Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  July
2018
August
2018
Standard error1 July to August 2018 August 2017 to August 2018 July to August 2018 August 2017 to August 2018
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 185.5 185.6 ... 0.1 1.1 0.1 0.6
Labour force 121.7 122.6 0.9 0.9 4.2 0.7 3.5
Employment 110.8 110.9 0.9 0.1 2.3 0.1 2.1
Unemployment 11.0 11.7 0.5 0.7 2.0 6.4 20.6
Participation rate 65.6 66.1 0.5 0.5 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.0 9.5 0.4 0.5 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 59.8 0.5 0.1 0.9 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 365.3 366.0 ... 0.7 6.6 0.2 1.8
Labour force 249.5 250.7 1.3 1.2 9.6 0.5 4.0
Employment 233.4 233.7 1.4 0.3 10.1 0.1 4.5
Unemployment 16.1 17.0 0.8 0.9 -0.5 5.6 -2.9
Participation rate 68.3 68.5 0.4 0.2 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 6.8 0.3 0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 63.9 63.9 0.4 0.0 1.7 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 129.1 129.3 ... 0.2 1.9 0.2 1.5
Labour force 84.9 84.7 0.8 -0.2 3.9 -0.2 4.8
Employment 79.5 79.0 0.8 -0.5 2.4 -0.6 3.1
Unemployment 5.4 5.7 0.4 0.3 1.6 5.6 39.0
Participation rate 65.8 65.5 0.6 -0.3 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 6.7 0.5 0.3 1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.6 61.1 0.6 -0.5 1.0 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 106.1 106.1 ... 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.5
Labour force 66.3 66.7 0.8 0.4 -3.2 0.6 -4.6
Employment 62.6 63.1 0.8 0.5 -2.9 0.8 -4.4
Unemployment 3.6 3.7 0.4 0.1 -0.2 2.8 -5.1
Participation rate 62.5 62.9 0.7 0.4 -3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.5 0.5 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.0 59.5 0.8 0.5 -3.0 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 134.4 134.3 ... -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.4
Labour force 79.7 79.5 0.9 -0.2 -3.4 -0.3 -4.1
Employment 74.3 74.2 0.9 -0.1 -3.1 -0.1 -4.0
Unemployment 5.4 5.3 0.4 -0.1 -0.3 -1.9 -5.4
Participation rate 59.3 59.2 0.6 -0.1 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 6.7 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 55.3 55.2 0.6 -0.1 -2.1 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 683.5 683.9 ... 0.4 3.6 0.1 0.5
Labour force 475.2 471.5 3.2 -3.7 17.4 -0.8 3.8
Employment 456.8 453.9 3.3 -2.9 17.0 -0.6 3.9
Unemployment 18.4 17.6 1.3 -0.8 0.4 -4.3 2.3
Participation rate 69.5 68.9 0.5 -0.6 2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.7 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 66.8 66.4 0.5 -0.4 2.2 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 185.1 185.3 ... 0.2 2.0 0.1 1.1
Labour force 119.0 118.7 1.2 -0.3 6.8 -0.3 6.1
Employment 113.8 113.4 1.2 -0.4 7.1 -0.4 6.7
Unemployment 5.2 5.3 0.4 0.1 -0.3 1.9 -5.4
Participation rate 64.3 64.1 0.6 -0.2 3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.5 0.4 0.1 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 61.2 0.6 -0.3 3.2 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 134.4 134.4 ... 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.4
Labour force 81.1 82.8 0.8 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.5
Employment 77.2 78.9 0.8 1.7 3.1 2.2 4.1
Unemployment 3.9 3.9 0.3 0.0 -1.1 0.0 -22.0
Participation rate 60.3 61.6 0.6 1.3 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.7 0.4 -0.1 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.4 58.7 0.6 1.3 2.0 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,458.0 3,462.5 ... 4.5 39.7 0.1 1.2
