0.9 -1.1 -5.2 -1.5 -6.6
Unemployment 4.4 4.4 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.0 15.8
Participation rate 58.7 57.8 0.7 -0.9 -3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.6 0.4 0.1 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 55.4 54.6 0.7 -0.8 -4.1 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,514.0 3,518.8 ... 4.8 51.7 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,334.7 2,344.7 8.3 10.0 24.3 0.4 1.0
Employment 2,202.8 2,215.4 8.5 12.6 36.0 0.6 1.7
Unemployment 131.9 129.3 4.8 -2.6 -11.7 -2.0 -8.3
Participation rate 66.4 66.6 0.2 0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 63.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,172.7 1,175.0 ... 2.3 23.9 0.2 2.1
Labour force 815.8 825.9 4.5 10.1 50.5 1.2 6.5
Employment 777.1 789.7 4.4 12.6 49.6 1.6 6.7
Unemployment 38.7 36.2 1.9 -2.5 1.0 -6.5 2.8
Participation rate 69.6 70.3 0.4 0.7 2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.4 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 66.3 67.2 0.4 0.9 2.9 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 281.5 281.8 ... 0.3 3.1 0.1 1.1
Labour force 192.5 193.6 1.5 1.1 3.2 0.6 1.7
Employment 184.4 185.3 1.6 0.9 3.4 0.5 1.9
Unemployment 8.1 8.3 0.6 0.2 -0.2 2.5 -2.4
Participation rate 68.4 68.7 0.5 0.3 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.3 0.3 0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 65.5 65.8 0.6 0.3 0.5 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 891.3 893.3 ... 2.0 20.9 0.2 2.4
Labour force 623.3 632.3 4.3 9.0 47.3 1.4 8.1
Employment 592.8 604.4 4.2 11.6 46.1 2.0 8.3
Unemployment 30.6 27.9 1.8 -2.7 1.2 -8.8 4.5
Participation rate 69.9 70.8 0.5 0.9 3.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.4 0.3 -0.5 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 67.7 0.5 1.2 3.7 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 146.2 146.5 ... 0.3 2.5 0.2 1.7
Labour force 93.0 92.0 0.8 -1.0 0.0 -1.1 0.0
Employment 87.7 86.5 0.8 -1.2 -0.3 -1.4 -0.3
Unemployment 5.3 5.5 0.3 0.2 0.4 3.8 7.8
Participation rate 63.6 62.8 0.6 -0.8 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 6.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 60.0 59.0 0.5 -1.0 -1.3 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 107.6 107.8 ... 0.2 1.5 0.2 1.4
Labour force 64.8 63.3 1.3 -1.5 -6.6 -2.3 -9.4
Employment 62.0 60.5 1.2 -1.5 -5.5 -2.4 -8.3
Unemployment 2.8 2.8 0.5 0.0 -1.1 0.0 -28.2
Participation rate 60.2 58.7 1.2 -1.5 -7.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.4 0.7 0.1 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.6 56.1 1.1 -1.5 -6.0 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 346.2 346.9 ... 0.7 6.8 0.2 2.0
Labour force 231.6 227.1 1.9 -4.5 -8.4 -1.9 -3.6
Employment 219.9 215.3 1.9 -4.6 -7.0 -2.1 -3.1
Unemployment 11.7 11.8 0.9 0.1 -1.4 0.9 -10.6
Participation rate 66.9 65.5 0.6 -1.4 -3.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.2 0.4 0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.5 62.1 0.6 -1.4 -3.3 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,570.1 5,584.1 ... 14.0 141.0 0.3 2.6
Labour force 3,713.5 3,739.9 11.1 26.4 170.0 0.7 4.8
Employment 3,495.2 3,522.7 11.3 27.5 168.8 0.8 5.0
Unemployment 218.3 217.2 6.1 -1.1 1.1 -0.5 0.5
Participation rate 66.7 67.0 0.2 0.3 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 63.1 0.2 0.4 1.5 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 679.1 680.2 ... 1.1 10.0 0.2 1.5
Labour force 439.4 440.8 3.4 1.4 8.4 0.3 1.9
Employment 417.9 418.6 3.5 0.7 8.3 0.2 2.0
Unemployment 21.5 22.2 1.3 0.7 0.1 3.3 0.5
