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Gross domestic product by industry

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July 2010 (Previous release)

Real gross domestic product edged down 0.1% in July, the first monthly decline since August 2009. Manufacturing, retail and wholesale trade, construction and forestry all posted decreases. Increases were recorded in the mining sector and, to a lesser extent, in some financial industries and the public sector.

Real gross domestic product edges down in July

Manufacturing falls

Manufacturing decreased 0.7% in July, with 11 of the 21 major groups retreating. Manufacturers of non-durable goods reduced their production by 0.9%, in particular those of pharmaceutical and paper products. Manufacturing of durable goods decreased by 0.5%, notably of furniture, metallic and non-metallic products. Increases in the production of food and beverages and motor vehicle parts tempered the decrease in the manufacturing sector.

Note to readers

The monthly gross domestic product (GDP) by industry data at basic prices are chained volume estimates with 2002 as their reference year. This means that the data for each industry and aggregate are obtained from a chained volume index multiplied by the industry's value added in 2002. For the 1997 to 2007 period, the monthly data are benchmarked to annually chained Fisher volume indexes of GDP obtained from the constant-price input-output tables.

For the period starting with January 2008, the data are derived by chaining a fixed-weight Laspeyres volume index to the prior period. The fixed weights are the industry output and input prices of 2007. This makes the monthly GDP by industry data more comparable with the expenditure-based GDP data, chained quarterly.

Revisions

With this release of monthly GDP by industry, the data incorporate the revised 2006 and the new 2007 input-output annual benchmarks, revised source data (such as, for the manufacturing sector, the use of the industrial product price indexes based on a 2002 basket of products) and improved methodologies. As a result, the monthly series have been revised back to January 2005.

For more information about monthly GDP by industry, see the National economic accounts module on our website (www.statcan.gc.ca/nea-cen/index-eng.htm).

Construction and real estate transactions decline

Construction declined 0.5% as residential building construction fell 2.0%. The construction of single dwellings was particularly weak. Non-residential building construction and engineering and repair work were up.

The home resale market fell significantly for a third consecutive month, which led to an 8.0% decrease in the output of real estate agents and brokers. The output of this industry stood at about two-thirds of its level recorded at the beginning of 2010.

Retail and wholesale trade retreat

Retail trade fell 0.5% in July, following a 0.7% gain in June. Decreases were recorded in furniture, home furnishings and electronics stores as well as in building and outdoor home supplies stores. This mirrored the weakness in residential construction and in the home resale market. Increases in general merchandise stores (which include department stores), clothing stores and car dealers tempered the declines.

Wholesale trade edged down 0.2%. Wholesaling of automotive products, building materials and personal and household goods declined. On the other hand, the wholesaling of food and petroleum products increased.

The mining sector increases

The mining sector rose 1.1% in July after receding in June. Metal ore production increased significantly as some producers in the copper, nickel, lead and zinc mines industry boosted their output following the end of labour disputes. Support activities for mining, oil and gas extraction (+2.7%) were up also. The production of natural gas advanced in the month, while oil extraction declined.

The finance and insurance sector edges up

The finance and insurance sector grew 0.1% in July. This gain was attributable to an increase in personal loans, residential mortgages and in mutual funds sales. Conversely, lower volume of trading on the stock exchanges and in the activities of the insurance industry were offsetting factors.

Other sectors

Forestry and logging receded by 4.6% in July following a double-digit increase in June. Utilities declined 0.4%. Food services decreased for a fourth consecutive month.

Main industrial sectors' contribution to the percent change in gross domestic product, July 2010

Available on CANSIM: table 379-0027.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 1301.

The July 2010 issue of Gross Domestic Product by Industry, Vol. 24, no. 7 (15-001-X, free), is now available from the Key resource module of our website under Publications.

Data on gross domestic product by industry for August will be released on October 29.

For more information, or to order data, contact the dissemination agent (toll-free 1-800-887-4623; 613-951-4623; iad-info-dci@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Bernard Lefrançois (613-951-3622), Industry Accounts Division.

Table 1

Monthly gross domestic product by industry at basic prices in chained (2002) dollars
  February 2010r March 2010r April 2010r May 2010r June 2010r July 2010p July 2010 July 2009 to July 2010
  Seasonally adjusted
  month-to-month % change millions of dollars¹ % change
All industries 0.3  0.5  0.0  0.1  0.2  -0.1  1,232,469 3.7 
Goods-producing industries 0.7  0.8  0.4  0.8  0.5  -0.1  348,893 7.4 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 0.9 -0.0 0.4 0.9 2.1 -0.3 27,011 3.8
Mining and oil and gas extraction 1.9 0.7 1.5 2.4 -0.5 1.1 55,088 11.1
Utilities -0.0 -1.5 -1.0 -0.3 1.5 -0.4 29,733 1.7
Construction -0.2 0.8 0.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.5 72,047 5.7
Manufacturing 0.6 1.6 -0.2 0.6 1.1 -0.7 160,784 7.6
Services-producing industries 0.1  0.4  -0.2  -0.2  0.1  -0.1  887,745 2.2 
Wholesale trade -2.0 1.1 0.1 -0.7 -1.4 -0.2 69,829 4.8
Retail trade 0.7 2.1 -2.3 -0.2 0.7 -0.5 75,987 3.0
Transportation and warehousing 0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.4 0.6 0.1 58,963 5.7
Information and cultural industries 0.7 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.6 0.4 45,674 1.1
Finance, insurance and real estate -0.1 0.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.0 256,257 1.7
Professional, scientific and technical services 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.1 60,605 0.4
Administrative and waste management services 0.5 0.2 0.3 -0.1 1.0 0.5 30,704 2.9
Education services 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 62,498 2.0
Health care and social assistance 0.0 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.0 82,392 1.6
Arts, entertainment and recreation 6.0 -5.1 -1.1 -0.9 2.0 0.2 11,241 1.5
Accommodation and food services 2.4 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.2 -0.7 27,141 2.1
Other services (except public administration) -0.3 0.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.9 -0.7 32,252 1.2
Public administration -0.0 -0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.0 0.1 74,380 2.1
Other aggregations                
Industrial production 1.0 0.9 0.3 1.1 0.6 -0.0 249,838 8.2
Non-durable manufacturing industries 0.8 0.7 -0.6 0.9 0.2 -0.9 66,068 4.0
Durable manufacturing industries 0.5 2.3 0.2 0.3 1.8 -0.5 94,621 10.6
Business sector industries 0.3 0.6 -0.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1 1,023,377 4.2
Non-business sector industries 0.1 -0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 209,220 1.7
Information and communication technologies industries -0.1 0.7 0.2 -0.2 0.6 0.5 60,119 2.8
Energy sector 1.1 -0.4 0.9 1.4 0.6 -0.6 82,946 5.8
revised
preliminary
Millions of chained (2002) dollars, seasonally adjusted at annual rates.