Labour force 2,330.5 2,327.6 8.0 -2.9 22.6 -0.1 1.0
Employment 2,189.4 2,187.2 8.5 -2.2 29.0 -0.1 1.3
Unemployment 141.1 140.4 5.0 -0.7 -6.4 -0.5 -4.4
Participation rate 67.4 67.2 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.3 63.2 0.2 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,147.2 1,149.2 ... 2.0 22.0 0.2 2.0
Labour force 775.9 775.7 4.5 -0.2 8.5 0.0 1.1
Employment 741.2 739.6 4.6 -1.6 17.8 -0.2 2.5
Unemployment 34.7 36.1 1.9 1.4 -9.3 4.0 -20.5
Participation rate 67.6 67.5 0.4 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.7 0.2 0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 64.4 0.4 -0.2 0.4 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 278.1 278.4 ... 0.3 2.5 0.1 0.9
Labour force 189.3 189.8 1.5 0.5 -2.1 0.3 -1.1
Employment 180.1 180.8 1.5 0.7 0.0 0.4 0.0
Unemployment 9.3 9.1 0.6 -0.2 -2.0 -2.2 -18.0
Participation rate 68.1 68.2 0.5 0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.8 0.3 -0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 64.8 64.9 0.5 0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 869.1 870.8 ... 1.7 19.6 0.2 2.3
Labour force 586.6 585.8 4.3 -0.8 10.5 -0.1 1.8
Employment 561.1 558.8 4.3 -2.3 17.8 -0.4 3.3
Unemployment 25.5 27.0 1.8 1.5 -7.3 5.9 -21.3
Participation rate 67.5 67.3 0.5 -0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.6 0.3 0.3 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 64.2 0.5 -0.4 0.6 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 143.5 143.8 ... 0.3 2.2 0.2 1.6
Labour force 91.5 91.7 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0
Employment 86.1 86.2 0.7 0.1 -0.6 0.1 -0.7
Unemployment 5.4 5.5 0.3 0.1 0.6 1.9 12.2
Participation rate 63.8 63.8 0.5 0.0 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.0 0.3 0.1 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 60.0 59.9 0.5 -0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 106.0 106.2 ... 0.2 1.2 0.2 1.1
Labour force 63.8 66.2 1.4 2.4 -1.0 3.8 -1.5
Employment 61.7 62.9 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.9 1.9
Unemployment 2.1 3.2 0.5 1.1 -2.3 52.4 -41.8
Participation rate 60.2 62.3 1.4 2.1 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.3 4.8 0.8 1.5 -3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 59.2 1.4 1.0 0.4 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 338.9 339.5 ... 0.6 6.6 0.2 2.0
Labour force 237.6 236.0 1.9 -1.6 11.2 -0.7 5.0
Employment 227.2 224.5 1.9 -2.7 11.2 -1.2 5.3
Unemployment 10.4 11.5 0.8 1.1 0.0 10.6 0.0
Participation rate 70.1 69.5 0.6 -0.6 2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.9 0.3 0.5 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 67.0 66.1 0.6 -0.9 2.0 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,419.2 5,431.3 ... 12.1 130.3 0.2 2.5
Labour force 3,577.5 3,566.3 10.4 -11.2 70.7 -0.3 2.0
Employment 3,360.9 3,350.3 10.5 -10.6 75.9 -0.3 2.3
Unemployment 216.7 216.0 6.0 -0.7 -5.2 -0.3 -2.4
Participation rate 66.0 65.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.1 0.2 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 668.4 669.3 ... 0.9 10.3 0.1 1.6
Labour force 435.9 433.9 3.3 -2.0 -12.6 -0.5 -2.8
Employment 415.1 412.1 3.4 -3.0 -14.4 -0.7 -3.4
Unemployment 20.7 21.8 1.4 1.1 1.8 5.3 9.0
Participation rate 65.2 64.8 0.5 -0.4 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 5.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 61.6 0.5 -0.5 -3.1 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 352.3 352.8 ... 0.5 4.6 0.1 1.3
Labour force 217.8 217.1 2.2 -0.7 3.8 -0.3 1.8