Participation rate 64.7 64.8 0.5 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.3 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 61.5 0.5 0.0 0.3 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 357.6 358.1 ... 0.5 4.9 0.1 1.4
Labour force 209.2 211.8 2.4 2.6 -4.9 1.2 -2.3
Employment 197.1 199.3 2.4 2.2 -1.2 1.1 -0.6
Unemployment 12.1 12.5 0.9 0.4 -3.7 3.3 -22.8
Participation rate 58.5 59.1 0.7 0.6 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.9 0.4 0.1 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 55.1 55.7 0.7 0.6 -1.1 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 449.1 450.0 ... 0.9 9.0 0.2 2.0
Labour force 317.1 318.3 2.4 1.2 2.1 0.4 0.7
Employment 298.5 299.1 2.4 0.6 -1.1 0.2 -0.4
Unemployment 18.7 19.3 1.0 0.6 3.3 3.2 20.6
Participation rate 70.6 70.7 0.6 0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.1 0.3 0.2 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 66.5 0.5 0.0 -1.6 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 118.2 118.4 ... 0.2 1.7 0.2 1.5
Labour force 84.5 83.2 0.9 -1.3 10.7 -1.5 14.8
Employment 81.2 80.2 0.9 -1.0 11.8 -1.2 17.3
Unemployment 3.3 3.0 0.4 -0.3 -1.2 -9.1 -28.6
Participation rate 71.5 70.3 0.8 -1.2 8.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.6 0.5 -0.3 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 68.7 67.7 0.8 -1.0 9.1 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 139.4 139.8 ... 0.4 3.6 0.3 2.6
Labour force 99.6 98.2 1.1 -1.4 5.0 -1.4 5.4
Employment 94.3 93.1 1.2 -1.2 3.2 -1.3 3.6
Unemployment 5.3 5.1 0.4 -0.2 1.8 -3.8 54.5
Participation rate 71.4 70.2 0.8 -1.2 1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.2 0.5 -0.1 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 67.6 66.6 0.9 -1.0 0.6 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 447.9 448.8 ... 0.9 8.4 0.2 1.9
Labour force 261.3 265.0 2.7 3.7 -5.3 1.4 -2.0
Employment 244.9 247.8 2.7 2.9 -8.6 1.2 -3.4
Unemployment 16.4 17.2 1.1 0.8 3.3 4.9 23.7
Participation rate 58.3 59.0 0.6 0.7 -2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.5 0.4 0.2 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 54.7 55.2 0.6 0.5 -3.0 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 295.5 296.0 ... 0.5 5.2 0.2 1.8
Labour force 178.7 179.7 1.6 1.0 5.3 0.6 3.0
Employment 168.0 168.6 1.7 0.6 6.7 0.4 4.1
Unemployment 10.8 11.1 0.8 0.3 -1.4 2.8 -11.2
Participation rate 60.5 60.7 0.6 0.2 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.2 0.5 0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 57.0 0.6 0.1 1.3 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 180.3 180.7 ... 0.4 3.8 0.2 2.1
Labour force 125.0 125.1 1.7 0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.5
Employment 118.6 117.7 1.7 -0.9 -0.7 -0.8 -0.6
Unemployment 6.5 7.4 0.9 0.9 0.1 13.8 1.4
Participation rate 69.3 69.2 1.0 -0.1 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.9 0.7 0.7 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.8 65.1 0.9 -0.7 -1.8 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.2 141.2 ... 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2
Labour force 89.5 89.3 0.9 -0.2 2.5 -0.2 2.9
Employment 84.6 84.3 0.9 -0.3 2.9 -0.4 3.6
Unemployment 4.8 5.1 0.4 0.3 -0.3 6.3 -5.6
Participation rate 63.4 63.2 0.6 -0.2 1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.7 0.4 0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.9 59.7 0.6 -0.2 1.9 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.7 104.7 ... 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2
Labour force 65.3 65.0 0.6 -0.3 -2.7 -0.5 -4.0
Employment 61.1 61.0 0.6 -0.1 -3.1 -0.2 -4.8
Unemployment 4.2 3.9 0.2 -0.3 0.3 -7.1 8.3
Participation rate 62.4 62.1 0.6 -0.3 -2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 6.0 0.4 -0.4 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 58.3 0.5 -0.1 -2.8 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 697.5 698.9 ... 1.4 11.6 0.2 1.7
Labour force 469.3 468.2 1.4 -1.1 -2.3 -0.2 -0.5
Employment 443.5 443.4 1.4 -0.1 2.0 0.0 0.5
Unemployment 25.8 24.8 0.8 -1.0 -4.2 -3.9 -14.5
Participation rate 67.3 67.0 0.2 -0.3 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 63.6 63.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.8 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 212.5 212.9 ... 0.4 3.7 0.2 1.8
Labour force 152.4 151.7 0.9 -0.7 2.1 -0.5 1.4
Employment 144.4 143.2 0.9 -1.2 3.3 -0.8 2.4
Unemployment 8.0 8.6 0.5 0.6 -1.1 7.5 -11.3
Participation rate 71.7 71.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.7 0.3 0.5 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 68.0 67.3 0.4 -0.7 0.4 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 275.8 276.5 ... 0.7 6.0 0.3 2.2
Labour force 190.6 191.2 1.0 0.6 2.1 0.3 1.1
Employment 179.6 180.2 1.1 0.6 4.9 0.3 2.8
Unemployment 11.0 11.0 0.6 0.0 -2.8 0.0 -20.3
Participation rate 69.1 69.2 0.4 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.8 0.3 0.0 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 65.2 0.4 0.1 0.4 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,275.0 1,278.0 ... 3.0 29.4 0.2 2.4
Labour force 948.4 946.4 4.3 -2.0 44.3 -0.2 4.9
Employment 879.1 879.3 4.4 0.2 50.3 0.0 6.1
Unemployment 69.3 67.0 2.5 -2.3 -6.0 -3.3 -8.2
Participation rate 74.4 74.1 0.3 -0.3 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.3 7.1 0.3 -0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 68.9 68.8 0.4 -0.1 2.4 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,187.0 1,189.8 ... 2.8 26.4 0.2 2.3
Labour force 849.2 844.5 3.8 -4.7 -0.8 -0.6 -0.1
Employment 786.2 783.1 4.1 -3.1 -9.2 -0.4 -1.2
Unemployment 63.0 61.4 2.2 -1.6 8.5 -2.5 16.1
Participation rate 71.5 71.0 0.3 -0.5 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.4 7.3 0.3 -0.1 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 66.2 65.8 0.3 -0.4 -2.3 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 166.2 166.5 ... 0.3 3.4 0.2 2.1
Labour force 111.5 112.2 1.3 0.7 4.3 0.6 4.0
Employment 106.6 107.6 1.4 1.0 5.8 0.9 5.7
Unemployment 4.9 4.6 0.5 -0.3 -1.5 -6.1 -24.6
Participation rate 67.1 67.4 0.8 0.3 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.1 0.5 -0.3 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 64.1 64.6 0.8 0.5 2.2 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 157.5 157.9 ... 0.4 4.0 0.3 2.6
Labour force 105.0 105.0 0.9 0.0 5.0 0.0 5.0
Employment 99.6 99.7 0.9 0.1 4.5 0.1 4.7
Unemployment 5.4 5.3 0.4 -0.1 0.5 -1.9 10.4
Participation rate 66.7 66.5 0.6 -0.2 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.0 0.4 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 63.2 63.1 0.6 -0.1 1.2 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,272.6 2,277.7 ... 5.1 43.4 0.2 1.9
Labour force 1,547.1 1,537.6 5.8 -9.5 49.2 -0.6 3.3
Employment 1,478.9 1,466.2 6.0 -12.7 44.4 -0.9 3.1
Unemployment 68.2 71.4 3.1 3.2 4.8 4.7 7.2
Participation rate 68.1 67.5 0.3 -0.6 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 64.4 0.3 -0.7 0.8 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 320.9 321.6 ... 0.7 5.6 0.2 1.8
Labour force 203.0 203.6 1.7 0.6 -0.7 0.3 -0.3
Employment 196.2 197.1 1.7 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.4
Unemployment 6.8 6.5 0.6 -0.3 -1.5 -4.4 -18.8
Participation rate 63.3 63.3 0.5 0.0 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.3 3.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 61.3 0.5 0.2 -0.8 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
Date modified: