Study: Global production arrangements in Canada, 2009 and 2012
View the most recent version.
Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.
The increased pace of globalization has brought about many structural changes in both the Canadian and world economies. One important change has been the increased prevalence of global value chains, which see the production processes of a given enterprise spread across many countries. In this study, results of the 2009 and 2012 Survey of Innovation and Business Strategy were used to analyze the prevalence of various global production arrangements in Canada.
Merchanting sales, which occur when a company purchases and subsequently sells a good abroad without it ever entering the company's resident economy, represented 2.0% of total economy wide sales in 2012 and 1.9% of those in 2009. Factoryless goods production, which occurs when a company outsources its entire production process abroad, but maintains ownership of the product's intellectual property, accounted for 1.5% of profits and 0.4% of assets in the total economy in 2012.
The System of macroeconomic accounts module, accessible from the Browse by key resource module of our website, features an up-to-date portrait of national and provincial economies and their structure.
The article "Global Production Arrangements in Canada – Initial Evidence from the Survey of Innovation and Business Strategy" is now available as part of the Income and Expenditure Accounts Technical Series (Catalogue number13-604-M) from the Browse by key resource module of our website under Publications.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; email@example.com) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; firstname.lastname@example.org).