Annual Survey of Manufacturing Industries, 2015
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The total revenue of Canadian manufacturers declined 0.9% from 2014 to $657 billion in 2015, while the revenue from goods manufactured decreased 1.3% to $614 billion.
Revenue from goods manufactured accounted for 93% of total revenue. Revenue from financial investments, sales of goods purchased for resale (as is) and business activities other than manufacturing such as wholesaling activities accounted for the $43 billion difference between total revenue and revenue from goods manufactured.
Total expenses decreased 0.7%, mostly due to a 3.6% drop in the cost of materials and supplies, while total salaries and wages increased 4.4%. The cost of materials and supplies accounted for 63% of total expenses, while total salaries and wages represented 14%. The value added of manufacturers increased 2.7% from 2014 to $229 billion in 2015.
Petroleum and coal product manufacturing responsible for the overall decline
Petroleum and coal product manufacturing (down $26 billion or 30.6%) was responsible for the decline in revenue from manufactured goods in 2015. This reflected the 22.3% price decline for petroleum and coal products in the Industrial Producer Price Index. Decreases were also registered in primary metal, machinery, chemical, clothing and textile mills manufacturing.
Excluding petroleum and coal product manufacturing, the revenue from goods manufactured would have increased 3.3%. Transportation equipment (up $12 billion or 10.4%) posted the largest gain, followed by the plastics and rubber products (+7.8%) and food (+2.4%) industries, both of which increased by $2 billion.
Manufacturing industry structure
Among the 21 industries covered by the survey, 4 industries accounted for over half (54%) of the total revenue from goods manufactured: the transportation equipment (21%), food (15%), petroleum and coal product (10%) and chemical (8%) industries. Following the large decline in the petroleum and coal product industry, that industry's share of total manufacturing fell from 14% in 2014 to 10% in 2015. While the transportation equipment industry's share increased from 19% to 21%, the shares of the food and chemical industries were stable.
While the share of each industry's expenses to total manufacturing closely matched their share of revenue from goods manufactured, this was not the case for the shares of salaries and wages. The industries that accounted for the largest shares of total salaries and wages were transportation equipment (15%), food (11%), fabricated metal product (11%) and machinery (10%) manufacturing. From 2014 to 2015, the shares of each industry to the total salaries and wages were stable.
Ontario, Quebec and Alberta account for the majority of revenue from goods manufactured
Three provinces accounted for over 80% of the total revenue from goods manufactured: Ontario with $290 billion (47%), Quebec with $145 billion (24%) and Alberta with $70 billion (11%).
Comparing 2014 with 2015, revenue from goods manufactured declined in Saskatchewan (-14.5%), Alberta (-12.1%), New Brunswick (-10.9%), Newfoundland and Labrador (-9.7%) and Yukon (-4.0%). These declines more than offset gains in the other provinces and territories. The largest percentage gain was in Prince Edward Island (+7.9%).
In Ontario, manufacturing was concentrated in the transportation equipment ($100 billion), food ($33 billion) and chemical ($22 billion) industries. Combined, these three industries accounted for 54% of the $290 billion of revenue from goods manufactured in the province in 2015.
From 2014 to 2015, revenue from goods manufactured rose 1.8%. Every industry posted increases except the petroleum and coal product, primary metal, food, chemical and textile mills industries. The $8 billon or 32.9% decline in the petroleum and coal product industry was more than offset by a $10 billion increase in the transportation equipment (+10.6%) industry, largely due to automobile and light-duty motor vehicle manufacturing. Plastics and rubber products as well as machinery manufacturing each contributed $1 billion to the $5-billion provincial increase.
Unlike Ontario, the manufacturing sector in Quebec was not dominated by a particular industry. In Quebec, the food and the transportation equipment industries each contributed $22 billion to the revenue from goods manufactured, followed by the primary metal ($19 billion) and the petroleum and coal product ($12 billion) industries. Together, these four industries represented almost 52% of the total revenue from goods manufactured in the province.
The manufacturing sector in Quebec rose 0.2% from 2014 to 2015. Although most industries posted gains, they were almost completely offset by declines in the petroleum and coal product (down $4 billion or 26.4%), chemical (down $916 million or 9.5%), primary metal (down $417 million or 2.1%), clothing (down $191 million or 15.7%) and computer and electronic product (down $61 million or 1.9%) industries.
The transportation equipment (up $2.2 billion or 11.1%), food (up $869 million or 4.1%) and wood product (up $762 million or 11.5%) industries posted the most important gains.
On the Prairies, 56% of the revenue from goods manufactured was accounted for by three industries that represented very similar shares of the $102 billion total: the food ($21 billion), chemical ($18 billion) and petroleum and coal product ($17 billion) industries.
The petroleum and coal product (down $10 billion or 35.9%) and machinery (down $3 billion or 24.5%) industries were responsible for the overall 10.2% decline in manufacturing on the Prairies. The decline in the petroleum and coal product industry was the most significant for this industry in Canada. Excluding these two industries, revenue from goods manufactured was up 1.2% or $919 million. While revenue from goods manufactured fell in Saskatchewan (-14.5%) and Alberta (-12.1%), it rose 2.0% in Manitoba.
In British Columbia, three industries accounted for 48% of total revenue from goods manufactured: wood product ($10 billion or 22% of the total), food ($7 billion or 15% of the total) and paper ($5 billion or 11% of the total).
From 2014 to 2015, revenue from goods manufactured in British Columbia rose 0.8% to $45 billion, led by the food industry (up $427 million). While most of the industries in the province posted increases, the six that declined almost completely—led by the petroleum and coal product industry and followed by the wood industry (down $175 million or 1.7%)—offset the gains. Combined, losses from the petroleum and coal product, non-metallic mineral product, chemical, clothing and the fabricated metal product industries brought down the total by $859 million.
In the Atlantic region, the petroleum and coal product and the food industries together accounted for a higher proportion of total revenue from goods manufactured than in any other region. Combined, they accounted for more than half of manufacturing activities in the region.
From 2014 to 2015, revenue from goods manufactured was down in New Brunswick (-10.9%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (-9.7%), with petroleum and coal product manufacturing exerting the strongest downward pressure. Manufacturing activities were up 7.9% in Prince Edward Island, largely as a result of three manufacturing industries: chemical, transportation equipment, and electrical equipment, appliance and components. Nova Scotia posted a 2.5% gain on the strength of the transportation equipment industry.
In the three territories combined, manufacturing activities were mostly concentrated in the chemical and food industries, which together accounted for over one-third of the manufacturing sector in the region.
From 2014 to 2015, revenue from goods manufactured fell 4.0% in Yukon.
Note to readers
Changes in methodology were made to the Annual Survey of Manufacturing and Logging Industries beginning with reference year 2013. Users should therefore use caution when comparing current data with historical data prior to 2013. For more information on the methodology changes, consult the document, Integrated Business Statistics Program, in the Behind the data feature of our website.
Data for 2014 have been revised.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).
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