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Cereals and oilseeds review

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The Daily


Thursday, February 28, 2008
December 2007 

In the 2006/2007 complete crop year, feed grains purchased directly by Western Canadian feed mills from farmers and grain dealers totalled 843,000 metric tonnes, a 3% decrease from the previous crop year. This broke the trend since 2003/2004 that had showed a steady and significant annual increase in total direct feed grain purchases.

Despite feed mills' reduced direct feed grain purchases, there was a surge in direct purchases of imported corn. Corn imports by feed mills and grain dealers amounted to 157,000 metric tonnes, up 22% from 2005/2006. Purchases of Manitoba-grown corn also jumped, the result of abundant supplies from the near-record 2006 crop.

In 2006/2007, feed wheat purchases sourced direct from the western provinces dropped by 13%, the result of limited availability and increased prices.

Total direct barley purchases were 2% lower at 300,000 metric tonnes, with a shift to more direct purchases from Saskatchewan and less from the other western provinces.

Total direct oat purchases by feed mills also decreased marginally. The highest prices in several years reduced oat demand.

Feed pea purchases by feed mills and grain dealers fell 58% from the previous crop year. Strong demand and high prices from the edible market may have encouraged farmers to deliver their peas for food instead of feed, and prompted feed mills to substitute less costly inputs.

Statistics Canada surveyed feed mills in Western Canada to obtain purchases of feed grains direct from farmers and grain dealers by province of origin. These data represent grain deliveries in addition to the licensed deliveries currently reported by the Canadian Grain Commission. The survey excluded purchases of grain from licensed grain elevators and grain products. Feed lots were not included in the survey.

The purpose of this on-going, semi-annual survey is to identify the amount of the grain delivered directly to feed mills and to identify inter-provincial grain movement. This allows improvements to the grain delivery data, important in the verification of farm stocks and production and in the calculation of farm cash receipts.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey numbers, including related surveys, 3401, 3403, 3404, 3443, 3464, 3476 and 5046.

Data from the December 2007 issue of Cereals and Oilseeds Review, Vol. 30, no. 12 (22-007-XIB, free) are now available from the Publications module of our website. This issue contains the "Feed grains supplement."

For further information on the publication Cereals and Oilseeds Review, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Client Services (toll-free 1-800-465-1991; agriculture@statcan.gc.ca), Agriculture Division.