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Crude oil and natural gas: Supply and disposition, November 2016

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Released: 2017-02-09

Canada produced 20.7 million cubic metres (130.0 million barrels) of crude oil and equivalent products in November, up 7.7% from the same month in 2015.

Chart 1  Chart 1: Production of crude oil and equivalent products
Production of crude oil and equivalent products

November production at a record level

The production of crude oil and equivalent products reached a record high in November. The increase was mainly attributable to synthetic crude oil production (up 17.5% to 5.8 million cubic metres) and non-upgraded crude bitumen (up 9.8% to 7.7 million cubic metres). Meanwhile, the production of light and medium crude oil (down 3.6% to 3.8 million cubic metres) and heavy crude oil (down 3.3% to 1.9 million cubic metres) continued to decline.

Non-upgraded crude bitumen production consisted of mined crude bitumen (6.9 million cubic metres), plus in situ crude bitumen (7.4 million cubic metres), minus crude bitumen sent for further processing (6.6 million cubic metres).

Chart 2  Chart 2: Production of crude oil and equivalent products by type of product
Production of crude oil and equivalent products by type of product

Production of non-conventional crude oil continues to rise

In November, crude oil production (excluding equivalent products) totalled 19.3 million cubic metres. Non-conventional crude oil production, which consisted of non-upgraded crude bitumen and synthetic crude oil, increased 13.0% to 13.5 million cubic metres.

Conventional crude production of light, medium and heavy crude oils amounted to 5.8 million cubic metres, down 3.5% compared with the same month in 2015. Production of conventional crude oil has been on a slow downward trend for two years.

Chart 3  Chart 3: Production of conventional and non-conventional crude oil
Production of conventional and non-conventional crude oil

Provincial production

Alberta produced 16.7 million cubic metres of crude oil and equivalent products, up 8.6% from November 2015. The province accounted for 80.7% of Canada's total production. In the same month, Saskatchewan produced 2.3 million cubic metres or 11.0% of the total, while Newfoundland and Labrador, at 1.2 million cubic metres, represented 5.7% of total Canadian production.

Refinery use of crude oil

In November, input of crude oil to Canadian refineries totalled 7.7 million cubic metres. Conventional crude oil represented almost two-thirds (65.0%) of the total, while non-conventional crude oil accounted for the remaining (35.0%). Light and medium crude oil (3.8 million cubic metres) and synthetic crude oil (2.4 million cubic metres) were the main types of crude oil used by Canadian refineries.

Exports and imports

Exports of crude oil and equivalent products increased 13.5% from November 2015 to 16.6 million cubic metres, the highest level since January 2016. The vast majority of production (87.2%) was exported via pipelines, while other means such as rail, truck and marine transportation accounted for 12.8% of the total. Imports to Canadian refineries increased 1.2% to 2.8 million cubic metres.

Chart 4  Chart 4: Exports and imports of crude oil and equivalent products
Exports and imports of crude oil and equivalent products


Closing inventories of crude oil and equivalent products reached 19.4 million cubic metres in November. Closing inventories held by pipelines and terminals amounted to 12.3 million cubic metres, those from fields and plants totalled 2.9 million cubic metres and those held at refineries were 4.2 million cubic metres.

Natural gas

Canadian production of marketable natural gas totalled 13.3 billion cubic metres in November.

Additional information on natural gas is available in "Natural gas transmission, storage and distribution," published in The Daily on January 23, 2017.

  Note to readers

As of the March 2016 reference month, content and methodology changes were made to the Monthly Oil and Other Liquid Petroleum Products Pipeline Survey. For more information, consult the Monthly Oil and Other Liquid Petroleum Products Pipeline Survey.

Data on crude oil and equivalent products, previously found in CANSIM table 126-0001, are now published in CANSIM table 126-0003. While CANSIM table 126-0001 will remain available for reference, users should exercise caution when comparing data with those of the new CANSIM table.

Information on the disposition of crude oil and equivalent products to refineries by province and on exports to the United States by district were discontinued. New data on imports, exports, input to Canadian refineries and inventories were added to CANSIM table 126-0003.

Data from January to December 2015 have been revised.

Crude oil and equivalent products include heavy, light and medium crude oil, synthetic crude oil, crude bitumen, condensate, and pentanes plus.

Export data are a combination of National Energy Board data and survey data reported by respondents.

Import data include imports of crude oil by refineries and by others.

Total marketable gas includes receipts from fields, gas gathering systems and/or gas plants.

The crude oil and natural gas supply and disposition program uses respondent data as well as administrative data provided by federal, provincial and territorial authorities with regulatory responsibilities within their respective jurisdictions.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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