Police-reported crime for selected offences, Canada
|Number – 2014||Rate – 2014||% change in rate – 2013 to 2014||% change in rate – 2004 to 2014|
|Total, all violations||2,052,191||5,774||-3||-31|
|Total Criminal Code (excluding traffic) – "crime rate"||1,793,534||5,046||-3||-34|
|Violent crime, total||369,359||1,039||-5||-26|
|Other violations causing death1||90||0||-37||-41|
|Sexual assault – level 3 – aggravated||105||0||-22||-50|
|Sexual assault – level 2 – weapon or bodily harm||319||1||-14||-28|
|Sexual assault – level 1||20,311||57||-3||-19|
|Sexual violations against children2||4,452||13||6||...|
|Assault – level 3 – aggravated||3,242||9||-1||7|
|Assault – level 2 – weapon or bodily harm||44,788||126||-4||-14|
|Assault – level 1||153,352||431||-4||-25|
|Assault peace officer||9,450||27||-5||-7|
|Firearms – use of, discharge, pointing||1,828||5||-4||-26|
|Forcible confinement or kidnapping||3,266||9||0||-15|
|Threatening or harassing phone calls||14,375||40||-14||-49|
|Other violent Criminal Code violations||4,484||13||-5||-1|
|Property crime, total||1,100,403||3,096||-2||-40|
|Breaking and entering||151,921||427||-4||-51|
|Possess stolen property||17,143||48||0||-57|
|Theft of motor vehicle||73,964||208||1||-61|
|Theft over $5,000 (non-motor vehicle)||14,258||40||-2||-24|
|Theft of $5,000 or under (non-motor vehicle)||474,879||1,336||-1||-37|
|Fraud (excluding identity fraud)||82,049||231||2||-24|
|Other Criminal Code offences, total||323,772||911||-5||-15|
|Disturbing the peace||103,266||291||-7||-21|
|Administration of justice violations||171,897||484||-4||-7|
|Criminal Code traffic violations||129,505||364||-6||-4|
|Other Criminal Code traffic violations||54,724||154||-7||20|
|Drug offences, total||103,757||292||-6||-4|
|Possession – cannabis||57,314||161||-4||7|
|Possession – cocaine||7,596||21||-3||-17|
|Possession – methamphetamines6||4,720||13||38||...|
|Possession – heroin||1,242||3||34||140|
|Possession – methylenedioxyamphetamine6||368||1||28||...|
|Possession – other drugs6||6,660||19||1||...|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – cannabis||10,696||30||-25||-52|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – cocaine||8,502||24||-12||-13|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – methamphetamines6||1,528||4||17||...|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – heroin||714||2||12||93|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – methylenedioxyamphetamine6||160||0||-2||...|
|Trafficking, production or distribution – other drugs6||4,257||12||-18||...|
|Other federal statute violations, total||25,395||71||-9||-33|
|Youth Criminal Justice Act||7,969||22||-16||-60|
|Other federal statutes||17,426||49||-5||-2|
Police-reported statistics may be affected by differences in the way police services deal with offences. In some instances, police or municipalities might choose to deal with some offences using municipal by-laws or provincial provisions rather than Criminal Code provisions. Counts are based on the most serious violation in the incident. One incident may involve multiple violations. Data for specific types of crime are available, in most cases, from 1977. Rates are calculated on the basis of 100,000 population. Percentage changes are based on unrounded rates. Populations are based on Statistics Canada's July 1 estimates.
CANSIM table 252-0051.
The decrease in "other violations causing death" from 2013 to 2014 was partly attributable to fewer incidents of criminal negligence, which were specific to the Lac-Mégantic rail disaster in 2013.
Sexual violations against children is a relatively new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2010; therefore, the percentage change from 2004 to 2014 is not shown.
A notable portion of the decrease in "other assaults" in 2014 is attributable to a change in the Toronto Police Service's records management system whereby incidents previously reported as other assaults are now being reported as common assaults.
On December 20, 2013, the Supreme Court of Canada found laws surrounding prostitution to be unconstitutional, and gave Parliament 12 months to review and rewrite legislation. As a result of this, a large number of incidents of prostitution were no longer being reported, leading to a large decrease in the number of prostitution incidents in 2014. New legislation came into force on December 6, 2014; therefore, comparisons with previous years should be made with caution.
Includes seven new terrorism violations that were introduced mid-year 2013, as a result of the enactment of Bill S-7 (An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the Canada Evidence Act and the Security of Information Act). Therefore, comparisons with previous years should be made with caution. Terrorism is a relatively new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2010; therefore, the percentage change from 2004 to 2014 is not shown.
In April 2008, the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey began counting violations involving methamphetamines (such as crystal meth) and methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) (such as ecstasy) under their own unique violation codes. Prior to this, violations involving methamphetamines and MDA were counted within the category of "other drugs." Therefore, the percentage changes from 2004 to 2014 for violations involving methamphetamines, MDA or "other drugs" are not shown.
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