Employment 202.5 201.0 2.2 -1.5 1.7 -0.7 0.9
Unemployment 15.3 16.1 0.9 0.8 2.1 5.2 15.0
Participation rate 61.8 61.5 0.6 -0.3 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.4 0.4 0.4 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 57.5 57.0 0.6 -0.5 -0.2 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 439.5 440.3 ... 0.8 8.2 0.2 1.9
Labour force 310.1 315.3 2.2 5.2 6.6 1.7 2.1
Employment 292.4 298.0 2.3 5.6 3.5 1.9 1.2
Unemployment 17.7 17.3 1.0 -0.4 3.1 -2.3 21.8
Participation rate 70.6 71.6 0.5 1.0 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.5 0.3 -0.2 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 67.7 0.5 1.2 -0.5 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 116.3 116.5 ... 0.2 1.8 0.2 1.6
Labour force 72.3 71.7 1.0 -0.6 -2.2 -0.8 -3.0
Employment 68.5 68.2 1.1 -0.3 -1.9 -0.4 -2.7
Unemployment 3.8 3.6 0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -5.3 -7.7
Participation rate 62.2 61.5 0.8 -0.7 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.0 0.5 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 58.5 0.9 -0.4 -2.6 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 135.5 135.9 ... 0.4 3.2 0.3 2.4
Labour force 92.5 92.3 1.1 -0.2 -4.9 -0.2 -5.0
Employment 88.6 88.5 1.2 -0.1 -3.9 -0.1 -4.2
Unemployment 4.0 3.8 0.5 -0.2 -1.1 -5.0 -22.4
Participation rate 68.3 67.9 0.8 -0.4 -5.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.1 0.5 -0.2 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 65.4 65.1 0.9 -0.3 -4.5 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 438.9 439.7 ... 0.8 7.9 0.2 1.8
Labour force 270.1 270.0 2.5 -0.1 12.9 0.0 5.0
Employment 255.4 256.0 2.5 0.6 12.8 0.2 5.3
Unemployment 14.7 14.1 1.0 -0.6 0.1 -4.1 0.7
Participation rate 61.5 61.4 0.6 -0.1 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 58.2 0.6 0.0 1.9 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 289.9 290.4 ... 0.5 4.9 0.2 1.7
Labour force 172.6 172.1 1.8 -0.5 -2.2 -0.3 -1.3
Employment 162.2 160.7 1.9 -1.5 -3.0 -0.9 -1.8
Unemployment 10.4 11.4 0.8 1.0 0.8 9.6 7.5
Participation rate 59.5 59.3 0.6 -0.2 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 56.0 55.3 0.7 -0.7 -2.0 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 176.3 176.6 ... 0.3 3.5 0.2 2.0
Labour force 122.2 124.7 1.6 2.5 -0.9 2.0 -0.7
Employment 113.6 116.4 1.7 2.8 -0.9 2.5 -0.8
Unemployment 8.6 8.3 0.8 -0.3 0.0 -3.5 0.0
Participation rate 69.3 70.6 0.9 1.3 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 6.7 0.7 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 64.4 65.9 1.0 1.5 -1.9 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 140.8 140.9 ... 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.4
Labour force 86.1 86.2 0.8 0.1 -0.7 0.1 -0.8
Employment 80.4 80.4 0.9 0.0 -1.0 0.0 -1.2
Unemployment 5.7 5.8 0.4 0.1 0.3 1.8 5.5
Participation rate 61.2 61.2 0.6 0.0 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.6 6.7 0.4 0.1 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 57.1 0.6 0.0 -0.9 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.8 104.9 ... 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Labour force 68.4 68.1 0.6 -0.3 2.0 -0.4 3.0
Employment 65.0 64.5 0.6 -0.5 1.8 -0.8 2.9
Unemployment 3.4 3.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 5.9 5.9
Participation rate 65.3 64.9 0.5 -0.4 1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.5 0.5 -0.5 1.7 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 685.6 686.5 ... 0.9 10.7 0.1 1.6
Labour force 468.2 471.1 1.3 2.9 10.6 0.6 2.3
Employment 436.7 440.6 1.3 3.9 4.9 0.9 1.1
Unemployment 31.5 30.5 0.8 -1.0 5.7 -3.2 23.0
Participation rate 68.3 68.6 0.2 0.3 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 6.5 0.2 -0.2 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 63.7 64.2 0.2 0.5 -0.3 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 208.6 208.9 ... 0.3 3.7 0.1 1.8
Labour force 150.5 150.0 0.9 -0.5 2.3 -0.3 1.6
Employment 140.7 140.4 0.9 -0.3 0.9 -0.2 0.6
Unemployment 9.8 9.5 0.4 -0.3 1.2 -3.1 14.5
Participation rate 72.1 71.8 0.4 -0.3 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 6.3 0.3 -0.2 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 67.4 67.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.8 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 269.6 270.1 ... 0.5 6.4 0.2 2.4
Labour force 189.0 189.2 1.1 0.2 2.4 0.1 1.3
Employment 175.6 175.6 1.0 0.0 4.1 0.0 2.4
Unemployment 13.5 13.6 0.6 0.1 -1.7 0.7 -11.1
Participation rate 70.1 70.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.1 7.2 0.3 0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 65.0 0.4 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,243.7 1,246.2 ... 2.5 22.8 0.2 1.9
Labour force 897.9 896.3 4.3 -1.6 -18.1 -0.2 -2.0
Employment 827.2 822.9 4.5 -4.3 -14.5 -0.5 -1.7
Unemployment 70.7 73.4 2.7 2.7 -3.7 3.8 -4.8
Participation rate 72.2 71.9 0.4 -0.3 -2.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 8.2 0.3 0.3 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 66.0 0.4 -0.5 -2.4 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,159.0 1,161.2 ... 2.2 21.4 0.2 1.9
Labour force 834.8 842.1 4.0 7.3 8.3 0.9 1.0
Employment 780.4 788.0 4.2 7.6 26.0 1.0 3.4
Unemployment 54.4 54.1 2.4 -0.3 -17.7 -0.6 -24.7
Participation rate 72.0 72.5 0.3 0.5 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 6.4 0.3 -0.1 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 67.3 67.9 0.4 0.6 1.0 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 162.5 162.8 ... 0.3 3.3 0.2 2.1
Labour force 109.7 108.6 1.3 -1.1 1.6 -1.0 1.5
Employment 103.5 102.1 1.4 -1.4 0.5 -1.4 0.5
Unemployment 6.2 6.5 0.7 0.3 1.1 4.8 20.4
Participation rate 67.5 66.7 0.8 -0.8 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 6.0 0.6 0.3 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 63.7 62.7 0.9 -1.0 -1.0 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 153.2 153.6 ... 0.4 3.4 0.3 2.3
Labour force 100.0 99.4 0.8 -0.6 0.5 -0.6 0.5
Employment 95.2 94.4 0.8 -0.8 1.0 -0.8 1.1
Unemployment 4.8 5.0 0.3 0.2 -0.5 4.2 -9.1
Participation rate 65.3 64.7 0.6 -0.6 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.0 0.3 0.2 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 61.5 0.5 -0.6 -0.7 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,227.0 2,230.7 ... 3.7 33.0 0.2 1.5
Labour force 1,454.1 1,467.7 5.8 13.6 -13.7 0.9 -0.9
Employment 1,390.3 1,398.6 5.9 8.3 -14.6 0.6 -1.0
Unemployment 63.8 69.2 2.9 5.4 1.0 8.5 1.5
Participation rate 65.3 65.8 0.3 0.5 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.7 0.2 0.3 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.4 62.7 0.3 0.3 -1.6 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 315.0 315.5 ... 0.5 4.4 0.2 1.4
Labour force 208.9 206.3 1.7 -2.6 5.6 -1.2 2.8
Employment 200.1 197.4 1.7 -2.7 5.7 -1.3 3.0
Unemployment 8.8 8.9 0.6 0.1 -0.1 1.1 -1.1
Participation rate 66.3 65.4 0.5 -0.9 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.3 0.3 0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 63.5 62.6 0.5 -0.9 1.0 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
Date modified: