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Canada's population estimates

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Second quarter 2009 (preliminary) (Previous release)

On July 1, 2009, Canada's population was estimated at 33,739,900. In the second quarter of 2009, Canada's population grew by 121,200 (+0.36%). The increase was largely due to net international migration, which totalled 84,800, the second-highest figure for a second quarter since 1972.

The number of births in Canada in the second quarter of 2009 was estimated at 96,200. This was the largest number of second-quarter births since 1996 and an increase of 1,600 compared with the second quarter of 2008. This upward trend in births is also evident in a number of other industrialized countries.

Strong demographic growth continues in the West

All four provinces in Western Canada recorded higher demographic growth than the national average from April to June 2009.

Alberta was the province with the fastest demographic growth rate from April to June 2009, at 0.59%. The main contributors to the province's growth were immigration and natural increase. Alberta's demographic growth was lower than in the second quarter of 2008 (+0.80%). The slowdown was mostly attributable to a decline in the net number of non-permanent residents and net interprovincial migration compared with the second quarter of 2008. Alberta's interprovincial migration gain of 4,700 was the largest in Canada.

Immigration was partly responsible for population increases in Manitoba (+0.48%), Saskatchewan (+0.44%) and British Columbia (+0.39%). For Saskatchewan, it was the highest second-quarter growth rate since 1975, and for Manitoba, the strongest growth since the current record-keeping system was introduced in 1971.

Moderate demographic growth for Quebec and Ontario

Ontario's population grew by 0.34% from April to June 2009, the smallest second-quarter increase since 1993. The slowdown was primarily due to interprovincial migration losses and a decrease in immigration. The migration losses in Ontario reached 4,000, the largest second-quarter migration deficit since 1990. Ontario has been experiencing losses in its quarterly interprovincial migration exchanges since the first quarter of 2003. Ontario received 30,100 immigrants from April to June 2009, a decrease compared with the 32,000 immigrants received in the second quarter of 2008. This was the seventh consecutive quarter in which Ontario's demographic growth has been below the national average.

Note to readers

Due to the seasonality of demographic events, comparisons are made against the same quarter. Unless otherwise stated, the comparisons presented in the text concern the second quarters of 2008 and 2009.

The natural increase is the variation in population size over a given period as a result of the difference between the number of births and deaths.

International migration represents a movement of population between Canada and a foreign country that involves a change in the usual place of residence. A distinction is made with regard to immigrants, emigrants, returning emigrants, net temporary emigrants and net non-permanent residents.

Non-permanent residents (also called temporary residents) are people from another country who have a work or study permit, or who are refugee claimants, and family members living in Canada with them.

With demographic growth of 0.31%, Quebec posted the largest second-quarter increase in its population since 1991. The gain was partly attributable to an increase in the net number of non-permanent residents and immigration. At 7,200, the net number of non-permanent residents for Quebec from April to June 2009 was the highest quarterly level for this province since 1988. There were 22,400 births in Quebec from April to June 2009, the most second-quarter births the province has had since 1996.

Strong demographic growth in Prince Edward Island

From April to June, Prince Edward Island had the fastest demographic growth rate in the Atlantic provinces at 0.53%. The increase was partly due to higher net international migration following an increase in the number of immigrants. It was the province's highest second-quarter growth rate since 1978.

From April to June 2009, Newfoundland and Labrador's population climbed 0.28%, the highest second-quarter growth rate since 1983. In contrast to the other Atlantic provinces, the increase was mostly attributable to a net gain in interprovincial migration. It was also the fourth consecutive quarter in which Newfoundland and Labrador has posted gains in its exchanges with the other provinces and territories.

There were also population increases in the rest of the Atlantic provinces, as New Brunswick and Nova Scotia grew by 0.07% and 0.05% respectively. The gains were mostly due to immigration.

Demographic growth in the territories

The population grew in Nunavut (+0.68%), Yukon (+0.28%) and the Northwest Territories (+0.21%). Natural increase from April to June 2009 pushed Nunavut's population above 32,000.

Available on CANSIM: tables 051-0004 to 051-0006, 051-0017 to 051-0020, 051-0037, 051-0045 and 053-0001.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey numbers, including related surveys, 3231, 3233 and 3601.

The publications, Quarterly Demographic Estimates, Vol. 23, no. 2 (91-002-X, free), and Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2009 (91-215-X, free), are now available from the Publications module of our website.

For more information, to obtain additional data, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-866-767-5611; 613-951-2320; fax: 613-951-2307;, Demography Division.

Table 1

Components and factors of demographic growth
  Second quarter 20081 Second quarter 20092 Second quarter 2008 and second quarter 2009
  number difference
Total growth 127,764 121,211 -6,553
Natural increase 35,624 36,432 808
Births 94,527 96,150 1,623
Deaths 58,903 59,718 815
Net international migration 92,140 84,779 -7,361
Immigration 69,247 69,635 388
Net non permanent residents 31,242 23,533 -7,709
Emigration3 8,349 8,389 40
Updated estimates.
Preliminary estimates.
Emigration also takes into account net temporary emigration and returning emigration.

Table 2

Quarterly demographic estimates
  April 1, 20091 July 1, 20092 April 1 to July 1, 2009
  number % change
Canada 33,618,648 33,739,859 0.36
Newfoundland and Labrador 507,528 508,925 0.28
Prince Edward Island 140,246 140,985 0.53
Nova Scotia 937,752 938,183 0.05
New Brunswick 748,930 749,468 0.07
Quebec 7,804,821 7,828,879 0.31
Ontario 13,024,490 13,069,182 0.34
Manitoba 1,216,137 1,221,964 0.48
Saskatchewan 1,025,638 1,030,129 0.44
Alberta 3,666,196 3,687,662 0.59
British Columbia 4,438,037 4,455,207 0.39
Yukon 33,559 33,653 0.28
Northwest Territories 43,349 43,439 0.21
Nunavut 31,965 32,183 0.68
Updated postcensal estimates.
Preliminary postcensal estimates.
These estimates are based on 2006 Census population counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves.