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Payroll employment, earnings and hours

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February 2010 (preliminary) (Previous release)

Non-farm payroll employment increased by 0.1% in February (+8,300). This advance was led by British Columbia, where there were notable job gains in accommodation and food services; investigation and security services; and employment services, all largely associated with the Olympic Games.

Total payroll employment

Payroll employment in manufacturing posts largest gain in over two years

In manufacturing, payroll employment rose by 11,200 in February, the largest increase for this sector since January 2008. Growth occurred in a number of manufacturing industries, most notably plastic product manufacturing; motor vehicle assembly; bakeries and tortilla manufacturing; agricultural, construction and mining machinery manufacturing; and motor vehicle parts.

Other industries with notable job gains in February were employment services; support activities for mining, quarrying, oil and gas extraction; investigation and security services; and business support services.

Note to readers

Unless otherwise stated, this release presents seasonally adjusted data, which eases comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations.

These gains were partly offset by declines in retail trade, mainly in grocery stores and gasoline stations. There were also declines in educational services.

Stronger growth in weekly earnings since last summer

In February, average weekly earnings, including overtime, of non-farm payroll employees was $843.91, up 2.8% from February 2009. In recent months, the pace of growth in average weekly earnings has accelerated.

Among Canada's largest industrial sectors, growth in average weekly earnings from February 2009 to February 2010 were above average in educational services (+6.4%), manufacturing (+5.6%), and accommodation and food services (+3.8%), while earnings were unchanged in construction.

Year-over-year average weekly earnings, including overtime, rose in every province. Newfoundland and Labrador posted the fastest year-over-year earnings growth in February (+6.8%), followed by Nova Scotia (+3.7%), Ontario (+3.4%) and Saskatchewan (+3.4%).

Comparing the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours and the Labour Force Survey

These data come from the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH). SEPH is a business survey that provides a detailed portrait of employees by industry. It complements information from the Labour Force Survey (LFS), which is a household survey.

Data on employment, wages and hours derived from these two surveys can differ for a number of reasons.

First, the reference periods are different. LFS data are collected during a "reference week," usually the week following the 15th day of the month. For SEPH, the reference period is an entire month.

The LFS includes people who are self-employed, as well as workers who take unpaid leave. SEPH does not cover these groups. Industry coverage for the LFS is comprehensive; SEPH excludes agriculture, fishing and trapping, and religious organizations.

The two count multiple job holders differently. In the LFS, people with more than one job are counted only once as "employed". SEPH is a count of filled positions on payroll, so each job is counted separately.

Finally, national data produced by the LFS do not include people living in the three territories or on reserves while SEPH does. LFS data are based on where people usually reside. SEPH counts employees in the province or territory where they work, although this has little effect on the comparability at the national level.

Non-farm payroll employment of the Survey of Employment Payrolls and Hours and total employment of the Labour Force Survey

Available on CANSIM: tables 281-0023 to 281-0039 and 281-0041 to 281-0046.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 2612.

Detailed industry data, data by size of enterprise based on employment, and other labour market indicators will soon be available in the monthly publication Employment, Earnings and Hours (72-002-X, free).

Data on payroll employment, earnings and hours for March will be released on May 26.

For more information, or to order data, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-866-873-8788; 613-951-4090; labour@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about revisions, or the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Jason Gilmore (613-951-7118), Labour Statistics Division.

Table 1

Average weekly earnings (including overtime) for all employees
Industry Group (North American Industry Classification System) February 2009 January 2010r February 2010p January to February 2010 February 2009 to February 2010
  Seasonally adjusted
  current dollars % change
Industrial aggregate 820.53 835.95 843.91 1.0 2.8
Forestry, logging and support 781.48 897.89 918.17 2.3 17.5
Mining and quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,616.02 1,649.90 1,627.26 -1.4 0.7
Utilities 1,486.53 1,563.61 1,595.73 2.1 7.3
Construction 1,055.58 1,046.89 1,056.10 0.9 0.0
Manufacturing 914.13 948.65 965.64 1.8 5.6
Wholesale trade 994.36 1,012.82 1,007.11 -0.6 1.3
Retail trade 486.58 491.51 500.07 1.7 2.8
Transportation and warehousing 897.79 839.67 845.30 0.7 -5.8
Information and cultural industries 1,081.98 1,045.18 1,073.20 2.7 -0.8
Finance and insurance 1,054.22 1,072.48 1,093.24 1.9 3.7
Real estate and rental and leasing 761.26 814.76 793.60 -2.6 4.2
Professional, scientific and technical services 1,139.40 1,166.66 1,182.05 1.3 3.7
Management of companies and enterprises 1,126.09 1,223.78 1,263.41 3.2 12.2
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 666.27 664.40 690.09 3.9 3.6
Educational services 859.87 915.51 914.90 -0.1 6.4
Health care and social assistance 755.58 773.44 776.06 0.3 2.7
Arts, entertainment and recreation 495.78 530.30 568.28 7.2 14.6
Accommodation and food services 332.51 342.68 345.29 0.8 3.8
Other services (excluding public administration) 677.98 683.25 693.35 1.5 2.3
Public administration 1,055.48 1,076.11 1,084.96 0.8 2.8
Provinces and territories          
Newfoundland and Labrador 782.75 814.04 835.71 2.7 6.8
Prince Edward Island 688.33 677.08 696.36 2.8 1.2
Nova Scotia 729.51 744.47 756.22 1.6 3.7
New Brunswick 739.63 753.79 754.08 0.0 2.0
Quebec 752.55 759.52 773.17 1.8 2.7
Ontario 846.68 866.36 875.53 1.1 3.4
Manitoba 765.07 771.02 776.14 0.7 1.4
Saskatchewan 797.65 826.66 824.42 -0.3 3.4
Alberta 965.26 963.38 989.77 2.7 2.5
British Columbia 789.52 805.66 810.93 0.7 2.7
Yukon 892.57 892.36 876.53 -1.8 -1.8
Northwest Territories¹ 1,135.40 1,139.35 1,171.55 2.8 3.2
Nunavut¹ 864.17 814.80 865.50 6.2 0.2
revised
preliminary
Data not seasonally adjusted.

