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Leading indicator of cross-border traveller volume, November 2017

Released: 2017-12-11

Data indicating the number of US residents entering Canada by automobile in November through land ports equipped with the automated Integrated Primary Inspection Line (IPIL) system are now available upon request. Data are available by the visitors' state of residence and by province of entry into Canada.

The data provide counts of US residents entering Canada through IPIL ports in automobiles licensed in the United States. A traveller's state of residence is estimated from the licence plate of the automobile used to enter Canada.

The IPIL data exclude the following: those who cross the border using a NEXUS card; those who cross through ports that are not equipped with the IPIL system or whose crossing is recorded only on a paper E-62 Entry Tally; and US travellers in automobiles with Canadian licence plates.

The value of the IPIL leading indicator is that it is produced in close to real time—within 10 days of the reference period. As the IPIL leading indicator data represent only a subset of the total number of US residents entering Canada by automobile, they should not be compared directly with US traveller data in Frontier Counts (Travel between Canada and other countries). They can, however, be used to make comparisons to previous IPIL leading indicator data in order to gain a timely understanding of trends in land border crossings into Canada.

  Note to readers

The number of travellers entering Canada is a key economic indicator of international trade and tourism growth. Most foreign travellers entering the country on any given day are from the United States and use an automobile as their mode of transportation.

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) uses different data sources to collect information on travellers entering the country. The CBSA then provides the data to Statistics Canada, which processes and releases them six weeks after the end of the reference month. One of the CBSA's data sources, the Integrated Primary Inspection Line, yields data in an electronic format that requires less processing. These data account for the largest share of US residents entering Canada by automobile.

Starting with the release of October 2016, data are available in formats that provide more detail on the entries of persons from each American state. Data in these new formats for the months since January 2015 are available upon request.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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