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Consumer Price Index

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July 2010 (Previous release)

Consumer prices rose 1.8% in the 12 months to July, following a 1.0% increase in June. In July, consumer prices were affected by changes in consumption taxes in Nova Scotia, Ontario, and British Columbia.

 The 12-month change in the CPI and the CPI excluding energy

Energy prices rose 7.9% between July 2009 and July 2010, following a 1.3% increase during the 12-month period to June. Excluding energy, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was up 1.3% in July, after posting a 0.9% increase in June.

Within the energy price index, prices for electricity rose 9.8% in July compared with the same month a year earlier.

As well, gasoline prices were 4.8% higher in July than they were a year earlier. This followed a 2.9% decline in the 12 months to June.

 Evolution of the energy price index since July 2007

Higher consumer prices were also recorded in July for homeowner's replacement costs (+5.5%), passenger vehicle insurance premiums (+5.1%), and prices for food purchased from restaurants (+2.8%).

Seasonally adjusted monthly CPI increases

On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, consumer prices rose 0.6% in July, following a 0.2% decline in June. The alcoholic beverages and tobacco products index was up 1.7%, while the health and personal care index rose 1.0%. Also, the shelter index increased 0.8%.

12-month change: Seven of the eight CPI major components rise

Prices increased in seven of the eight major components of the CPI in the 12 months to July; the only exception was clothing and footwear.

 Of the eight major Consumer Price Index components, seven register higher price increases in July

Shelter costs rose 2.9% in July after increasing 1.6% in June. In addition to paying higher prices for electricity and homeowner's replacement costs, consumers also paid more for natural gas.

The mortgage interest cost index, which measures the change in the interest portion of payments on outstanding mortgage debt, declined 4.2% in July, following a 5.0% decrease in June.

Transportation costs went up 2.7% in the 12 months to July after rising 1.0% in June. As well as paying higher prices for gasoline and passenger vehicle insurance premiums, consumers paid 1.7% more for the purchase of passenger vehicles in July.

Prices in the household operations, furnishings and equipment component were up 2.0% in July compared with the same month last year. This increase followed a 1.2% rise in June.

Food prices advanced 1.1%, after increasing 0.7% in June. In July, higher prices were recorded for both food purchased from restaurants and food purchased from stores. Prices rose for non-alcoholic beverages, sugar and confectionary, and dairy products and eggs, while prices for fresh fruit and fresh vegetables fell.

In the health and personal care component, prices rose 2.8% after increasing 1.7% during the 12-month period to June. Prices for personal care services and health care services were up.

Prices in the recreation, education and reading component rose 0.8%, following a 0.4% increase in June. Consumers paid more for cablevision and satellite services as well as for the use of recreational facilities and services. However, prices for home entertainment equipment, parts and services and computer equipment and supplies fell.

Consumers paid 2.7% less for clothing and footwear in July than a year earlier. Lower prices were recorded for women's, children's, and men's clothing.

The provinces

Consumer prices rose in all provinces, except Manitoba, in the 12 months to July.

 Ontario records the largest year-over-year increase of all provinces in July

On July 1, 2010, the Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) came into effect in Ontario and British Columbia. As well, Nova Scotia increased its HST by two percentage points.

The largest year-over-year change occurred in Ontario, where consumer prices rose 2.9% after increasing 1.6% in June. Prices for gasoline, electricity, and passenger vehicle insurance premiums went up. Ontario consumers also paid more for homeowner's replacement costs.

Consumer prices advanced 2.0% in British Columbia during the 12-month period to July after a 0.5% increase in June. In July, electricity prices rose 36.7% and prices for food purchased from restaurants increased 7.5%. The year-over-year increase in electricity prices in British Columbia was the result of relatively lower prices in the same month last year due to rebates provided to consumers. As well, prices at the pump and homeowner's replacement costs went up.

Prices in Nova Scotia increased 1.7% in the 12 months to July. Higher prices were recorded for food purchased from restaurants, gasoline, the purchase of passenger vehicles, and cablevision and satellite services.

In Manitoba, prices declined 0.3% in the 12 months to July, following a 0.2% decrease in June. Lower prices for gasoline, natural gas and home and mortgage insurance were recorded in this province.

12-month change in the Bank of Canada's core index

The Bank of Canada's core index advanced 1.6% in the 12 months to July, following a 1.7% rise in June.

The seasonally adjusted monthly core index rose 0.1% in July, matching the increase in June.

The measure of the Bank of Canada's core index excludes from the all-items CPI the effect of changes in indirect taxes, including consumption taxes such as the HST, and eight of the most volatile components identified by the Bank of Canada.

For a more detailed analysis, consult the publication The Consumer Price Index.

Available on CANSIM: tables 326-0009, 326-0012, 326-0015 and 326-0020 to 326-0022.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 2301.

More information about the concepts and use of the CPI are also available online in Your Guide to The Consumer Price Index (62-557-X, free) from the Key resource module of our website under Publications.

The July 2010 issue of The Consumer Price Index, Vol. 89, no. 7 (62-001-X, free), is now available from the Key resource module of our website under Publications. A paper copy is also available ($12/$111). A more detailed analysis of the CPI is available in this publication. See How to order products.

The August Consumer Price Index will be released on September 21.

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact the Dissemination Unit (toll-free 1-866-230-2248; 613-951-9606; fax: 613-951-2848; cpd-info-dpc@statcan.gc.ca), Consumer Prices Division.

Table 1

Consumer Price Index and major components, Canada
  Relative importance1 July 2009 June 2010 July 2010 June to July 2010 July 2009 to July 2010
    Not seasonally adjusted
    (2002=100) % change
All-items 100.002 114.7 116.2 116.8 0.5 1.8
Food 17.04 122.3 123.0 123.7 0.6 1.1
Shelter 26.62 120.8 123.3 124.3 0.8 2.9
Household operations, furnishings and equipment 11.10 107.1 108.6 109.2 0.6 2.0
Clothing and footwear 5.36 91.3 89.7 88.8 -1.0 -2.7
Transportation 19.88 114.3 117.3 117.4 0.1 2.7
Health and personal care 4.73 112.5 114.7 115.6 0.8 2.8
Recreation, education and reading 12.20 104.3 104.2 105.1 0.9 0.8
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco products 3.07 131.5 132.2 134.5 1.7 2.3
Special aggregates            
Core CPI3 82.71 113.7 115.6 115.5 -0.1 1.6
All-items excluding energy 90.62 113.5 114.6 115.0 0.3 1.3
Energy 9.38 129.6 135.7 139.8 3.0 7.9
Gasoline 4.92 141.0 142.8 147.8 3.5 4.8
All-items excluding food and energy 73.57 111.5 112.7 113.0 0.3 1.3
Goods 48.78 107.7 108.7 109.1 0.4 1.3
Services 51.22 121.6 123.6 124.5 0.7 2.4
2005 CPI basket weights at April 2007 prices, Canada, effective May 2007. Detailed weights are available under the Documentation section of survey 2301 (www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/index-eng.htm).
Figures may not add up to 100% as a result of rounding.
The measure of core Consumer Price Index (CPI) excludes from the all-items CPI the effect of changes in indirect taxes and eight of the most volatile components identified by the Bank of Canada: fruit, fruit preparations and nuts; vegetables and vegetable preparations; mortgage interest cost; natural gas; fuel oil and other fuel; gasoline; inter-city transportation; and tobacco products and smokers' supplies. For additional information on the core CPI, consult the Bank of Canada website (http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/inflation/index.htm).

Table 2

Consumer Price Index by province, and for Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit
  Relative importance1 July 2009 June 2010 July 2010 June to July 2010 July 2009 to July 2010
    Not seasonally adjusted
    (2002=100) % change
Canada 100.002 114.7 116.2 116.8 0.5 1.8
Newfoundland and Labrador 1.27 115.2 117.2 117.6 0.3 2.1
Prince Edward Island 0.35 118.4 119.2 119.5 0.3 0.9
Nova Scotia 2.56 116.6 117.3 118.6 1.1 1.7
New Brunswick 1.97 114.4 115.7 115.9 0.2 1.3
Quebec 21.05 113.8 114.8 114.5 -0.3 0.6
Ontario 41.22 113.7 116.0 117.0 0.9 2.9
Manitoba 3.06 115.0 114.9 114.7 -0.2 -0.3
Saskatchewan 2.64 118.0 118.6 118.5 -0.1 0.4
Alberta 11.43 121.5 122.7 123.3 0.5 1.5
British Columbia 14.29 112.4 113.4 114.6 1.1 2.0
Whitehorse 0.06 114.4 115.1 115.1 0.0 0.6
Yellowknife 0.08 116.5 118.4 118.0 -0.3 1.3
Iqaluit (Dec. 2002=100) 0.02 113.3 112.9 112.1 -0.7 -1.1
2005 CPI basket weights at April 2007 prices, Canada, effective May 2007. Detailed weights are available under the Documentation section of survey 2301 (www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/index-eng.htm).
Figures may not add up to 100% as a result of rounding.

Table 3

Consumer Price Index and major components
  Relative importance1 May 2010 June 2010 July 2010 May to June 2010 June to July 2010
    Seasonally adjusted
    (2002=100) % change
All-items 100.002 115.7 115.5 116.2 -0.2 0.6
Food 17.04 122.5 122.4 123.2 -0.1 0.7
Shelter 26.62 123.0 123.3 124.3 0.2 0.8
Household operations, furnishings and equipment 11.10 108.4 108.6 109.4 0.2 0.7
Clothing and footwear 5.36 92.3 91.5 90.6 -0.9 -1.0
Transportation 19.88 118.1 117.3 117.4 -0.7 0.1
Health and personal care 4.73 114.3 114.5 115.6 0.2 1.0
Recreation, education and reading 12.20 103.0 103.6 104.0 0.6 0.4
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco products 3.07 132.1 132.2 134.5 0.1 1.7
Special aggregates            
Core CPI3 82.71 115.4 115.5 115.6 0.1 0.1
All-items excluding food and energy 73.57 112.5 112.6 113.0 0.1 0.4
2005 CPI basket weights at April 2007 prices, Canada, effective May 2007. Detailed weights are available under the Documentation section of survey 2301 (www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/index-eng.htm).
Figures may not add up to 100% as a result of rounding.
The measure of core Consumer Price Index (CPI) excludes from the all-items CPI the effect of changes in indirect taxes and eight of the most volatile components identified by the Bank of Canada: fruit, fruit preparations and nuts; vegetables and vegetable preparations; mortgage interest cost; natural gas; fuel oil and other fuel; gasoline; inter-city transportation; and tobacco products and smokers' supplies. For additional information on the core CPI, consult the Bank of Canada website (http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/inflation/index.htm).
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Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Consumer Price Index

Related subjects

July 2010 (Previous release)

Consumer prices rose 1.8% in the 12 months to July, following a 1.0% increase in June. In July, consumer prices were affected by changes in consumption taxes in Nova Scotia, Ontario, and British Columbia.

 The 12-month change in the CPI and the CPI excluding energy

Energy prices rose 7.9% between July 2009 and July 2010, following a 1.3% increase during the 12-month period to June. Excluding energy, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) was up 1.3% in July, after posting a 0.9% increase in June.

Within the energy price index, prices for electricity rose 9.8% in July compared with the same month a year earlier.

As well, gasoline prices were 4.8% higher in July than they were a year earlier. This followed a 2.9% decline in the 12 months to June.

 Evolution of the energy price index since July 2007

Higher consumer prices were also recorded in July for homeowner's replacement costs (+5.5%), passenger vehicle insurance premiums (+5.1%), and prices for food purchased from restaurants (+2.8%).

Seasonally adjusted monthly CPI increases

On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, consumer prices rose 0.6% in July, following a 0.2% decline in June. The alcoholic beverages and tobacco products index was up 1.7%, while the health and personal care index rose 1.0%. Also, the shelter index increased 0.8%.

12-month change: Seven of the eight CPI major components rise

Prices increased in seven of the eight major components of the CPI in the 12 months to July; the only exception was clothing and footwear.

 Of the eight major Consumer Price Index components, seven register higher price increases in July

Shelter costs rose 2.9% in July after increasing 1.6% in June. In addition to paying higher prices for electricity and homeowner's replacement costs, consumers also paid more for natural gas.

The mortgage interest cost index, which measures the change in the interest portion of payments on outstanding mortgage debt, declined 4.2% in July, following a 5.0% decrease in June.

Transportation costs went up 2.7% in the 12 months to July after rising 1.0% in June. As well as paying higher prices for gasoline and passenger vehicle insurance premiums, consumers paid 1.7% more for the purchase of passenger vehicles in July.

Prices in the household operations, furnishings and equipment component were up 2.0% in July compared with the same month last year. This increase followed a 1.2% rise in June.

