Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  February
2019
March
2019
Standard error1 February to March 2019 March 2018 to March 2019 February to March 2019 March 2018 to March 2019
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,026.9 7,030.4 ... 3.5 65.6 0.0 0.9
Labour force 4,554.1 4,537.1 15.5 -17.0 11.1 -0.4 0.2
Employment 4,314.5 4,301.6 15.6 -12.9 26.1 -0.3 0.6
Full-time employment 3,501.1 3,485.6 21.5 -15.5 -22.3 -0.4 -0.6
Unemployment 239.6 235.5 13.4 -4.1 -15.0 -1.7 -6.0
Participation rate 64.8 64.5 0.2 -0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 61.2 0.2 -0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 899.1 898.3 ... -0.8 -5.7 -0.1 -0.6
Labour force 608.4 609.7 8.8 1.3 1.4 0.2 0.2
Employment 555.2 561.7 8.5 6.5 13.2 1.2 2.4
Unemployment 53.2 48.1 7.0 -5.1 -11.7 -9.6 -19.6
Participation rate 67.7 67.9 1.0 0.2 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 7.9 1.1 -0.8 -1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 62.5 0.9 0.7 1.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,026.2 3,028.5 ... 2.3 37.9 0.1 1.3
Labour force 2,086.6 2,084.0 8.8 -2.6 7.7 -0.1 0.4
Employment 1,974.0 1,973.3 9.0 -0.7 4.1 0.0 0.2
Unemployment 112.6 110.7 8.1 -1.9 3.5 -1.7 3.3
Participation rate 69.0 68.8 0.3 -0.2 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.3 0.4 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 65.2 0.3 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,101.6 3,103.6 ... 2.0 33.4 0.1 1.1
Labour force 1,859.1 1,843.4 8.3 -15.7 2.1 -0.8 0.1
Employment 1,785.3 1,766.6 8.8 -18.7 8.8 -1.0 0.5
Unemployment 73.8 76.8 7.3 3.0 -6.7 4.1 -8.0
Participation rate 59.9 59.4 0.3 -0.5 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 4.2 0.4 0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 57.6 56.9 0.3 -0.7 -0.4 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,035.8 12,052.1 ... 16.3 224.7 0.1 1.9
Labour force 7,821.0 7,830.5 20.2 9.5 211.2 0.1 2.8
Employment 7,378.8 7,370.0 19.9 -8.8 175.1 -0.1 2.4
Full-time employment 6,029.9 6,018.3 28.5 -11.6 148.3 -0.2 2.5
Unemployment 442.2 460.5 16.3 18.3 36.2 4.1 8.5
Participation rate 65.0 65.0 0.2 0.0 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 61.2 0.2 -0.1 0.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,815.6 1,818.2 ... 2.6 22.9 0.1 1.3
Labour force 1,115.9 1,107.3 12.3 -8.6 -1.5 -0.8 -0.1
Employment 983.4 972.3 11.5 -11.1 -10.8 -1.1 -1.1
Unemployment 132.6 135.0 9.6 2.4 9.2 1.8 7.3
Participation rate 61.5 60.9 0.7 -0.6 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.9 12.2 0.8 0.3 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 54.2 53.5 0.6 -0.7 -1.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 4,944.3 4,951.2 ... 6.9 103.6 0.1 2.1
Labour force 3,490.8 3,515.3 10.6 24.5 124.6 0.7 3.7
Employment 3,327.2 3,345.8 10.7 18.6 102.2 0.6 3.2
Unemployment 163.6 169.5 9.1 5.9 22.4 3.6 15.2
Participation rate 70.6 71.0 0.2 0.4 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.8 0.3 0.1 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 67.3 67.6 0.2 0.3 0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,275.9 5,282.6 ... 6.7 98.1 0.1 1.9
Labour force 3,214.2 3,207.8 11.5 -6.4 88.0 -0.2 2.8
Employment 3,068.3 3,051.8 11.3 -16.5 83.5 -0.5 2.8
Unemployment 146.0 156.0 9.3 10.0 4.5 6.8 3.0
Participation rate 60.9 60.7 0.2 -0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.9 0.3 0.4 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 57.8 0.2 -0.4 0.5 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,032.1 1,033.2 ... 1.1 11.7 0.1 1.1
Labour force 690.8 689.3 2.7 -1.5 3.0 -0.2 0.4
Employment 654.4 654.6 2.7 0.2 11.3 0.0 1.8
Full-time employment 524.5 522.7 3.8 -1.8 9.6 -0.3 1.9
Unemployment 36.4 34.6 2.2 -1.8 -8.4 -4.9 -19.5
Participation rate 66.9 66.7 0.3 -0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.0 0.3 -0.3 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.4 63.4 0.3 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 166.3 166.4 ... 0.1 0.9 0.1 0.5
Labour force 108.7 109.4 1.6 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.2
Employment 98.0 98.5 1.5 0.5 2.3 0.5 2.4
Unemployment 10.8 10.9 1.3 0.1 -2.2 0.9 -16.8
Participation rate 65.4 65.7 0.9 0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.9 10.0 1.1 0.1 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 59.2 0.9 0.3 1.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 425.4 425.9 ... 0.5 5.9 0.1 1.4
Labour force 313.4 312.0 1.4 -1.4 3.9 -0.4 1.3
Employment 298.6 298.8 1.5 0.2 7.6 0.1 2.6
Unemployment 14.7 13.1 1.3 -1.6 -3.8 -10.9 -22.5
Participation rate 73.7 73.3 0.3 -0.4 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.2 0.4 -0.5 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 70.2 70.2 0.3 0.0 0.9 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 440.4 440.9 ... 0.5 5.0 0.1 1.1
Labour force 268.7 267.9 1.6 -0.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.4
Employment 257.8 257.3 1.5 -0.5 1.3 -0.2 0.5
Unemployment 10.9 10.6 1.2 -0.3 -2.4 -2.8 -18.5
Participation rate 61.0 60.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.5 58.4 0.4 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 887.8 888.1 ... 0.3 5.5 0.0 0.6
Labour force 610.0 608.9 2.5 -1.1 3.0 -0.2 0.5
Employment 574.9 578.8 2.5 3.9 9.3 0.7 1.6
Full-time employment 470.8 474.8 3.4 4.0 8.5 0.8 1.8
Unemployment 35.1 30.0 2.1 -5.1 -6.4 -14.5 -17.6
Participation rate 68.7 68.6 0.3 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 4.9 0.3 -0.9 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 64.8 65.2 0.3 0.4 0.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.8 131.8 ... 0.0 -1.2 0.0 -0.9
Labour force 84.8 85.5 1.4 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.3
Employment 76.2 77.7 1.3 1.5 3.0 2.0 4.0
Unemployment 8.6 7.8 1.2 -0.8 -1.9 -9.3 -19.6
Participation rate 64.3 64.9 1.1 0.6 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.1 9.1 1.3 -1.0 -2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 59.0 1.0 1.2 2.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 378.5 378.7 ... 0.2 3.4 0.1 0.9
Labour force 283.7 283.8 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Employment 269.1 271.8 1.5 2.7 4.0 1.0 1.5
Unemployment 14.6 12.0 1.3 -2.6 -4.0 -17.8 -25.0
Participation rate 75.0 74.9 0.4 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 4.2 0.5 -0.9 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 71.1 71.8 0.4 0.7 0.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 377.5 377.6 ... 0.1 3.3 0.0 0.9
Labour force 241.4 239.6 1.4 -1.8 1.9 -0.7 0.8
Employment 229.6 229.4 1.4 -0.2 2.4 -0.1 1.1
Unemployment 11.9 10.2 1.1 -1.7 -0.5 -14.3 -4.7
Participation rate 63.9 63.5 0.4 -0.4 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.3 0.5 -0.6 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 60.8 0.4 0.0 0.2 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,501.6 3,505.3 ... 3.7 51.5 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,512.6 2,500.5 9.6 -12.1 18.8 -0.5 0.8
