Farm cash receipts

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First quarter 2011 (Previous release)

Farm cash receipts for Canadian farmers totalled a record high of $12.1 billion during the first quarter, an 8.8% increase from the first quarter of 2010. This follows a 7.5% decline between the first quarters of 2009 and 2010.

Farm cash receipts, which include crop and livestock revenues plus program payments, increased in every province except Manitoba (-4.0%) and British Columbia (-2.2%). Quebec, Prince Edward Island and Ontario all recorded double-digit increases in receipts.

Market receipts from the sale of crops and livestock amounted to $11.3 billion, up 8.6% from the first quarter of 2010.

Crop receipts rose 9.7% to $6.4 billion, while livestock receipts were up 7.3% to $5.0 billion.

The $562 million increase in crop receipts was due primarily to higher prices for most major grains and oilseeds. These more than compensated for reduced marketings.

Crop prices have recently shown signs of strength after declining from the highs reached in 2008. The International Grains Council reported that global carryover grain stocks are set to fall to their lowest level in three years. In addition, estimates for oilseed stocks continued to tighten, fuelled by growing demand from emerging economies and for biofuels.

Canola, corn, and wheat (excluding durum) contributed significantly to the increase in receipts, with the weighted average price of each rising more than 30% between the first quarters of 2010 and 2011. Rising dry pea receipts were also a factor, due to both strong prices and increased marketings.

On the other hand, lentil receipts fell as both prices and marketings declined. Producers also had fewer deferred grain receipts to liquidate in the first quarter, due to lower crop receipts last year.

On the livestock side, cattle and calf receipts rose 9.5% to $1.6 billion, while hog receipts increased 10.8% to $926 million. Rising prices were again the reason, with weighted average prices up 26.5% for cattle and calves and up 14.6% for hogs, compared with the first quarter of 2010.

The price increases more than offset declines in the domestic slaughter of both cattle and hogs, and in international exports of cattle. Reduced on-farm inventories limited the supply of market animals.

Over the last few years, livestock producers have been affected by the US Country of Origin Labeling legislation, lower demand attributable to the recent economic slowdown and higher feed grain costs. By the end of 2010, the number of cattle on Canadian farms had declined to its lowest level since January 1995. Hog inventories recorded their first increase on a year-over-year basis since 2006.

In the supply-managed sector (dairy, poultry and eggs), farm cash receipts from the first quarter rose 4.3% over the same period in 2010, mainly as a result of increases in prices. Supply-managed commodities accounted for about 44% of total livestock receipts.

Program payments amounted to $787 million in the first quarter, up 11.3% from the same quarter in 2010. This follows a 16.7% decline between the first quarters of 2009 and 2010, and a 42.4% drop between the first quarters of 2008 and 2009.

Note: All data are in current dollars. Farm cash receipts measure gross revenue for farm businesses. They do not represent their bottom line, as farmers have to pay their expenses and loans, and cover depreciation.

Preliminary information on net farm income for 2010 is available in today's "Farm income" release. Farm cash receipts data for the first half of 2011 will be released on August 24.

Available on CANSIM: tables 002-0001 and 002-0002.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey numbers, including related surveys, 3437 and 3473.

Additional data tables are available from the Summary tables module of our website.

The May 2011 issue of the publications Farm Cash Receipts: Agriculture Economic Statistics, Vol. 10, no. 1 (21-011-X, free), Net Farm Income: Agriculture Economic Statistics, Vol. 10, no. 1 (21-010-X, free), Farm Operating Expenses and Depreciation Charges: Agriculture Economic Statistics, Vol. 10, no. 1 (21-012-X, free), Value of Farm Capital: Agriculture Economic Statistics, Vol. 10, no. 1 (21-013-X, free), Farm Debt Outstanding: Agriculture Economic Statistics, Vol. 10, no. 1 (21-014-X, free), Direct Payments to Agriculture Producers: Agriculture Economic Statistics, Vol. 9, no. 2 (21-015-X, free), and Agriculture Value Added Account: Agriculture Economic Statistics, Vol. 10, no. 1 (21-017-X, free), are now available online. From the Key resource module of our website, under Publications, choose All subjects, then Agriculture.

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Stephen Boyd (613-951-1875; or Gail-Ann Breese (204-983-3445;, Agriculture Division.