Food prices advanced 1.1%, after increasing 0.7% in June. In July, higher prices were recorded for both food purchased from restaurants and food purchased from stores. Prices rose for non-alcoholic beverages, sugar and confectionary, and dairy products and eggs, while prices for fresh fruit and fresh vegetables fell.

In the health and personal care component, prices rose 2.8% after increasing 1.7% during the 12-month period to June. Prices for personal care services and health care services were up.

Prices in the recreation, education and reading component rose 0.8%, following a 0.4% increase in June. Consumers paid more for cablevision and satellite services as well as for the use of recreational facilities and services. However, prices for home entertainment equipment, parts and services and computer equipment and supplies fell.

Consumers paid 2.7% less for clothing and footwear in July than a year earlier. Lower prices were recorded for women's, children's, and men's clothing.

The provinces

Consumer prices rose in all provinces, except Manitoba, in the 12 months to July.

 Ontario records the largest year-over-year increase of all provinces in July

On July 1, 2010, the Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) came into effect in Ontario and British Columbia. As well, Nova Scotia increased its HST by two percentage points.

The largest year-over-year change occurred in Ontario, where consumer prices rose 2.9% after increasing 1.6% in June. Prices for gasoline, electricity, and passenger vehicle insurance premiums went up. Ontario consumers also paid more for homeowner's replacement costs.

Consumer prices advanced 2.0% in British Columbia during the 12-month period to July after a 0.5% increase in June. In July, electricity prices rose 36.7% and prices for food purchased from restaurants increased 7.5%. The year-over-year increase in electricity prices in British Columbia was the result of relatively lower prices in the same month last year due to rebates provided to consumers. As well, prices at the pump and homeowner's replacement costs went up.

Prices in Nova Scotia increased 1.7% in the 12 months to July. Higher prices were recorded for food purchased from restaurants, gasoline, the purchase of passenger vehicles, and cablevision and satellite services.

In Manitoba, prices declined 0.3% in the 12 months to July, following a 0.2% decrease in June. Lower prices for gasoline, natural gas and home and mortgage insurance were recorded in this province.

12-month change in the Bank of Canada's core index

The Bank of Canada's core index advanced 1.6% in the 12 months to July, following a 1.7% rise in June.

The seasonally adjusted monthly core index rose 0.1% in July, matching the increase in June.

The measure of the Bank of Canada's core index excludes from the all-items CPI the effect of changes in indirect taxes, including consumption taxes such as the HST, and eight of the most volatile components identified by the Bank of Canada.

For a more detailed analysis, consult the publication The Consumer Price Index.

Available on CANSIM: tables 326-0009, 326-0012, 326-0015 and 326-0020 to 326-0022.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 2301.

More information about the concepts and use of the CPI are also available online in Your Guide to The Consumer Price Index (62-557-X, free) from the Key resource module of our website under Publications.

The July 2010 issue of The Consumer Price Index, Vol. 89, no. 7 (62-001-X, free), is now available from the Key resource module of our website under Publications. A paper copy is also available ($12/$111). A more detailed analysis of the CPI is available in this publication. See How to order products.

The August Consumer Price Index will be released on September 21.

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact the Dissemination Unit (toll-free 1-866-230-2248; 613-951-9606; fax: 613-951-2848; cpd-info-dpc@statcan.gc.ca), Consumer Prices Division.

Table 1

Consumer Price Index and major components, Canada
  Relative importance1 July 2009 June 2010 July 2010 June to July 2010 July 2009 to July 2010
    Not seasonally adjusted
    (2002=100) % change
All-items 100.002 114.7 116.2 116.8 0.5 1.8
Food 17.04 122.3 123.0 123.7 0.6 1.1
Shelter 26.62 120.8 123.3 124.3 0.8 2.9
Household operations, furnishings and equipment 11.10 107.1 108.6 109.2 0.6 2.0
Clothing and footwear 5.36 91.3 89.7 88.8 -1.0 -2.7
Transportation 19.88 114.3 117.3 117.4 0.1 2.7
Health and personal care 4.73 112.5 114.7 115.6 0.8 2.8
Recreation, education and reading 12.20 104.3 104.2 105.1 0.9 0.8
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco products 3.07 131.5 132.2 134.5 1.7 2.3
Special aggregates            
Core CPI3 82.71 113.7 115.6 115.5 -0.1 1.6
All-items excluding energy 90.62 113.5 114.6 115.0 0.3 1.3
Energy 9.38 129.6 135.7 139.8 3.0 7.9
Gasoline 4.92 141.0 142.8 147.8 3.5 4.8
All-items excluding food and energy 73.57 111.5 112.7 113.0 0.3 1.3
Goods 48.78 107.7 108.7 109.1 0.4 1.3
Services 51.22 121.6 123.6 124.5 0.7 2.4
2005 CPI basket weights at April 2007 prices, Canada, effective May 2007. Detailed weights are available under the Documentation section of survey 2301 (www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/index-eng.htm).
Figures may not add up to 100% as a result of rounding.
The measure of core Consumer Price Index (CPI) excludes from the all-items CPI the effect of changes in indirect taxes and eight of the most volatile components identified by the Bank of Canada: fruit, fruit preparations and nuts; vegetables and vegetable preparations; mortgage interest cost; natural gas; fuel oil and other fuel; gasoline; inter-city transportation; and tobacco products and smokers' supplies. For additional information on the core CPI, consult the Bank of Canada website (http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/inflation/index.htm).

Table 2

Consumer Price Index by province, and for Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit
  Relative importance1 July 2009 June 2010 July 2010 June to July 2010 July 2009 to July 2010
    Not seasonally adjusted
    (2002=100) % change
Canada 100.002 114.7 116.2 116.8 0.5 1.8
Newfoundland and Labrador 1.27 115.2 117.2 117.6 0.3 2.1
Prince Edward Island 0.35 118.4 119.2 119.5 0.3 0.9
Nova Scotia 2.56 116.6 117.3 118.6 1.1 1.7
New Brunswick 1.97 114.4 115.7 115.9 0.2 1.3
Quebec 21.05 113.8 114.8 114.5 -0.3 0.6
Ontario 41.22 113.7 116.0 117.0 0.9 2.9
Manitoba 3.06 115.0 114.9 114.7 -0.2 -0.3
Saskatchewan 2.64 118.0 118.6 118.5 -0.1 0.4
Alberta 11.43 121.5 122.7 123.3 0.5 1.5
British Columbia 14.29 112.4 113.4 114.6 1.1 2.0
Whitehorse 0.06 114.4 115.1 115.1 0.0 0.6
Yellowknife 0.08 116.5 118.4 118.0 -0.3 1.3
Iqaluit (Dec. 2002=100) 0.02 113.3 112.9 112.1 -0.7 -1.1
2005 CPI basket weights at April 2007 prices, Canada, effective May 2007. Detailed weights are available under the Documentation section of survey 2301 (www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/index-eng.htm).
Figures may not add up to 100% as a result of rounding.

Table 3

Consumer Price Index and major components
  Relative importance1 May 2010 June 2010 July 2010 May to June 2010 June to July 2010
    Seasonally adjusted
    (2002=100) % change
All-items 100.002 115.7 115.5 116.2 -0.2 0.6
Food 17.04 122.5 122.4 123.2 -0.1 0.7
Shelter 26.62 123.0 123.3 124.3 0.2 0.8
Household operations, furnishings and equipment 11.10 108.4 108.6 109.4 0.2 0.7
Clothing and footwear 5.36 92.3 91.5 90.6 -0.9 -1.0
Transportation 19.88 118.1 117.3 117.4 -0.7 0.1
Health and personal care 4.73 114.3 114.5 115.6 0.2 1.0
Recreation, education and reading 12.20 103.0 103.6 104.0 0.6 0.4
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco products 3.07 132.1 132.2 134.5 0.1 1.7
Special aggregates            
Core CPI3 82.71 115.4 115.5 115.6 0.1 0.1
All-items excluding food and energy 73.57 112.5 112.6 113.0 0.1 0.4
2005 CPI basket weights at April 2007 prices, Canada, effective May 2007. Detailed weights are available under the Documentation section of survey 2301 (www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/index-eng.htm).
Figures may not add up to 100% as a result of rounding.
The measure of core Consumer Price Index (CPI) excludes from the all-items CPI the effect of changes in indirect taxes and eight of the most volatile components identified by the Bank of Canada: fruit, fruit preparations and nuts; vegetables and vegetable preparations; mortgage interest cost; natural gas; fuel oil and other fuel; gasoline; inter-city transportation; and tobacco products and smokers' supplies. For additional information on the core CPI, consult the Bank of Canada website (http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/inflation/index.htm).