Industrial product and raw materials price indexes, January 2016
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The Industrial Product Price Index (IPPI) rose 0.5% in January, mainly as a result of higher prices for motorized and recreational vehicles. Lower prices for energy and petroleum products largely moderated the increase in the IPPI. The Raw Materials Price Index (RMPI) declined 0.4%, led by lower prices for crude energy products.
Industrial Product Price Index, monthly change
The IPPI rose 0.5% in January, posting its first increase since July 2015. Among the 21 major commodity groups, 18 were up and 3 were down.
Of the three major commodity groups that declined in January, energy and petroleum products (-7.3%) posted the largest decrease. The decline in this commodity group was mainly due to lower prices for motor gasoline (-8.2%), diesel fuel (-10.3%) and light fuel oils (-8.2%). Motor gasoline prices recorded their largest decline in a year; prices had decreased 12.0% in January 2015. The global supply of crude oil continued to outpace demand, resulting in lower prices for crude oil and refined petroleum products. The IPPI excluding energy and petroleum products increased 1.4%.
Largely moderating the decline in energy and petroleum products were higher prices for motorized and recreational vehicles (+2.7%). Higher prices for passenger cars and light trucks (+2.8%), motor vehicle engines and motor vehicle parts (+1.9%), as well as aircraft (+3.8%) were the main reasons for the increase in motorized and recreational vehicles. Higher prices for motorized and recreational vehicles were closely linked to the depreciation of the Canadian dollar relative to the US dollar.
Also contributing to the increase in the IPPI in January were higher prices for primary non-ferrous metal products (+3.1%), specifically unwrought gold and gold alloys (+5.7%) and unwrought silver and silver alloys (+4.2%). Prices for unwrought gold and gold alloys posted their largest gain in a year, and have increased 7.4% since July 2015.
Prices for meat, fish, and dairy products (+1.6%) rose for the first time since August 2015, recording their largest increase since May 2015. The gain was led by higher prices for fresh and frozen beef and veal (+4.2%) and fresh and frozen pork (+4.2%).
Some IPPI prices are reported in US dollars and are converted to Canadian dollars using the average monthly exchange rate. Consequently, any change in the value of the Canadian dollar relative to the US dollar will affect the level of the index. From December 2015 to January 2016, the Canadian dollar depreciated 3.8% relative to the US dollar. If the exchange rate had remained constant, the IPPI would have decreased 0.4% instead of increasing 0.5%.
Industrial Product Price Index, 12-month change
The IPPI increased 1.7% over the 12-month period ending in January, posting its second consecutive year-over-year gain.
The main reason for the rise in the IPPI was motorized and recreational vehicles (+11.4%), specifically year-over-year increases in the prices for passenger cars and light trucks (+12.6%), motor vehicle engines and motor vehicle parts (+6.9%), as well as aircraft (+17.5%).
Also contributing to the year-over-year increase in the IPPI were higher prices for electrical, electronic, audiovisual and telecommunication products (+6.0%), specifically electronic and electrical parts (+10.0%), and communication and audio and video equipment (+4.8%).
Prices for energy and petroleum products were down 10.7% year over year, largely moderating the gain in the IPPI. Prices for diesel fuel (-20.0%), light fuel oils (-18.6%), heavy fuel oils (-27.4%) were the main reasons for the decline.
Also moderating the increase in the IPPI were year-over-year declines in prices for primary ferrous metal products (-9.6%), led by prices for iron and steel basic shapes (-13.1%), and iron and steel pipe and tube (except castings) (-9.3%).
Raw Materials Price Index, monthly change
The RMPI declined 0.4% in January, after falling 5.2% in December. Of the six major commodity groups, four were up and two were down.
The decline in the RMPI was mainly attributable to lower prices for crude energy products (-4.2%), specifically conventional crude oil (-4.3%). The RMPI excluding crude energy products rose 1.8%, its first increase since May 2015, and its largest gain since July 2014, when oil prices began to decline.
Largely moderating the decline in the RMPI were higher prices for animals and animal products (+3.7%), specifically cattle and calves (+9.3%) and, to a lesser extent, hogs (+4.6%).
To a lesser degree, metal ores, concentrates and scrap (+1.2%) also moderated the decrease in the RMPI.
Raw Materials Price Index, 12-month change
The RMPI declined 7.5% over the 12-month period ending in January.
Lower prices for crude energy products (-11.9%) were largely responsible for the decrease, specifically conventional crude oil (-11.9%). The RMPI excluding crude energy products declined 5.0% from the same month last year.
Prices for animals and animal products (-5.4%) declined year over year for the seventh consecutive month in January, led by lower prices for cattle and calves (-8.6%) and hogs (-12.6%).
Also contributing to the year-over-year decline in the RMPI were lower prices for metal ores, concentrates and scrap (-10.0%).
Note to readers
With each release, data for the previous six months may have been revised. The indexes are not seasonally adjusted.
The Industrial Product Price Index reflects the prices that producers in Canada receive as the goods leave the plant gate. It does not reflect what the consumer pays. Unlike the Consumer Price Index, the IPPI excludes indirect taxes and all the costs that occur between the time a good leaves the plant and the time the final user takes possession of it, including the transportation, wholesale and retail costs.
Canadian producers export many goods. They often indicate their prices in foreign currencies, especially in US dollars, which are then converted into Canadian dollars. In particular, this is the case for motor vehicles, pulp, paper and wood products. Therefore, a rise or fall in the value of the Canadian dollar against its US counterpart affects the IPPI. However, the conversion into Canadian dollars only reflects how respondents provide their prices. This is not a measure that takes the full effect of exchange rates into account.
The conversion of prices received in US dollars is based on the average monthly exchange rate (noon spot rate) established by the Bank of Canada, which is available in CANSIM table 176-0064 (series v37426). Monthly and annual variations in the exchange rate, as described in the release, are calculated according to the indirect quotation of the exchange rate (for example, CAN$1 = US$X).
The Raw Materials Price Index reflects the prices paid by Canadian manufacturers for key raw materials. Many of those prices are set on the world market. However, as few prices are denominated in foreign currencies, their conversion into Canadian dollars has only a minor effect on the calculation of the RMPI.
Real-time CANSIM tables
The industrial product and raw materials price indexes for February will be released on March 29.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).
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