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Performing arts, 2016

Released: 2018-03-09

Performing arts companies

Performing arts companies generated $2.2 billion in operating revenue in 2016, up 5.8% from 2014. Operating expenses in this industry group increased by 5.4% over the two-year period to $1.9 billion, resulting in an operating profit margin of 12.0%.

While both operating revenue and expenses showed positive growth rates in 2016, salary, wages, benefits and commissions fell 4.6% to $0.5 billion. The decline was attributable to for-profit companies, where salary, wages, benefits and commissions fell by 15.4%.

For-profit companies accounted for 59.1% or $1.3 billion of total operating revenue, while not-for-profit companies accounted for 40.9% or $0.9 billion.

For-profit companies led the growth in operating revenue, contributing 64.4% or $76.5 million to the $118.7 million increase from 2014.

Four provinces accounted for 92.7% of operating revenue: Ontario (38.3%), Quebec (33.3%), British Columbia (12.2%) and Alberta (8.9%). Ontario led the way in growth over the two-year period, with operating revenues increasing by 18.8% to $826.6 million in 2016.

The performing arts industry group consists of five industries: theatre (except musical) companies; musical theatre and opera companies; dance companies; musical groups and artists; and other performing arts companies.

The musical groups and artists industry accounted for the largest share of operating revenue (40.7%) in the performing arts, and contributed the most to the growth over the two-year period, increasing 11.9% to $878.7 million in 2016.

The lone industry that saw a drop in operating revenue was other performing arts companies, down 6.0% to $386.4 million, mainly due to the for-profit companies in this industry. Other performing arts companies were also responsible for the decline in salary, wages, benefits and commission in the overall performing arts industry group.

Non-profit establishments

Among non-profit establishments, sales of goods and services of performing arts increased 8.1% from 2014. Theatre (except musical) companies had the largest share of total sales of goods and services of performing arts in 2016, accounting for $182.2 million or 49.9% of the total ($365.4 million).

Provincially, Ontario led the way, accounting for 42.3% or $154.5 million of the total sales of goods and services in the non-profit sector.

Performance revenue ($292.2 million) accounted for the largest share of total sales of goods and services in 2016, and consisted of single tickets sales ($173.1 million), subscriptions ($74.3 million), touring income ($29.3 million) and contract production ($15.5 million).

Single tickets sales increased 11.7% from 2014 to 2016, while subscription sales were down 2.5%.

Federal grants increased 16.1% from 2014 to 2016. This growth was partly attributable to the 2016 federal budget, which committed an additional $1.9 billion in funding to the arts and cultural sector over a five-year period.

  Note to readers

Data for 2014 have been revised.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).

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