Table 1 
Federal government spending on science and technology, by type of science 

Federal government spending on science and technology, by type of science
  2016/2017 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2018/2019 to 2019/2020
  millions of dollarsmillions of dollarsmillions of dollarsmillions of dollars % change
Total, science and technology 11 427 12,054 12,007 11,692 -2.6
Research and development 7 092 7,742 7,615 7,567 -0.6
Related scientific activities 4 335 4,312 4,392 4,124 -6.1
Natural sciences and engineering 8 641 9,356 9,254 8,978 -3.0
Research and development 6 124 6,666 6,512 6,447 -1.0
Related scientific activities 2 517 2,690 2,743 2,530 -7.8
Social sciences, humanities and the arts 2 786 2,698 2,753 2,714 -1.4
Research and development 968 1,076 1,104 1,120 1.4
Related scientific activities 1 818 1,622 1,649 1,594 -3.3
Note(s):
Conceptual changes were implemented for the 2016/2017 survey cycle to account for non-program costs (indirect costs). The value of services provided without charge to the responding department by other federal government departments will not be added. As a result, data for 2010/2011 onward are not comparable with data for previous years.
Source(s):
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