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Canada's population estimates, third quarter 2015

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Released: 2015-12-16

Quarterly population estimate


October 1, 2015


(quarterly change)

Canada's population stays below the 36-million mark

According to preliminary estimates, Canada's population was estimated at 35,985,800 on October 1, 2015, up 134,000 from July 1, 2015. Canada's population growth rate was 0.4% in the third quarter, similar to the rate observed for this quarter in 2014.

International migration is the main source of population growth

Natural increase was 41,000 in the third quarter—the difference between 103,800 births and 62,800 deaths, based on preliminary estimates. During the same period, net international migration was 93,000, down 3.6% from the same quarter of 2014 (+96,400) and accounted for 69.4% of population growth in the country during the third quarter.

Population growth declines in Yukon, and slows down in Nunavut and Alberta

Population growth in the third quarter was higher than the national average (+0.4%) in Saskatchewan (+0.5%) and Alberta (+0.5%). Compared with the same quarter in 2014, population growth in the third quarter declined in Yukon (from +0.4% to -0.4%), and slowed in Nunavut (from +0.5% to +0.3%) and Alberta (from +0.6% to +0.5%).

  Note to readers

Estimates released today are based on 2011 Census counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves to which are added the estimated demographic growth for the period from May 10, 2011 to September 30, 2015.

These estimates are not to be confused with the 2011 Census population counts that were released on February 8, 2012.

For the purpose of calculating rates, the denominator is the average population (namely, the average of the start-of-period and end-of-period populations) during the period. These are quarterly rates. To lighten the text, the terms "growth," "population growth," "population growth rate" mean the same thing, namely a quarterly population growth rate.


The third quarter 2015 issue of Quarterly Demographic Estimates, Vol. 29, no. 3 (Catalogue number91-002-X), is now available from the Browse by key resource module of our website under Publications.

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