Table 2

Number of employees
Industry Group (North American Industry Classification System) December 2009 February 2009 January 2010r February 2010p January to February 2010 February 2009 to February 2010 December 2009 to February 2010
  Seasonally adjusted
  thousands % change
Industrial aggregate 14,532.4 14,650.2 14,532.2 14,540.5 0.1 -0.7 0.1
Forestry, logging and support 39.1 40.6 39.0 39.1 0.3 -3.7 0.0
Mining and quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 173.4 194.9 173.3 179.8 3.8 -7.7 3.7
Utilities 117.5 121.1 117.6 117.4 -0.2 -3.1 -0.1
Construction 805.5 795.8 807.5 808.8 0.2 1.6 0.4
Manufacturing 1,447.3 1,542.1 1,450.3 1,461.6 0.8 -5.2 1.0
Wholesale trade 723.0 741.9 722.2 723.2 0.1 -2.5 0.0
Retail trade 1,859.9 1,876.9 1,859.0 1,851.9 -0.4 -1.3 -0.4
Transportation and warehousing 669.7 691.7 674.2 675.8 0.2 -2.3 0.9
Information and cultural industries 313.4 325.5 312.1 310.6 -0.5 -4.6 -0.9
Finance and insurance 682.6 664.6 685.0 684.3 -0.1 3.0 0.2
Real estate and rental and leasing 245.2 244.0 244.0 240.2 -1.6 -1.6 -2.0
Professional, scientific and technical services 740.2 754.3 738.5 738.9 0.1 -2.0 -0.2
Management of companies and enterprises 117.9 117.9 115.0 109.4 -4.9 -7.2 -7.2
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 719.2 740.0 723.6 737.5 1.9 -0.3 2.5
Educational services 1,161.9 1,148.7 1,162.1 1,159.9 -0.2 1.0 -0.2
Health care and social assistance 1,606.5 1,568.1 1,607.3 1,606.2 -0.1 2.4 0.0
Arts, entertainment and recreation 248.8 245.1 243.8 242.9 -0.4 -0.9 -2.4
Accommodation and food services 1,068.5 1,088.3 1,065.5 1,069.6 0.4 -1.7 0.1
Other services (excluding public administration) 506.2 508.3 504.0 501.4 -0.5 -1.4 -0.9
Public administration 1,054.7 1,030.0 1,046.6 1,040.5 -0.6 1.0 -1.3
Provinces and territories              
Newfoundland and Labrador 193.8 192.6 195.8 195.7 -0.1 1.6 1.0
Prince Edward Island 63.6 61.3 62.9 63.5 1.0 3.6 -0.2
Nova Scotia 395.6 393.3 397.0 398.5 0.4 1.3 0.7
New Brunswick 314.4 310.8 313.0 314.0 0.3 1.0 -0.1
Quebec 3,360.1 3,342.4 3,351.8 3,333.4 -0.5 -0.3 -0.8
Ontario 5,576.6 5,618.1 5,570.4 5,573.0 0.0 -0.8 -0.1
Manitoba 557.4 560.2 551.8 552.4 0.1 -1.4 -0.9
Saskatchewan 438.8 440.0 437.0 438.2 0.3 -0.4 -0.1
Alberta 1,718.3 1,764.7 1,723.4 1,730.8 0.4 -1.9 0.7
British Columbia 1,876.8 1,906.7 1,880.2 1,888.7 0.5 -0.9 0.6
Yukon 20.1 19.2 19.4 19.9 2.6 3.6 -1.0
Northwest Territories¹ 26.8 27.0 26.0 27.0 3.8 0.0 0.7
Nunavut¹ 10.2 9.8 9.9 10.1 2.0 3.1 -1.0
revised
preliminary
Data not seasonally adjusted.