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Wholesale Services Price Index, third quarter 2017

Released: 2018-02-15

The Wholesale Services Price Index (WSPI) was down 0.9% in the third quarter, with five of the eight subsectors posting margin declines. The last quarterly decline of the index occurred in the first quarter of 2015.

Chart 1  Chart 1: Wholesale Services Price Index
Wholesale Services Price Index

The decrease in the WSPI in the third quarter of 2017 was led by petroleum and petroleum product merchant wholesalers (-13.9%), as margins for this subsector declined following three consecutive quarterly gains.

Also contributing to the decline in the WSPI in the third quarter were miscellaneous merchant wholesalers (-3.4%) as decreases were widespread across most industries in this subsector. The two leading contributors to this decline were recyclable metal and chemical (except agricultural) and allied product merchant wholesalers. Margins for food, beverage and tobacco merchant wholesalers (-2.1%) also decreased as a result of lower margins for other specialty-line food and general-line food merchant wholesalers.

The fall in the WSPI was also attributable to lower margins for personal and household goods merchant wholesalers (-0.8%) and, to a lesser extent, for farm product merchant wholesalers (-0.8%).

Moderating the quarterly decrease in the WSPI were machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers (+2.6%), as margin gains were recorded for computer, computer peripheral and pre-packaged software, professional machinery, equipment and supplies, and mining and oil and gas well machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers.

Margin gains were also registered by building material and supplies merchant wholesalers (+2.5%), primarily as a result of higher margins for metal service centres.

Margins for motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and accessories (+2.4%) were up as a result of higher margins for new and used automobile and light-duty truck and other new motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers.

Year-over-year change

The WSPI increased 3.9% in the third quarter compared with the same quarter in 2016, as margin gains were widespread across seven of the eight subsectors. This was the 16th consecutive year-over-year increase.

Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers posted the largest year-over-year margin gain (+50.4%) since the inception of the WSPI, surpassing the margin gain (+39.2%) registered in the previous quarter. This was partly as a result of low margins recorded in the same quarter of 2016.

Margins were also up for building material and supplies (+4.6%), personal and household goods (+2.1%), miscellaneous (+1.6%), food, beverage and tobacco (+0.8%), machinery, equipment and supplies (+0.7%) and motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and accessories (+0.3%) merchant wholesalers.

Farm products merchant wholesalers (-12.2%) recorded the only year-over-year margin decline.

  Note to readers

The Wholesale Services Price Index (WSPI) represents the change in the price of the wholesale service. The price of the wholesale service is defined as the margin price, which is the difference between the average purchase price and the average selling price of the wholesale product being priced. The WSPI is not a wholesale selling price index.

With each release, data for the previous quarter may have been revised. The series are also subject to an annual revision with the release of second quarter data of the following reference year. The indexes are not seasonally adjusted. Data are available at the Canada level only.

A Historical Timeline of Canadian Producer Price Statistics

A Historical Timeline of Canadian Producer Price Statistics, which is part of the Prices Analytical Series (Catalogue number62F0014M), was created to showcase the key milestones in the history of Canadian producer price statistics. This historical timeline contains answers to questions such as: Who collected Canada's first statistics? What do Canadian producer price indexes measure?

Infographic: Producer Price Indexes at a Glance

The infographic, "Producer Price Indexes at a Glance," which is part of Statistics Canada — Infographics (Catalogue number11-627-M), demonstrates how producer price indexes for goods and services are calculated and why they are important for the Canadian economy.

Contact information

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