Federal government spending on science and technology, by type of science
|2015/2016||2016/2017||2017/2018||2018/2019||2017/2018 to 2018/2019|
|millions of dollars||millions of dollars||millions of dollars||millions of dollars||% change|
|Total, science and technology||10 441||11,427||12,075||11,338||-6.1|
|Research and development||6 620||7,092||7,612||7,059||-7.3|
|Related scientific activities||3 821||4,335||4,463||4,280||-4.1|
|Natural sciences and engineering||7 930||8,641||9,369||8,725||-6.9|
|Research and development||5 598||6,124||6,617||6,081||-8.1|
|Related scientific activities||2 332||2,517||2,752||2,644||-3.9|
|Social sciences, humanities and the arts||2 511||2,786||2,706||2,613||-3.4|
|Research and development||1 023||968||996||977||-1.9|
|Related scientific activities||1 488||1,818||1,711||1,636||-4.4|
Conceptual changes were implemented for the 2016/2017 survey cycle to account for non-program costs (indirect costs). The value of services provided without charge to the responding department by other federal government departments will not be added. As a result, data for 2010/2011 onward are not comparable with data for previous years.
CANSIM table 358-0143.