Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in July 2018 and July 2019, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in July 2018 and July 2019, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2018 30,274.0 20,080.1 18,899.3 1,180.8 66.3 5.9 62.4
2019 30,710.3 20,436.5 19,304.9 1,131.6 66.5 5.5 62.9
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2018 443.9 269.7 233.1 36.6 60.8 13.6 52.5
2019 440.4 265.4 233.4 31.9 60.3 12.0 53.0
Avalon Peninsula              
2018 237.8 151.4 134.8 16.7 63.7 11.0 56.7
2019 237.2 151.7 137.0 14.6 64.0 9.6 57.8
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2018 120.3 65.6 54.5 11.0 54.5 16.8 45.3
2019 118.6 63.4 53.3 10.2 53.5 16.1 44.9
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2018 85.8 52.7 43.7 8.9 61.4 16.9 50.9
2019 84.6 50.2 43.1 7.1 59.3 14.1 50.9
Prince Edward Island              
2018 125.5 87.0 80.5 6.5 69.3 7.5 64.1
2019 128.6 88.6 82.3 6.3 68.9 7.1 64.0
Nova Scotia              
2018 798.0 500.5 464.5 36.0 62.7 7.2 58.2
2019 806.2 509.5 477.1 32.4 63.2 6.4 59.2
Cape Breton              
2018 104.5 55.2 48.2 7.0 52.8 12.7 46.1
2019 104.0 57.7 50.7 7.0 55.5 12.1 48.8
North Shore              
2018 127.6 75.7 68.9 6.8 59.3 9.0 54.0
2019 127.7 76.4 71.6 4.8 59.8 6.3 56.1
Annapolis Valley              
2018 103.1 61.8 58.3 3.5 59.9 5.7 56.5
2019 103.4 62.5 58.8 3.7 60.4 5.9 56.9
Southern              
2018 97.5 56.6 53.5 3.1 58.1 5.5 54.9
2019 97.8 52.3 48.4 3.9 53.5 7.5 49.5
Halifax              
2018 365.3 251.1 235.6 15.5 68.7 6.2 64.5
2019 373.2 260.6 247.6 13.1 69.8 5.0 66.3
New Brunswick              
2018 627.4 393.1 365.0 28.1 62.7 7.1 58.2
2019 631.0 397.0 367.9 29.1 62.9 7.3 58.3
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2018 127.4 74.5 66.8 7.7 58.5 10.3 52.4
2019 127.0 70.1 62.8 7.2 55.2 10.3 49.4
Moncton–Richibucto              
2018 181.7 116.5 109.0 7.5 64.1 6.4 60.0
2019 183.8 120.0 111.9 8.2 65.3 6.8 60.9
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2018 142.3 88.1 82.1 6.0 61.9 6.8 57.7
2019 143.1 93.9 87.5 6.4 65.6 6.8 61.1
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2018 113.0 74.8 70.1 4.8 66.2 6.4 62.0
2019 114.2 74.3 69.6 4.7 65.1 6.3 60.9
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2018 62.9 39.2 37.0 2.2 62.3 5.6 58.8
2019 62.9 38.8 36.2 2.6 61.7 6.7 57.6
Quebec              
2018 6,982.7 4,564.8 4,328.1 236.7 65.4 5.2 62.0
2019 7,047.6 4,618.6 4,403.2 215.4 65.5 4.7 62.5
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2018 76.2 42.0 37.8 4.2 55.1 10.0 49.6
2019 75.6 41.3 37.8 3.6 54.6 8.7 50.0
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2018 168.1 98.1 93.7 4.5 58.4 4.6 55.7
2019 167.7 101.6 97.9 3.7 60.6 3.6 58.4
Capitale-Nationale              
2018 627.9 413.8 397.6 16.2 65.9 3.9 63.3
2019 630.7 437.0 427.1 9.9 69.3 2.3 67.7
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2018 352.5 230.0 224.0 6.0 65.2 2.6 63.5
2019 353.8 229.1 224.1 4.9 64.8 2.1 63.3
Estrie              
2018 274.5 174.0 167.4 6.6 63.4 3.8 61.0
2019 277.2 173.8 167.1 6.7 62.7 3.9 60.3
Centre-du-Québec              
2018 203.1 128.0 121.2 6.8 63.0 5.3 59.7
2019 204.1 133.0 129.0 4.0 65.2 3.0 63.2
Montérégie              
2018 1,278.7 854.2 821.4 32.8 66.8 3.8 64.2
2019 1,288.8 843.2 812.8 30.5 65.4 3.6 63.1
Montréal              
2018 1,717.2 1,156.2 1,066.4 89.8 67.3 7.8 62.1
2019 1,750.9 1,189.1 1,094.0 95.1 67.9 8.0 62.5
Laval              
2018 362.4 252.9 241.1 11.8 69.8 4.7 66.5
2019 367.4 229.5 220.3 9.3 62.5 4.1 60.0
Lanaudière              
2018 420.7 268.0 255.5 12.5 63.7 4.7 60.7
2019 423.5 278.2 269.0 9.1 65.7 3.3 63.5
Laurentides              
2018 510.3 329.4 311.3 18.1 64.6 5.5 61.0
2019 516.5 331.3 319.3 12.0 64.1 3.6 61.8
Outaouais              
2018 324.8 216.5 206.2 10.2 66.7 4.7 63.5
2019 327.7 224.3 215.9 8.3 68.4 3.7 65.9
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2018 120.2 80.0 77.0 3.0 66.6 3.8 64.1
2019 119.9 81.0 77.7 3.3 67.6 4.1 64.8
Mauricie              
2018 225.5 131.0 126.5 4.5 58.1 3.4 56.1
2019 225.6 130.1 124.1 6.1 57.7 4.7 55.0
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2018 230.3 134.6 127.2 7.5 58.4 5.6 55.2
2019 229.3 140.2 133.5 6.7 61.1 4.8 58.2
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2018 90.4 56.2 53.9 2.3 62.2 4.1 59.6
2019 89.0 55.8 53.7 2.1 62.7 3.8 60.3
Ontario              
2018 11,889.2 7,814.4 7,352.5 461.9 65.7 5.9 61.8
2019 12,116.6 7,977.7 7,524.4 453.2 65.8 5.7 62.1
Ottawa              
2018 1,140.7 755.8 719.6 36.1 66.3 4.8 63.1
2019 1,161.1 789.3 749.9 39.4 68.0 5.0 64.6
Kingston–Pembroke              
2018 383.6 217.6 205.0 12.6 56.7 5.8 53.4
2019 387.3 235.2 223.2 12.0 60.7 5.1 57.6
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2018 334.3 191.3 179.5 11.7 57.2 6.1 53.7
2019 338.6 187.3 176.3 11.0 55.3 5.9 52.1
Toronto              
2018 5,673.8 3,821.1 3,573.0 248.2 67.3 6.5 63.0
2019 5,813.7 3,928.0 3,693.4 234.6 67.6 6.0 63.5
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2018 1,131.4 780.8 739.3 41.4 69.0 5.3 65.3
2019 1,155.9 806.9 764.2 42.7 69.8 5.3 66.1
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2018 1,243.5 805.2 760.8 44.4 64.8 5.5 61.2
2019 1,262.5 807.8 765.3 42.5 64.0 5.3 60.6
London              
2018 573.3 367.6 345.9 21.7 64.1 5.9 60.3
2019 582.9 350.4 330.5 19.9 60.1 5.7 56.7
Windsor–Sarnia              
2018 533.1 322.5 303.7 18.8 60.5 5.8 57.0
2019 538.5 323.3 303.2 20.2 60.0 6.2 56.3
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2018 248.3 165.3 160.4 4.9 66.6 3.0 64.6
2019 250.0 168.0 161.7 6.3 67.2 3.8 64.7
Northeast              
2018 455.3 273.9 257.4 16.5 60.2 6.0 56.5
2019 454.6 269.1 250.8 18.3 59.2 6.8 55.2
Northwest              
2018 171.9 113.4 107.8 5.6 66.0 4.9 62.7
2019 171.7 112.3 106.0 6.3 65.4 5.6 61.7
Manitoba              
2018 1,024.9 698.3 655.9 42.5 68.1 6.1 64.0
2019 1,036.5 697.5 659.2 38.3 67.3 5.5 63.6
Southeast              
2018 94.4 67.1 64.0 3.1 71.1 4.6 67.8
2019 95.6 63.8 61.9 1.9 66.7 3.0 64.7
South Central and North Central              
2018 87.2 57.7 55.4 2.4 66.2 4.2 63.5
2019 87.9 56.6 53.8 2.7 64.4 4.8 61.2
Southwest              
2018 89.9 59.2 56.7 2.5 65.9 4.2 63.1
2019 90.4 61.9 58.7 3.2 68.5 5.2 64.9
Winnipeg              
2018 623.4 428.2 398.6 29.6 68.7 6.9 63.9
2019 633.9 432.5 407.4 25.1 68.2 5.8 64.3
Interlake              
2018 76.1 49.1 46.1 3.1 64.5 6.3 60.6
2019 76.3 49.3 47.0 2.3 64.6 4.7 61.6
Parklands and North              
2018 53.8 37.0 35.1 1.8 68.8 4.9 65.2
2019 52.5 33.4 30.5 2.9 63.6 8.7 58.1
Saskatchewan              
2018 884.8 615.7 575.6 40.1 69.6 6.5 65.1
2019 889.0 621.0 587.5 33.5 69.9 5.4 66.1
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2018 272.5 198.6 186.7 11.9 72.9 6.0 68.5
2019 275.1 200.4 190.0 10.4 72.8 5.2 69.1
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2018 81.2 52.7 50.2 2.5 64.9 4.7 61.8
2019 80.5 53.7 51.3 2.3 66.7 4.3 63.7
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2018 311.2 219.1 204.5 14.6 70.4 6.7 65.7
2019 316.1 219.4 207.1 12.3 69.4 5.6 65.5
Yorkton–Melville              
2018 60.3 37.6 35.3 2.4 62.4 6.4 58.5
2019 59.3 40.5 39.4 1.0 68.3 2.5 66.4
Prince Albert and Northern              
2018 159.5 107.7 99.0 8.7 67.5 8.1 62.1
2019 158.0 107.0 99.6 7.4 67.7 6.9 63.0
Alberta              
2018 3,468.1 2,513.4 2,347.8 165.6 72.5 6.6 67.7
2019 3,522.2 2,544.1 2,370.5 173.6 72.2 6.8 67.3
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2018 230.6 155.4 148.0 7.3 67.4 4.7 64.2
2019 232.7 156.0 146.0 10.0 67.0 6.4 62.7
Camrose–Drumheller              
2018 159.2 112.2 107.1 5.1 70.5 4.5 67.3
2019 158.8 100.5 94.1 6.4 63.3 6.4 59.3
Calgary              
2018 1,330.7 963.6 891.5 72.2 72.4 7.5 67.0
2019 1,360.9 1,003.5 938.2 65.3 73.7 6.5 68.9
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2018 274.5 205.6 193.3 12.3 74.9 6.0 70.4
2019 273.3 201.7 191.1 10.5 73.8 5.2 69.9
Red Deer              
2018 174.2 127.5 120.3 7.2 73.2 5.6 69.1
2019 175.6 120.2 111.3 8.9 68.5 7.4 63.4
Edmonton              
2018 1,183.9 859.6 803.8 55.8 72.6 6.5 67.9
2019 1,208.5 871.8 804.7 67.1 72.1 7.7 66.6
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2018 115.0 89.5 83.8 5.6 77.8 6.3 72.9
2019 112.4 90.4 85.1 5.3 80.4 5.9 75.7
British Columbia              
2018 4,029.6 2,623.2 2,496.4 126.8 65.1 4.8 62.0
2019 4,092.1 2,717.2 2,599.4 117.9 66.4 4.3 63.5
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2018 676.6 431.2 411.6 19.7 63.7 4.6 60.8
2019 685.7 416.2 399.1 17.1 60.7 4.1 58.2
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2018 2,532.3 1,658.3 1,583.0 75.3 65.5 4.5 62.5
2019 2,580.9 1,756.1 1,681.0 75.1 68.0 4.3 65.1
Thompson–Okanagan              
2018 446.8 277.8 261.1 16.6 62.2 6.0 58.4
2019 452.6 293.2 280.2 13.0 64.8 4.4 61.9
Kootenay              
2018 123.2 77.1 72.5 4.6 62.6 6.0 58.8
2019 123.3 75.8 72.2 3.6 61.5 4.7 58.6
Cariboo              
2018 128.0 88.7 84.0 4.7 69.3 5.3 65.6
2019 128.0 89.1 84.3 4.8 69.6 5.4 65.9
North Coast and Nechako              
2018 66.5 46.6 43.9 2.7 70.1 5.8 66.0
2019 66.1 45.6 43.5 2.2 69.0 4.8 65.8
Northeast              
2018 56.1 43.5 40.3 3.2 77.5 7.4 71.8
2019 55.4 41.2 39.2 2.0 74.4 4.9 70.8
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0293-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0122).
Date modified: