Crude oil and natural gas: Supply and disposition, February 2017
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Canada produced 19.3 million cubic metres (121.4 million barrels) of crude oil and equivalent products in February, up 4.1% from the same month in 2016.
Non-upgraded crude bitumen production increases
Year over year, the production of crude oil and equivalent products continued to rise. The increase was primarily attributable to non-upgraded crude bitumen production (up 13.1% to 7.5 million cubic metres). The monthly production of non-upgraded crude bitumen consisted of mined crude bitumen (6.4 million cubic metres), plus in situ crude bitumen (7.0 million cubic metres), minus crude bitumen sent for further processing (5.9 million cubic metres).
Synthetic crude, up 3.3% to 5.1 million cubic metres, also contributed to the increase in production.
Meanwhile, light and medium crude oil (down 7.9% to 3.6 million cubic metres) and heavy crude oil (down 2.5% to 1.8 million cubic metres) continued to decline.
Production of non-conventional crude oil continues to rise
In February, crude oil production (excluding equivalent products) totalled 18.0 million cubic metres. Non-conventional crude oil production, which consists of non-upgraded crude bitumen and synthetic crude oil, rose 8.9% to 12.6 million cubic metres, marking the sixth consecutive monthly year-over-year increase.
Conventional crude production of light, medium and heavy crude oils decreased 6.2% in February compared with the same month in 2016 to 5.4 million cubic metres.
Alberta produced 15.6 million cubic metres of crude oil and equivalent products, up 5.7% from February 2016 and accounted for 80.9% of Canada's total production. Meanwhile, Saskatchewan produced 2.2 million cubic metres or 11.3% of the national total, while Newfoundland and Labrador produced 1.0 million cubic metres or 5.4% of total Canadian production.
Refinery use of crude oil
In February, input of crude oil to Canadian refineries totalled 7.5 million cubic metres. Conventional crude oil represented 63.6% of the total, while non-conventional crude oil accounted for the remaining 36.4%. Light and medium crude oil (3.9 million cubic metres) and synthetic crude oil (2.4 million cubic metres) were the main types of crude oil used by Canadian refineries.
Exports and imports
Exports of crude oil and equivalent products rose 4.8% in February compared with the same month in 2016 to 15.3 million cubic metres. The vast majority of production (89.2%) was exported via pipelines, while other means such as rail, truck and marine transportation, accounted for the remaining 10.8%. Over the same period, imports to Canadian refineries increased 34.9% to 2.8 million cubic metres.
Closing inventories of crude oil and equivalent products totalled 19.7 million cubic metres in February, split between closing inventories held in pipelines and terminals (12.8 million cubic metres), refineries (4.2 million cubic metres) and fields and plants (2.7 million cubic metres).
Marketable natural gas declines
Canada produced 12.5 billion cubic metres of marketable natural gas in February, down 4.1% from the same month in 2016. Alberta (68.4%) and British Columbia (28.4%) accounted for most of Canadian production.
Total consumption by residential, industrial and commercial users rose 5.6% over the same period.
Exports of natural gas by pipeline to the United States rose 2.1% to 6.9 billion cubic metres and imports were up 74.5% to 2.9 billion cubic metres.
Additional information on natural gas is available in "Natural gas transmission, storage and distribution," published in The Daily on April 24, 2017.
Note to readers
As of the March 2016 reference month, content and methodology changes were made to the Monthly Oil and Other Liquid Petroleum Products Pipeline Survey. For more information, consult the Monthly Oil and Other Liquid Petroleum Products Pipeline Survey.
Data on crude oil and equivalent products, previously found in CANSIM table 126-0001, are now published in CANSIM table 126-0003. While CANSIM table 126-0001 will remain available for reference, users should exercise caution when comparing data with those of the new CANSIM table.
Information on the disposition of crude oil and equivalent products to refineries by province and on exports to the United States by district were discontinued. New data on imports, exports, input to Canadian refineries and inventories were added to CANSIM table 126-0003.
Data from January 2016 to January 2017 have been revised.
Crude oil and equivalent products include heavy, light and medium crude oil, synthetic crude oil, crude bitumen, condensate, and pentanes plus.
Export data are a combination of National Energy Board data and survey data reported by respondents.
Import data include imports of crude oil by refineries and by others.
Total marketable gas includes receipts from fields, gas gathering systems and/or gas plants.
The crude oil and natural gas supply and disposition program uses respondent data as well as administrative data provided by federal, provincial and territorial authorities with regulatory responsibilities within their respective jurisdictions.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).
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