Employment 2,330.2 2,328.4 9.9 -1.8 4.6 -0.1 0.2
Full-time employment 1,906.3 1,924.4 13.9 18.1 18.1 0.9 0.9
Unemployment 182.5 172.1 8.1 -10.4 14.2 -5.7 9.0
Participation rate 71.8 71.3 0.3 -0.5 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.3 6.9 0.3 -0.4 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 66.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 505.4 505.4 ... 0.0 -0.8 0.0 -0.2
Labour force 320.0 317.9 5.5 -2.1 -11.0 -0.7 -3.3
Employment 282.8 283.6 5.1 0.8 -1.6 0.3 -0.6
Unemployment 37.2 34.3 4.3 -2.9 -9.4 -7.8 -21.5
Participation rate 63.3 62.9 1.1 -0.4 -2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.6 10.8 1.2 -0.8 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 56.0 56.1 1.0 0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,503.5 1,505.1 ... 1.6 21.5 0.1 1.4
Labour force 1,195.1 1,191.8 5.2 -3.3 4.7 -0.3 0.4
Employment 1,112.6 1,112.8 5.8 0.2 -4.4 0.0 -0.4
Unemployment 82.5 79.1 5.1 -3.4 9.3 -4.1 13.3
Participation rate 79.5 79.2 0.3 -0.3 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.9 6.6 0.4 -0.3 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 74.0 73.9 0.4 -0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,492.7 1,494.8 ... 2.1 30.7 0.1 2.1
Labour force 997.6 990.7 5.5 -6.9 25.0 -0.7 2.6
Employment 934.8 932.0 5.7 -2.8 10.6 -0.3 1.2
Unemployment 62.7 58.7 4.6 -4.0 14.4 -6.4 32.5
Participation rate 66.8 66.3 0.4 -0.5 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 5.9 0.5 -0.4 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 62.3 0.4 -0.3 -0.6 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,067.3 4,071.5 ... 4.2 59.2 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,668.9 2,681.2 10.2 12.3 80.5 0.5 3.1
Employment 2,547.8 2,555.7 10.3 7.9 79.4 0.3 3.2
Full-time employment 1,973.3 1,976.3 15.9 3.0 29.0 0.2 1.5
Unemployment 121.1 125.4 8.0 4.3 1.1 3.6 0.9
Participation rate 65.6 65.9 0.3 0.3 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.7 0.3 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 62.8 0.3 0.2 1.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 585.2 585.9 ... 0.7 4.9 0.1 0.8
Labour force 384.5 387.7 5.8 3.2 19.3 0.8 5.2
Employment 350.4 348.9 5.7 -1.5 8.1 -0.4 2.4
Unemployment 34.0 38.7 4.4 4.7 11.1 13.8 40.2
Participation rate 65.7 66.2 1.0 0.5 2.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 10.0 1.1 1.2 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.9 59.5 1.0 -0.4 0.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,700.8 1,702.6 ... 1.8 28.3 0.1 1.7
Labour force 1,189.4 1,194.0 5.3 4.6 26.5 0.4 2.3
Employment 1,147.0 1,152.7 5.8 5.7 36.6 0.5 3.3
Unemployment 42.4 41.4 4.6 -1.0 -9.9 -2.4 -19.3
Participation rate 69.9 70.1 0.3 0.2 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.6 3.5 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.7 0.3 0.3 1.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,781.3 1,782.9 ... 1.6 25.9 0.1 1.5
Labour force 1,095.1 1,099.5 6.2 4.4 34.7 0.4 3.3
Employment 1,050.5 1,054.1 6.0 3.6 34.8 0.3 3.4
Unemployment 44.6 45.3 4.6 0.7 -0.1 1.6 -0.2
Participation rate 61.5 61.7 0.4 0.2 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.1 0.4 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 59.0 59.1 0.3 0.1 1.1 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
Date modified: