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Spending on research and development

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2009 (intentions) (Previous release)

Total spending on research and development (R&D) in Canada is expected to amount to $29.9 billion in 2009. This is an anticipated 1.2% increase over the previous year, according to preliminary data collected to-date for 2008.

Spending by the business enterprise sector is expected to increase 1% to $16.1 billion, accounting for 54% of total R&D expenditures.

The higher education sector continues to rank in second place, with anticipated spending at $10.4 billion, representing 35% of the total.

In terms of R&D funding, the business enterprise sector is expected to provide $14.2 billion in R&D funds, up 1% from 2008. This will represent nearly one-half (48%) of total R&D funding.

The federal government, the second largest source of funding, anticipates its funding to rise 2.2% to $5.7 billion.

Note: Provincial R&D spending data are available for 2007.

Starting with this publication release, data on the national capital regions of Ontario and Quebec are included with their respective provincial data. This revision has been made back to 1988 in the appropriate CANSIM tables.

Available on CANSIM: table 358-0001.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey numbers, including related surveys, 4201, 4204, 4208, 4209, 4210, 4212 and 5109.

The publication Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development in Canada (GERD) and the Provinces, national estimates for 1998 to 2009 and provincial estimates for 2003 to 2007, Vol. 2, no. 1 (88-221-X, free), is now available from the Key resources module of our website, under Publications.

For more information, or to enquire about the methods, concepts or data quality of this release, contact Michael Lynch (613-951-2201; or Cindy Carter (613-951-1856;, Business Special Surveys and Technology Statistics Division.

Table 1

Research and development spending intentions
  2008 2009 2008 to 2009
  $ millions % change
Total, performing sector 29,487 29,854 1.2
Business enterprises 15,980 16,146 1.0
Higher education 10,310 10,413 1.0
Federal government 2,605 2,692 3.3
Provincial government and provincial research organizations 405 409 1.0
Private non-profit 188 194 3.2
Total, funding sector 29,487 29,854 1.2
Business enterprises 14,034 14,172 1.0
Higher education 4,629 4,675 1.0
Federal government 5,594 5,718 2.2
Provincial government and provincial research organizations 1,495 1,513 1.2
Private non-profit 981 993 1.2
Foreign 2,754 2,783 1.1
Components may not add up to totals due to rounding.