Crop Condition Assessment Program, 2019
As of May 26, 2019, crop development was much lower to lower than the average (as observed from 1987 to 2018) for most parts of Canada, according to the Crop Condition Assessment Program.
Although seeding has progressed normally in the Prairies with dry soil conditions, excess moisture from Eastern Ontario to Nova Scotia has limited planting operations. In addition, a lack of soil moisture across the Prairies and British Columbia remains a concern for the normal development of planted crops.
Crop development for most of the Prairies is much lower to lower than normal
Crop development was much lower to lower than normal for all three Prairie provinces, including the region of Peace River. Dry conditions in the last few weeks preceding May 26 allowed seeding to take place normally, however the low moisture content of the topsoil is a concern and more rain is needed for normal crop growth.
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada reported that in the previous two months, most regions of the Prairies had received 40% to 60% of the average rainfall for that period. In the last month, temperatures were one to four degrees below average.
Crop conditions in Central and Atlantic Canada are much lower than normal
Most regions from Eastern Ontario to Nova Scotia show growing conditions to be much lower than normal. Spring weather conditions were generally wet, often with 50% in excess of normal precipitations. As well, average temperatures were below normal by one to four degrees. Current soil conditions, often saturated in water, will delay planting, so dryer and warmer conditions are needed in the near future.
Below normal crop development in British Columbia
In contrast with the rest of the country, British Columbia had warmer than normal temperatures for the beginning of the growing season, by about one degree. At the same time, precipitation over the previous two months has registered at 75% of the average rate. As with the Prairies, increased precipitation is required for the next few weeks for normal crop development. Current growing conditions are generally lower than normal.
Note to readers
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has partnered with Statistics Canada to provide the Crop Condition Assessment Program (CCAP) application. The Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation, part of Natural Resources Canada, has also contributed by providing software for processing the input satellite data.
Since 2018, the CCAP application uses a new design where all components are available on a single page.
In addition, historical values (1987 to 2018) are available in tabular format. These values are derived from the one-kilometre resolution satellite picture elements within each census agriculture region, census division or census consolidated subdivision of Canada that contains pasture and/or cropping. The inter-annual weekly reference period is from mid-April to mid-October.
The CCAP is a free web mapping application that provides timely, objective cropland and pasture monitoring information on a weekly basis for Canada's entire agricultural region, as well as the northern part of the United States.
The application combines state-of-the-art satellite remote sensing with geographic information systems and dynamic web mapping technologies. It is the longest running program of its kind in Canadian history.
Satellite imagery is received every Monday from early April until mid-October. Weekly updates are made to the web application within minutes of receiving the satellite data for near real-time use by the entire agriculture community.
Current conditions are compared with a 32-year normal, allowing easy mapping of areas under stress, such as drought, flooding or frost events. The web application includes other features such as thematic maps and data in graph and tabular format for four types of different geography layers, from the census agriculture region to the township level. The entire historical database from 1987 onward is included in the application.
Data from the CCAP are updated periodically in tabular format.
The publication Crop Condition Assessment Program, 2019 (22-205-X) is available.
Weekly satellite images from the start of the 2019 growing season have been processed and are now available on the Crop Condition Assessment Program website.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).
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