Infographic 2
Trends in the number and proportion of children and seniors in Canada from 1851 to 2061

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Infographic description

The title of the infographic is "Trends in the number and proportion of children and seniors in Canada from 1851 to 2061"

The name of this infographic is "Trends in the number and proportion of children and seniors in Canada from 1851 to 2061."

There are two charts in this infographic.

The title of Chart 1 is "Number of children 14 years and under and number of people aged 65 and older, Canada, 1851 to 2061."

Chart 1 is a line chart.

The red line on the x-axis represent the number of persons aged 0 to 14 and the blue line on the x-axis represent the number of persons aged 65 and older.

The chart shows observed changes in population among these age groups every 10 years from 1851 to 1951, and every 5 years from 1956 to 2016 and projected changes every 10 years from 2021 to 2061.

The observed changes are from census data.

The y-axis shows numbers from 0 to 14 million.

Table 1 title: Number of children 14 years and under and number of people aged 65 and older, Canada, 1851 to 2061

1851: 0 to 14 years: 1,036,755; 65 and older: 57,530 

1861: 0 to 14 years: 1,311,940; 65 and older: 92,000 

1871: 0 to 14 years: 1,462,380; 65 and older: 127,465 

1881: 0 to 14 years: 1,674,750; 65 and older: 178,700 

1891: 0 to 14 years: 1,749,975; 65 and older: 220,210 

1901: 0 to 14 years: 1,846,405; 65 and older: 270,890 

1911: 0 to 14 years: 2,382,950; 65 and older: 335,440 

1921: 0 to 14 years: 3,026,880; 65 and older: 420,120 

1931: 0 to 14 years: 3,282,395; 65 and older: 576,040 

1941: 0 to 14 years: 3,198,550; 65 and older: 767,810 

1951: 0 to 14 years: 4,250,720; 65 and older: 1,086,305 

1956: 0 to 14 years: 5,225,205; 65 and older: 1,243,940 

1961: 0 to 14 years: 6,191,920; 65 and older: 1,391,155 

1966: 0 to 14 years: 6,591,760; 65 and older: 1,539,550 

1971: 0 to 14 years: 6,380,900; 65 and older: 1,744,405 

1976: 0 to 14 years: 5,896,175; 65 and older: 2,002,345 

1981: 0 to 14 years: 5,481,100; 65 and older: 2,360,975 

1986: 0 to 14 years: 5,391,965; 65 and older: 2,697,575 

1991: 0 to 14 years: 5,692,555; 65 and older: 3,169,970 

1996: 0 to 14 years: 5,901,280; 65 and older: 3,527,840 

2001: 0 to 14 years: 5,725,535; 65 and older: 3,888,550 

2006: 0 to 14 years: 5,579,840; 65 and older: 4,335,250 

2011: 0 to 14 years: 5,607,345; 65 and older: 4,945,055 

2016: 0 to 14 years: 5,839,570; 65 and older: 5,935,630 

2021: 0 to 14 years: 6,205,100; 65 and older: 7,097,400 

2031: 0 to 14 years: 6,639,500; 65 and older: 9,539,100 

2041: 0 to 14 years: 6,779,000; 65 and older: 10,737,800 

2051: 0 to 14 years: 7,245,600; 65 and older: 11,693,100 

2061: 0 to 14 years: 7,799,200; 65 and older: 12,818,700 

The title of Chart 2 is "Proportion of children 14 years and under and proportion of people aged 65 and older, Canada, 1851 to 2061."

Chart 2 is a line chart.

The red line on the x-axis represent the proportion of persons aged 0 to 14 and the blue line on the x-axis represent the proportion of persons aged 65 and older.

The chart shows observed changes in population among these age groups every 10 years from 1851 to 1951, and every 5 years from 1956 to 2016 and projected changes every 10 years from 2021 to 2061.

The observed changes are from census data.

The y-axis shows percentages from 0 to 50.

Table 2 title: Proportion of children 14 years and under and proportion of people aged 65 and older, Canada, 1851 to 2061

1851: 0 to 14 years: 44.8; 65 and older: 2.5 

1861: 0 to 14 years: 42.4; 65 and older: 3.0 

1871: 0 to 14 years: 41.7; 65 and older: 3.6 

1881: 0 to 14 years: 38.7; 65 and older: 4.1 

1891: 0 to 14 years: 36.4; 65 and older: 4.6 

1901: 0 to 14 years: 34.5; 65 and older: 5.1 

1911: 0 to 14 years: 33.1; 65 and older: 4.7 

1921: 0 to 14 years: 34.4; 65 and older: 4.8 

1931: 0 to 14 years: 31.6; 65 and older: 5.6 

1941: 0 to 14 years: 27.8; 65 and older: 6.7 

1951: 0 to 14 years: 30.3; 65 and older: 7.8 

1956: 0 to 14 years: 32.5; 65 and older: 7.7 

1961: 0 to 14 years: 34.0; 65 and older: 7.6 

1966: 0 to 14 years: 32.9; 65 and older: 7.7 

1971: 0 to 14 years: 29.6; 65 and older: 8.1 

1976: 0 to 14 years: 25.6; 65 and older: 8.7 

1981: 0 to 14 years: 22.5; 65 and older: 9.7 

1986: 0 to 14 years: 21.3; 65 and older: 10.7 

1991: 0 to 14 years: 20.9; 65 and older: 11.6 

1996: 0 to 14 years: 20.5; 65 and older: 12.2 

2001: 0 to 14 years: 19.1; 65 and older: 13.0 

2006: 0 to 14 years: 17.7; 65 and older: 13.7 

2011: 0 to 14 years: 16.8; 65 and older: 14.8 

2016: 0 to 14 years: 16.6; 65 and older: 16.9 

2021: 0 to 14 years: 16.3; 65 and older: 18.7 

2031: 0 to 14 years: 16.0; 65 and older: 23.1 

2041: 0 to 14 years: 15.3; 65 and older: 24.2 

2051: 0 to 14 years: 15.4; 65 and older: 24.8 

2061: 0 to 14 years: 15.5; 65 and older: 25.5 

Sources:

Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 1851 to 2016.

Data for 2021 to 2061 are population projections from the M1 medium-growth scenario of national projections.

The projection data have as a base population the population estimates based on the 2011 Census, adjusted for net undercoverage.

For more information, see the report Population Projections for Canada (2013 to 2063), Provinces and Territories (2013 to 2038) (Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 91-520-X).

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