Table 2 
Federal government spending on science and technology, by performing sector 

Federal government spending on science and technology, by performing sector
  2016/2017 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2018/2019 to 2019/2020
  millions of dollarsmillions of dollarsmillions of dollarsmillions of dollars % change
Total, all performing sectors 11,427 12,054 12,007 11,692 -2.6
Federal government (intramural) 5,176 5,390 5,186 5,177 -0.2
Business enterprise 1,498 1,520 1,788 1,700 -4.9
Higher education 3,298 3,418 3,692 3,648 -1.2
Canadian non-profit institutions 550 587 602 590 -2.0
Provincial and municipal governments 403 620 259 124 -52.1
Foreign performers 502 519 479 454 -5.2
Note(s):
  • Conceptual changes were implemented for the 2016/2017 survey cycle to account for non-program costs (indirect costs). The value of services provided without charge to the responding department by other federal government departments will not be added. As a result, data for 2010/2011 onward are not comparable with data for previous years.
  • The extramural performer category of "other Canadian performers" was removed from the questionnaire as of 2016/2017.
Source(s):
Date modified: