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Non-residential Building Construction Price Index, fourth quarter 2017

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Released: 2018-02-13

Contractors' prices for new non-residential building construction rose 0.8% in the fourth quarter. Higher prices to build industrial (+0.9%), commercial (+0.7%) and institutional (+0.9%) structures all contributed to the gain.

Prices for new non-residential building construction were up in all seven census metropolitan areas surveyed, led by Vancouver (+1.6%) and Montréal (+1.2%). Contractors reported rising costs for lumber, concrete formwork, plastic, copper and fuel-related inputs. Rebuilding activities in the United States after an active 2017 hurricane season contributed to higher prices for these materials. From August to October, four hurricanes made landfall in the United States causing widespread damage.

Non-residential Building Construction Price Index, year-over-year change

Over the four quarters ending in December, contractors' prices for new non-residential building construction rose 3.1%. Higher prices in Vancouver (+5.9%) and Montréal (+4.4%) led the increase.

  Note to readers

The Non-residential Building Construction Price Index is a quarterly series that measures the changes in contractors' selling prices of new non-residential building construction in seven census metropolitan areas (CMAs): Halifax, Montréal, Ottawa–Gatineau (Ontario part), Toronto, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver. Three classes of structures are covered: commercial, industrial and institutional.

Selling prices include the costs of materials, labour and equipment, provincial sales taxes where applicable, and contractors' overhead and profit. The costs of land, land assembly, design and development, as well as real estate fees, are excluded. Value added taxes such as the federal Goods and Services Tax and the harmonized sales tax are excluded.

With each release, data for the previous quarter may have been revised. The index is not seasonally adjusted.

Upcoming changes to Building Construction Price Index

On May 8, 2018, with the release of first quarter 2018 data, a number of important changes will be introduced to increase the relevance of the building construction price indexes.

Non-residential building construction price indexes will be produced based on updated building models, which reflect newer construction technologies and materials. A new transit building index will also be added to increase coverage of building construction in the industrial sector.

Coverage of building construction activity will be expanded with the launch of new residential building construction price indexes. These will include an updated high-rise apartment index replacing the previously published Apartment Building Construction Price Index, as well as new indexes for single-detached homes, townhomes and low-rise apartments.

The geographical coverage will be expanded for all of the non-residential and residential building construction price indexes to include four new CMAs. These additions will provide a more comprehensive representation of building construction activity across Canadian provinces.

Trade group level indexes (for example, mechanical, electrical) will no longer be published in CANSIM. However, they will be available to users upon request.

The building construction price indexes will have a 2017=100 base year. The weights used for the 2017=100 indexes will remain a price-adjusted three-year average of the total value of building permits issued for each of the surveyed CMAs, updated to reflect 2014 to 2016.

The historical continuity of the building construction price indexes will be maintained wherever possible by linking the new building construction price indexes with comparable historical index series published in CANSIM tables 327-0043 and 327-0044. A new CANSIM table (327-0058) will replace the current tables.

A Historical Timeline of Canadian Producer Price Statistics

"A Historical Timeline of Canadian Producer Price Statistics," which is part of the Prices Analytical Series (Catalogue number62F0014M), was created to showcase the key milestones in the history of Canadian producer price statistics. This historical timeline contains answers to questions such as: Who collected Canada's first statistics? What do Canadian producer price indexes measure?

Infographic: Producer Price Indexes at a Glance

The infographic "Producer Price Indexes at a Glance," which is part of Statistics Canada — Infographics (Catalogue number11-627-M), demonstrates how producer price indexes for goods and services are calculated and why they are important for the Canadian economy.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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